8. THE AGE OF REVOLUTIONS, 1750-1914

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The Plan de Iguala was designed to guarantee _____.
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an independent Mexico with a constitutional monarchy Catholicism as Mexico’s state religion
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Who issued the “Grito de Dolores”?
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Miguel Hidalgo
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In 1824, Mexico became __________
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a Republic
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The United Provinces of Central America was established after Central America seceded from ___________
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Mexico
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What country controlled the land at the time of Brazil’s independence in 1822?
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Portugal. Brazil was colonized by Portugal
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In Haiti, Vincent Oge demanded the right to _____.
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Vote
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When it was a French colony, Haiti was called _____.
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St. Domingue
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People who were of European ancestry that were born in the Americas were called _____.
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Creoles
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Select all issues that led to the French Revolution.
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resentment toward French monarchy an economic crisis in France resentment toward social structures
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What contributed to France’s financial crisis in the late 1700s?
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the lavish spending of the royal court aid given to the U.S. colonists
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The storming of the Bastille occurred _____.
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after members of the third estate declared themselves to be the National Assembly
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Why did Louis XVI call a meeting of the Estates General?
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to discuss France’s tax system
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The French middle class and peasantry belonged to the ________Estate.
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Third
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The 1791 French constitution limited the powers of the _____.
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French Monarch
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The Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen _____.
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declared freedom of speech, press, and religion was modeled after the U.S. Declaration of Independence
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Who was the leader of the Committee of Public Safety?
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Maximilien Robespierre
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During the French Revolution, radicals _____.
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wanted to establish a french republic
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Olympe de Gouges wrote a “Declaration of the Rights of Woman and the Female Citizen” in 1791, declaring that women were also citizens and should have rights equal to those of men. She was then_________________.
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executed by the guillotine
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What currently practiced ideology has its roots in the French Revolution?
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Socialism
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Who became king of France after Napoleon was exiled?
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Louis XVIII
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Autocratic rule was seen in Russia as
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rule by a single leader with unrestrained power.
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Russian czars eliminated opposition to their rule by relying on _____.
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strict censorship a secret police force
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Where did Czar Nicholas I exile suspected dissenters?
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Siberia
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In 1900, the majority of Russia’s population belonged to the _____.
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Peasantry
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The Trans-Siberian Railway covered a distance from Eastern Europe to ______________
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the PAcific
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What nations claimed to protect Christian interests in the Ottoman Empire?
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France and Russia
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Why did the British participate in the Crimean War?
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They did not want the Russians to control the Black Sea.
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Participants in the Decembrist Revolt wanted to establish _____.
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a constitutional monarchy
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Alexander III’s program of Russification _____.
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targeted the empire’s non-Russian population emphasized the use of the Russian language
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As a result of the 1905 Revolution, _____.
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political parties were banned

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