8.1- development of teaching plans

question

what is a learning/teaching plan based on?
answer

critical thinking using the steps of the nursing process
question

5 steps of developing a learning plan
answer

1. assessment 2. nursing diagnosis 3. planning 4. implementation 5. evaluation
question

1. assessment
answer

– the systematic gathering of relevant/important information – used to: – identify health problems – plan nursing care – evaluate outcomes
question

2. nursing diagnosis
answer

– “a statement of actual or potential health problem that nurses can identify and prescribe the primary intervention – based on assessment and evidence from literature – identify relevant nursing diagnosis specific to health teaching
question

3. planning
answer

– set learning goals with patient that are: 1. linked to nursing diagnosis 2. action-oriented 3. SMART 4. defined in terms of behavioral outcomes 5. have specific time frame 6. changed as needed
question

4. implementation
answer

the actual instruction/teaching/modeling as set fourth in the planning stage of the process
question

5. evaluation
answer

how? – based on learning objectives – did you accomplish what you wanted to? – what more is needed to reinforce the learning?
question

methods of assessment
answer

interview, observation, physical examination
question

what do you want to find out when assessing a learner?
answer

previous knowledge, experiences, beliefs and values that can affect teaching process – what knowledge does the patient need – what specific skill does the patient need – what attitudes does the patient hole that could help/interfere with the learning process?
question

what are possible barriers to learning
answer

ability to learn.. – physical, psychological, intellectual, and socioeconomic factors readiness to learn… – motivation, compliance, literacy, physical ability
question

example of nursing diagnosis related to teaching
answer

– knowledge deficit related to breast self-examination as manifested by responses to questions about self-care and breast cancer
question

what is the difference between a learning goal and a learning objective
answer

goal = what you and the patient want to achieve objective = description of steps to accomplish the goal
question

what are the three components of planning?
answer

1. establish priorities 2. formulating goals 3. prescribing nursing interventions
question

levels of behavioral objectives
answer

think about what level the person is at… 1. knowledge 2. comprehension 3. application 4. analysis 5. evaluation 6. synthesis
question

types of planning in the clinical setting
answer

– informal – formal – time-sequenced – initial – ongoing – discharge
question

formal planning
answer

– conscious, deliberate activity – known as “patient care plans” – involves: decision making, critical thinking, creativity – comprehensive; with outcomes as evidenced by and diagnosis as manifested by – collaborative care plans (critical pathways)
question

ongoing planning
answer

– organizational planning at beginning of every shift
question

discharge planning
answer

– process of preparing patient and family to leave healthcare facility – begins on admission and continues throughout patient’s stay in facility – follow MODEL
question

what does MODEL stand for?
answer

M ake a written plan O ffer resources D evise ways to increase adherence E valuate your teaching with immediate feedback L egal implications (document)
question

other considerations in planning
answer

– learning environment – timing – content – methods
question

example of a learning goal
answer

the client will practice self breast examination
question

example of learning objectives
answer

the client will – explain the purpose of breast self-examination – accurately list the steps of self breast examination – by the end of teaching session march 5
question

what does SMART stand for?
answer

– specific – measurable – appropriate – reasonable – time frame

Get instant access to
all materials

Become a Member