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(100% Correct Answers) PlATO Course US History, Semester A Unit 5: From War to Recovery

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Why did the US Congress pass the Espionage Act in 1917?
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to prohibit US citizens from disclosing any information related to the war.
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How did Great Britain attempt to sway the United States to support the Allies during World War I?
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by highlighting German atrocities inflicted on the Allies.
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What was the immediate reason that caused U.S. Secretary of State William Jennings Bryan to resign in June 1915?
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Jennings was uncomfortable with having to send strong warnings to Germany against their indiscriminate submarine warfare.
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Why were President Wilson’s Fourteen Points not incorporated in the Treaty of Versailles?
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The Allied delegates wanted Germany to pay reparations for the war.
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Which European country entered World War I as part of the Central powers but later switched sides to the Allies in 1915?
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Italy.
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Henry Ford was the first entrepreneur to implement which strategy?
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assembly line production.
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If you were to write a paper on the Red Scare of the 1920s, on which person might you focus your thesis?
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Attorney General Mitchell Palmer.
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Why did so many people invest in the stock market in the 1920s?
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They could buy stocks “on the margin,” so they needed less initial capital.
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What did President Coolidge mean when he said “the chief business of the American people is business”?
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The government should be business-friendly.
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Which fact was brought to light by the Sacco and Vanzetti case?
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Many Americans were distrustful of foreigners.
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What was a key theme of Harlem Renaissance writers?
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a greater spirit of self-determination for African Americans.
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What was the main objective of the National Origins Act of 1924?
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to favor immigration from northern and western Europe.
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What did the Nineteenth Amendment to the US Constitution do?
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It gave women the right to vote.
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What did the Women’s Christian Temperance Union campaign for?
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laws to curb the consumption of alcohol.
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Which phrase characterizes the perspective most investors had of the stock market in the first half of 1929?
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strongly enthusiastic.
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Which statement best describes the US welfare system in 1930?
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There were limited resources for people if they found themselves in hard times.
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What do the terms Hooverville and Hoover blanket say about Americans’ attitude toward the president?
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Americans were angry with Hoover for not doing enough to help them out of hard times.
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Which statement best describes the US government’s role with the banking industry at the beginning of the Depression?
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The government had little involvement with monitoring the health of banks.
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What was a major difference in the political platforms of Herbert Hoover and Alfred Smith?
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Smith favored buying farm surpluses, while Hoover believed in funding organizations that would help farmers with the surpluses.
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What was the goal of having most of the CCC employees’ money sent to their homes?
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to put more money into the economy through the families
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CCC projects were intended to benefit which of the following?
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the environment.
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What are FDR’s programs and policies for recovery, relief, and reform collectively known as?
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The New Deal.
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What did the structure of the CCC resemble?
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a military organization.
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Besides giving young men a job, what was one of the primary purposes of the Civilian Conservation Corps?
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reforestation and conservaton
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Which of the following describes the US trade policy in the 1930s?
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Increase the price of farm products and industrial goods by increasing the taxes on imports.
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What happened when the Federal Reserve limited the money supply?
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More money went into business rather than into the stock market.
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Why was Germany particularly susceptible to a downturn in the economy?
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Germany owed large debts to other countries after World War I.
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How were minorities at a disadvantage during the Great Depression?
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They were often the first to have their hours or jobs cut.
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Why was stock bought on margin considered a risky investment?
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Investors purchased the stocks with little cash down; if the price dropped the investor had to repay the loan.
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Why did the Republican Isolationists refuse to ratify President Wilson’s League of Nations?
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They were opposed to Article 10 that could infringe upon the United States’ right to declare war and expand its territories.
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Why did the United States break diplomatic relations with Germany in 1917?
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Germany declared unrestricted submarine warfare against all ships.
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What role did J. Edgar Hoover play in the Palmer Raids?
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He was director of the antiradicalism division in the Department of Justice.
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How did the Agricultural Marketing Act of 1929 help farmers?
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It stabilized the prices of farm goods.
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Why are the 1920s known as the Roaring Twenties?
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It was a period of rapid economic and social transformation.
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What did the passage of the 18th Amendment and the Volstead Act bring about?
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the prohibition of alcohol
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Which of the following was an object of critique in the works of the “Lost Generation” of writers?
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multi-culturalism.
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Who coined the term “Jazz Age”?
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F. Scott Fitzgerald
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Which of the following groups was expected to benefit from New Deal programs like Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) and the Works Progress Administration (WPA)?
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Unemployed.
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If Roosevelt’s judicial reform had been passed, how would new judges have been appointed?
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on the basis of the workload of the Supreme Court.