World History Chapter 9

question

by 500, the western Roman empire was replaced by what:?
answer

states ruled by Germanic kings
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why today do they speak a language in England that is Germanic?
answer

germanic tribes took over
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what germanic kingdom became the most powerful?
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franks
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what was the significance of Clovis; conversion to christianity?
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gained him support of the roman catholic church
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how did the germanic concept of family affect the German law?
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how german law treated the problem of crime and punishment/was personal
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what exactly was the wergild and how did it work?
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amount paid by a wrond doer to the fmily of the person they injured/killed
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what was the ordeal and how did it work?
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determined guilt/ physical trial; divine forces wouldnt harm the innocent
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what did Gregory the Great do?
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strengthened power of the papacy converted the chief apostle and first bishop of rome
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what are the daily activities of the Benedictine monks?
answer

physical work, prayer, chanting of psalms
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what significance did Charlemagnes coronation as roman emperor have to do with the development of European civilization?
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it symbolized unity of Roman, Christian, and German
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what was the importance of the missi domininci?
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made sure people were following the kings laws
question

who invaded and contributed to the decline of Charlemgne’s empire?
answer

muslims, vikings, magyars
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what factors helped the vikings to successfully invade Europe?
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love of adventure/great ships
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why was land most important gift a lord could give?
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supported families
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why was feudalism necessary, why did it devolop?
answer

need for powerful lord who could offer protection in reward for service/ protection
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describe the benefits granted vassal under feudalsim?
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land in exchange for royalty
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what was a vassal’s primary obligation to his lord?
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to fight
question

list three features of chivalry?
answer

defend church, fight for the defensless, treat captives with respect
question

what city was the center of the Byzantine empire?
answer

constantinople
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what was Justinian’s goal as emperor?
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reestablish the roman empire
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what is the significance of the body of civil law?
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was the basis of laws in Eastern Europe
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what problems did Justinian face?
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to much territory to protect, no population after trade, renewwed threats
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what was the official language of the Byzantine Empire and what was the name of their church?
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greek, Eastern orthodox chruch
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how did the rise of Islam affect the Byzantine Empire?
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god commanded their state to preserve to the true christian faith
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what products came through Canstanople?
answer

silk, spices, jewelry, ivory, wheat, furs, flax, honey
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what affect did the Macedonian have on the Byzantine Empire?
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expanded empire/ economic prosperity/ dynasty of the 10 and 11th centuries restored power
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who posed the biggest threat to the Byzantine empier?
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seljuk turks
question

what does the word byzantine mean today?
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scheming/ old
question

what major distinction would separate Constantine from other emperors?
answer

had jesus
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what was teh fundamental to the existance of COnstantinoplke?
answer

jesus
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whats the major problem with constantinople?
answer

water everywhere but no clean water
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from how far away did the Byzantines have to bring water?
answer

400 miles
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what religious symbols adorned the aqueduct bridges?
answer

christian
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how did Byzantine engineers solve the problem of water storage?
answer

underground storage system —tanks
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what two reasons explain the importance of hte Basilica cistern?
answer

enabled city to always have water/ build flat city
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who would threaten constantinople in the 5th century?
answer

huns
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what did the Byzantines do to keep out its enemies?
answer

strong city walls
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which emperor was given credit for the walls of Constantinople?
answer

theodosius II
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what great challenge did Byzantine engineers face with building the walls?
answer

earthquakes
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how did they solve the earthquake building problem?
answer

lime stone mortar
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what is the benefit of lime mortar over typical roman cement?
answer

bend w/o cracking and breaking
question

how tall and how thick were the walls of Theodosius?
answer

3o ft tall, 16 1/2 thick
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what did roman engineers add to the walls after the catastrophic earthquake of 447?
answer

mote, outer terrace, outer wall, inner wall
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would Attila ever reach the city walls?
answer

no
question

how logn would the walls protect constantinople?
answer

1000 years
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how did engineers protect threats from sea?
answer

iron chain
question

how long was the iron chain?
answer

750 linc
question

once protected why was Constantinople the richest city in the world?
answer

middle of international trade
question

who would attempt to resurrect the old Roman empire
answer

justinian
question

what were justinians roots?
answer

peasant
question

what was controversal about theodora?
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former prostitute
question

what sporting event did the hippodrome host and how many people did it hold?
answer

chariot racing/ 100000 people
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what were the blues and greens?
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differ fans
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Nika:
answer

win!
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who convinced Justinian not to flee from the Nika rebellion>
answer

theodora
question

how many rebels were killed by the imperial troops inside the hippodrome?
answer

30000
question

what did justinian have built to reassert his power?
answer

haggia sophia
question

what church did justinian buld?
answer

haggie sophia
question

what does haggia sophia mean?
answer

holy wisdom
question

what engineering concept did they adopt from the romans to make the dome possible?
answer

pendentive
question

how long did it take to build hagia sophia?
answer

less than 6 years
question

bishopric
answer

diocese
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popes
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father of the catholic churcch
question

monk
answer

man who separates himself from ordinary human society in order to pursure a life of total dedication to God
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monasticism
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practice of living the life of a monk
question

missionaries
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people sent out to carry religious messges
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nuns
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women monks
question

abbesses
answer

where nuns lives
question

feudalism
answer

lord who could offer protiection in exchange for service
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vassal
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man who served lored in a military capacity
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knights
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heavily armed cavalry
question

feudal contract
answer

determined relationship bewtween lord and vassal
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tournaments
answer

contests between knights
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chivalry
answer

ideal civilized behavior
question

common law
answer

law that was common throughout the whole kingdom
question

magna carta
answer

great charter
question

estates
answer

classes
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patriarch
answer

exercised control over church and state
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schism
answer

separation between to branches of chrisitanity
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infidels
answer

unbelievers—Muslims

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