World History Chapter 17, Section 1

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Renaissance
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The period from 1300 to 1600 in which Greek and Roman art and literature were revived in Italy
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The Bubonic Plague
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The disease that killed roughly 60 percent of the European population in the 1300s
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Medici
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The powerful banking family who ruled Florence during the Renaissance and were patrons of the arts
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Humanism
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The intellectual movement that focused on human potential and achievements
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Secular
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Another word for worldly
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Patron
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A person who pays a groups of people, such as Church leaders, who financially supported artists during the Renaissance
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Baldassare Castiglione
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The author of \”The Courtier\”
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Isabella d’Este
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The politician born into the ruling family of Ferrara who married the ruler of Mantua
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Perspective
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The painting technique that shows three dimensions on a flat surface
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Michelangelo
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The sculptor, poet, architect and painter who used a realistic style
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Donatello
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The sculptor who created a statue of David in the late 1460s
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Leonardo da Vinci
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The painter, sculptor, inventor and scientist who painted the Mona Lisa and The Last Supper
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Vernacular
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One’s native language
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Francesco Petrarch
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One of the earliest humanists, sometimes called the father of Renaissance humanism
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Boccaccio
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The Italian writer who wrote the Decameron, a series of realistic stories
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The Prince
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The political guidebook by Niccolo Machiavelli that examines the imperfect conduct of human beings
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Renaissance Man
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A nickname for Leonardo da Vinci, meaning a person who excels at many things

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