World History: Chapter 12.1-12.3

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United States and Great Britain
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Believed that the liberated nations of Eastern Europe should hold free elections to determine their futures
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Civil War in Greece
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1946; Contributed to tensions between the Soviet Union and Great Britain
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Truman Doctrine
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Formulated initially in response to the 1946 withdrawal of British aid to Greece
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Truman Doctrine
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States that the United States would provide money to nations threatened by communist expansion
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Truman Doctrine
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United States promise of anti-communism support
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Marshall Plan
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United States effort to rebuild war-torn Europe
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Marshall Plan
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Designed to restore the economic stability of European nations after WWII
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Comecon
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Unlike US Marshall Plan; Failed because Soviet ran out of money
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Policy of Containment
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To stop the spread of communism, the United States adopted this policy towards the Soviet Union
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Berlin
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Located deep inside the Soviet East Germany Side; divided in four parts
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Berlin Airlift
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Tactic used to overcome a Soviet blockade
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US Fear of Communism
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Increased when China became a communist nation in 1949
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Superpowers
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Country with both military powers and political influence
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Original Members of NATO
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Belgium, Luxemberg, France, Netherlands, Great Britain, Italy, Denmark, NOrway, Portugal, Iceland, United States, and Canada
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Warsaw Pact
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Military alliance of Soviet allies
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Warsaw Pact Nations
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Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland, and Romania
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Production of Missiles
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When Soviet Union launched Sputnik 1 in 1957, many Americans feared that the Soviet Union was ahead of the United States in this
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Sputnik 1
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First space satellite
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Bay of Pigs
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United States attempt to overthrow the Cuban government
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Heavy Industry
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The manufacture of machines and equipment for factories and mines
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Literary and Scientific Work
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In 1946 the Soviet Union declared these must conform to the needs of the state
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Destalinization
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Krushchevs policy of undoing his predecessors more ruthless policies
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Kruschevs
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Tried to increase the emphasis on consumer goods instead of heavy industry
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Albania’s Stalinist Regime
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Grew more and more independent of the Soviet Union
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Tito
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Ugoslav leader who resisted Stalins control
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The Soviets
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Instituted five-year plans and collectivization of agriculture in satellite states
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Independence from Soviet
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Even after Stalin’s death in 1953, the Soviet Union made it clear that it would not allow Eastern European satellites to become this
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Declaration of Hungarian Independence (NAGY)
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In response, Kreshav reacted by attacking Budapest
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Dubcik
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Czechoslovakian reform leader and party secretary
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Protest Campaign Led by Writers
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In Czechoslovakia in 1967, this protest forced the communist leader to resign
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Czechoslovakia
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Had a strong democratic tradition yet a Soviet controlled communist government took hold of the government
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Prague Spring of Alexander Dubcik
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Was forestalled in 1968 when the Soviet army invaded Czechoslovakia
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Dubcik
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Said he wanted to create “socialism with a human face”
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De Gaules Presidency
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The French economy grew at an annual rate of 5.5% during this time
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Chancellor
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Title of German head of state
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Welfare State
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A nation in which the government provides services and a minimum living standard to all
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Conservatives
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Economic problems led them to gain control of the British government in 1951
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Bloc
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A group of nations with a common purpose
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Real Wages
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The actual purchasing power of income
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Joseph McCarthy
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The US senator responsible for the anti-communist movement known as the red scare
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Segregation
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Separation for example by race
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Race Riots
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Increased dramatically during 1960s and led to a white backlash
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Kent State
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In 1970, four students at this school were killed by an Ohio national guard during an anti-war protest
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Canada
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Much of their post-war growth, financed by US investment, led to their fear of American economic domination
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Number of People Farming
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Declined dramatically after WWII
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Number of People in the Middle Class
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Increased after WWII
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Increases in Workers Wages
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Increased credit and built up demand for post war goods; led to creation of consumer society
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Baby Boom
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Post war birth rates rose in the late 1940s and 1950s
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Renewed Interest in Feminism
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Late 60s rioting of reformers like Beauvoir led to this
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Student Protest of Late 60s
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Reactions against the Vietnam War, university policies and administrators, and alienation of the individual from society

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