World Geography: Final Exam Study Guide

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Region- A place on the earth’s surface compared to others around it. Place- The physical/cultural characteristics of a location. Location- The exact coordinates of a place along with the description of where it is. Movement- How the country makes its money. HEI- The involvement of the citizens in their economy.
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Describe the 5 themes of geography: Region, place, location, movement, HEI.
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Longitude- Lines that run from North to South. Latitude- Lines that run from East to West. Hemisphere- The division of four quadrants: North, South, East, and West. Equator- A line at 0 degrees latitude that separates the Northern and Southern hemispheres.Prime Meridian- A line at 0 degrees longitude that separates the Eastern and Western hemispheres.
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Describe the terms: Longitude, latitude, hemisphere, equator, prime meridian.
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A direction toward or away from something.
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What are cardinal directions?
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Absolute- exact coordinates of a place. Relative- description of where it is.
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What is the difference between absolute and relative location?
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The knowledge, behavior, and attitude that is shared by generation of people.
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What is culture?
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Judaism- A monotheistic religion based on the life and teachings of Abraham. Christianity-A monotheistic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus. Islam- A monotheistic religion based on the teachings of the Mohammad.
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What are the three main types of religion?
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Weather-The condition of the atmosphere at one particular time and place. Climate- Weather at a particular time and place.
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What is the difference between climate and weather?
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It is home to many resources like diamonds and oil.
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Why is the region so important to nations throughout the world?
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Islam, Christianity, and Judaism
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Jerusalem is an important holy city for which three religions?
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Desert
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What is the dominant climate for North Africa and Southwest Asia?
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To divide up Africa without breaking out into war; the ethnic groups were forced to live with each other which resulted in conflict.
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What was the purpose of the Berlin Conference of 1888 and how did it affect the continent of Africa?
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Deforestation caused by farming.
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What is a major threat to the Sahel of North Africa?
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The European countries put ethnic groups, who hated other, together.
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How did European colonialism impact Africa?
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There are waterfalls, rapids, and gorges on the rivers, so you can’t use them for trade.
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Why are the rivers in Africa not as useful as the rivers in the US?
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They are mostly made of deserts and they depend on water to survive.
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Why is water a vital resource for both North Africa and Southwest Asia?
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India and Pakistan; they want to have control over Kashmir.
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What 2 nations of South Asia are in conflict over the area of Kashmir? Why?
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The coast.
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Which part of South Asia is most heavily populated?
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Two tectonic plates collided with each other.
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How were Himalayan Mountains formed?
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Seasonal wind that brings heavy rain in the summer.
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What is a monsoon?
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The east.
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Which part of China is most heavily populated?
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In cities along the coast.
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Which part of Japan is most heavily populated?
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Countries along the coast that trade with each other.
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What is the Pacific Rim? Why is it important?
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The economy which grows rapidly.
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What is an economic tiger?
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The first group of people to migrate to Australia; Asia.
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Who were the Aboriginal people? Where did they originally settle?
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China and India .
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What two nations influenced ancient Southeast Asian cultures?
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Scandinavian: Finland, Norway, and Scandinavia. Jutland: Denmark Apenine: Italy. Balkan: Albania, Greece, and Macedonia. Iberian: Portugal and Spain.
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Describe the following European peninsulas.
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The warmer water increases the climate.
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How does the North Atlantic Drift impact Western European’s climate?
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Jobs and climate.
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Why do people live near water?
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The industrial revolution had just began and Britain was one of the leaders.
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Why were the British able to built a world empire from the 18th to 20th centuries?
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The east.
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In which part of Europe did the countries become satellite nations of the Soviet Union?
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A place where various cultures cross paths; Eastern Europe.
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What is a cultural crossroad? Which part of Europe is often referred to as a cultural crossroad?
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Siberia
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What is the name for the area of Russia that is found in Asia?
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Western Russia
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Which area of Russia has the richest agriculture, the most people and the largest cities?
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Dominican Republic and Haiti.
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What two countries make up the island of Hispaniola?
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Along the Western coast.
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Where can you find the Andes Mountains?
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They empty out into the Atlantic Ocean.
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The Orinoco, Parana, and Amazon rivers all empty into which body of water?
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Roman Catholic.
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What is the dominant religion in Latin America?
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Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea.
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The Panama Canal connects which two bodies of water? Why is it important for Latin America?
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North Atlantic Free Trade Agreement
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What is NAFTA?
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Language, ethnicity, and other cultural aspects.
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What cultural features unify Latin America?
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Brazil; it is home to the largest river in South America.
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Which country generates most hydroelectric power and why?
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Great Lakes: Erie, Huron, Michigan, Ontario, and Superior, the Rocky Mountains, and the Appalachian Mountains.
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Which physical features do the United States and Canada share?
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The north.
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Which region of the US has the highest population density?
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Highland, marine west coast, tundra, semiarid, and subarctic.
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Which climates are found in Canada?
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The Mississippi River.
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What is the longest river in North America?
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The border of US and Canada.
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Where do the majority of Canadians live?
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Great Lakes: Erie, Huron, Michigan, Ontario, and Superior.
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Which bodies of water border the United States and Canada?
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The Mississippi River and the Rocky Mountains.
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What two physical features form the border for the territory acquired by the US in the Louisiana Purchase?
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Yukon, Northwwest Territories, and Nunavut. British Colombia, Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Ontario, Quebec, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia, and Newfoundland and Labrador.
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List Canada’s ten provinces and three territories.
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The east.
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Which part of the United States and Canada was the first to be colonialized?
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The Rocky Mountains.
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Which physical feature extends from Alaska to New Mexico?

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