Winter Solstice and Iroquois Essay Example
Winter Solstice and Iroquois Essay Example

Winter Solstice and Iroquois Essay Example

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  • Pages: 2 (371 words)
  • Published: August 2, 2017
  • Type: Article
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For thousands of years, the Iroquois, a well-known forest Indian group, have lived near the lower Great Lakes in Ohio, Pennsylvania, New York, and Canada. They demonstrated their intelligence by utilizing the forest to source what they needed and growing maize, beans and squash on fields. The Iroquois grew 15 different varieties of maize alongside 60 types of beans and eight types of squash. For ceremonies and social events as well as medicine purposes the Iroquois also grew "Indian Tobacco." Women worked on fields during summer while children protected crops from animals from tree huts. Their main crop was corn which was stored for winter alongside other foods in storage pits; corn husks were utilized to make slippers and dolls amongst other things. With preservation being key for food during winter seasons through storage pits- cavities that were excavated lined with waterproof bark f


illed with maize and soil to harvest it - men primarily hunted immediately after harvests were stored establishing hunting camps where they remained until midwinter accompanied by women who assisted with food preservation smoking meat making jerky. Hunters stayed until the conclusion of winter festivals catching aquatic species such as salmon,trout,bass , perch,eels,and fish in lakes,rivers using tools like hooks,lances,and nets.The Iroquoians utilized rock weirs at specific fishing stations to capture large quantities of fish throughout the spring breeding season. In addition, they embarked on their collection season during the same time frame by gathering maple tree sap for syrup or sugar, and other wild foods such as onions, rotter chou, and milkweed found within the woods. The plentiful berry picking season in spring encompassed a variety of options including raspberries, strawberries,

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huckleberries, and blackberries that could either be consumed fresh or dried on bark trays under the sun for preservation purposes. Similarly, autumn signified a time when Iroquois women and children would gather acorns, beech nuts, walnuts, hickory nuts and chestnuts to utilize as food or oil sources. They also collected numerous plant varieties for consumption as tea or medicine. While bow and arrow were previously instrumental in hunting alongside different types of traps and blow guns prior to European arrival - this changed with the introduction of metal tools like traps and guns.

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