Vocab Ch 9&10

question

salpingo-
answer

bingo
question

pampas
answer

a grasslands region in Argentina and Uruguay
question

conqistador
answer

name for the Spanish explorers who claimed land in the Americas for spain
question

cultural divergence
answer

the restriction of a culture from outside influences
question

caudillo
answer

a Latin american military dictator
question

cay
answer

a small, low island or coral reef
question

coral
answer

the rocklike skeletons of tiny sea animals
question

tropical storm
answer

a storm with winds of at least 39 miles
question

hurricane
answer

a destructive tropical storm that forms over the atlantic ocean usually in late summer and early fall with winds of at least 74 miles per hour
question

el nino
answer

a warm ocean current off south america's northwestern coast that influences global weather patterns
question

canopy
answer

the uppermost layer of a forest where tree branches meet
question

mestizo
answer

a person of mixed European and native american heritage
question

multatto
answer

African and european
question

market economy
answer

an economic system in which decisions about production price and other economic factors are determined by the law of supply and demand
question

GDP per capita
answer

the total value of goods and services produced within a country in a year, divided by the country's total population
question

command economy
answer

an economic system that is controlled by a single central government
question

traditional economy
answer

an economic system in which families produce goods and services for their own use with little surplus and exchange of goods; also known as a subsistence economy
question

plateau
answer

an area of high, flat land
question

peninsula
answer

a strip of land that juts out into an ocean
question

irrigation
answer

the watering farmland with water drawn from reservoirs or rivers
question

sinkhole
answer

a hole formed when limestone is dissolved causing the land above to collapse
question

hacienda
answer

a large Spanish owned estate in the Americas often run as farm or cattle ranch
question

land redistribution
answer

a policy by which land is taken from those who own large amounts and redistributed to those who have little or none
question

ejido
answer

farmland owned collectively by members of a rural community
question

subsistence farming
answer

farming that provides only enough for the needs of a family or a village
question

latifundio
answer

a large commercial farm owned by a private individual or a farming company
question

cash crop
answer

a farm crop grown for sale and profit
question

migrant worker
answer

a worker who travels from place to place, working where extra help is needed to cultivate or harvest crops
question

NAFTA
answer

North American Free Trade Agreement- which phased out trade barriers among the US, Canada, and Mexico
question

maquiladora
answer

a factory in Mexico, along the United States border, that assembles goods for export

Get instant access to
all materials

Become a Member