US History Chapter 9 Section 1

Flashcard maker : Pat Coker
Proggresssive Movement
wanted to return control of the government to the people and correct the unjustices in american life
Peoples Movement
wanted to relieve the factory workers burden that they were feeling, created the 8 hour work day
Secret Ballot
(Austraillian Ballot) contained all of the the names that were canidates, canidates made threats against people that did not vote for them
James Weaver
presidential canidate in 1892, got 10% of the votes, progressive movement came in because the timing was right and it was in the middle class
4 Goals of the Progressive Movement
protect social welfare: founded YMCA
promoting moral improvement: need to live life based on christian fundamentals
creating economic reform: capitalist isnt successful, wanted to be socialist
fostering efficiency
Florence Kelly
social worker, devoted life to helping women and children
Illinois Factory Act
child labor was prohibited, working hours for women were reduced in Illinois
Prohibition
banning of alcohol, wanted to legislate morality
WCTU (Women’s Christian Temperence Union)
didnt want to ban alcohol, wanted people to be smart about their consumption of alcohol
Carry Nation
knew what alcohol did to people, destroyed bars because they sold alcohol
Eugene Debs
belived that socialism is best, advocate for change
Muckrakers
thought that they could open our eyes to see the problems we have
Upton Sinclair
writes The Jungle, shows what immigrants are going through and the problems with the meat packing plant
Frederick Taylor
came up with scientific management (taking jobs and seperating them into smaller tasks)
Robert LaFollatte
govenor of Wisconsin for 6 years, got rid of the spoils system, served as a US senator for 20 years, was the presidential canidate in 1924, got 16% of the popular vote
Keating Owen Act
(1916) prohibited interstate transport of anything made b children
Muller V. Oregon
Oregon passed a state law that limited women to working 10 hours a day, supreme court ruled in favor of Oregon
Bunting V. Oregon
supreme court upheld a 10 hour work day for men
Direct Primary
election in which voters choose party nominees
Initiative
the voters introduce an idea to be voted on
Referundum
gave voters the opportunity to accept or reject measures that the state legislature enacted
Recall
the act of removing an official by petition
17th Ammendment
passed by Congress in 1912, gave people a chance to vote for their senators directly instead of through state legislatures
Section 2
Susan B. Anthony
social reformer who campaigned for womens rights, the temperance, and was an abolitionist, helped form the National Woman Suffrage Assosiation
Section 3
Theodore Roosevelt
26th president, known for: conservationism, trust-busting, Hepburn Act, safe food regulations, \”Square Deal,\” Panama Canal, Great White Fleet, Nobel Peace Prize for negotiation of peace in Russo-Japanese War
Bully Pullpit
Roosevelt wanted to be pro active. It is when you say how you feel about a topic
Square Deal
President Theodore Roosevelt’s plan for reform; all Americans are entitled to an equal opportinity to succeed
Trusts
group of corporations run by a single board of directors
Sherman Antitrust Act
First federal action against monopolies, it was signed into law by Harrison and was extensively used by Theodore Roosevelt for trust-busting. However, it was initially misused against labor unions

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