US History Chapter 12

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Unlike the North, revivalism in southern states did not
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Push for social reform
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Which of the following identifies a major goal of the early women’s rights activists?
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to free married women from laws that gave their husbands control of their property and children
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In practice, working-class families viewed the new public schools
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As depriving them of needed wage earners
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Why has the nineteenth century been identified as “the century of the child?”
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Parents had a new concern for children and families became child-centered.
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Which of the following was NOT a major change in middle-class family life during the nineteenth century?
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More and more women were forced to work outside the home.
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The first great practitioner of evangelical Calvinism was
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Lyman Beecher.
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Nineteenth century parents began using _______ to enforce good behavior among their children.
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Guilt
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The sociological basis for the Cult of Domesticity was
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a growing division of labor between men and women.
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The temperance movement
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addressed a very real social problem of the time.
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Which group was most active in the Underground Railroad?
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Free blacks in the north
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As a result of changes in the middle-class family, nineteenth-century children
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Increasingly became viewed as individuals
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Abolitionism received its greatest support in the
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small to medium-sized towns of the upper North.
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Which U.S. President received less than two years of formal education and sharpened his intellect thought participation in debating societies and lyceums?
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Abraham Lincoln
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Which statement below is true of the African colonization movement?
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It was opposed by African Americans in the North.
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What was the Second Great Awakening?
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A wave of religious revivals
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In addition to reading, writing, and arithmetic, mid-nineteenth-century public schools taught
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The Protestant Ethic
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In the early nineteenth century, American Protestant denominations strengthened religious values and increased church membership through
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Revivalism
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Why did Catharine Beecher argue that women should be schoolteachers?
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Women were best suited to instill virtues in young male children.
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The reform movement in New England began as a(n)
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effort to defend Calvinism against Enlightenment ideas.
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The chief example of the tie between revivalism and abolitionism was the career of
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Theodore Weld
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The most important function of the school in 1850 was seen as
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Moral Indocrination
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The Cult of Domesticity primarily affected the lives of
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relatively affluent women.
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Which group’s belief that the Deity was the benevolent architect of a rational universe particularly disturbed Reverend Timothy Dwight?
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Unitarians
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Lyman Beecher was most closely associated with which one of the following reform movements?
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Temperance
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Temperance reformers opposed consumption of alcohol for all of these reasons except the belief that alcohol
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consumption decreased business profits.
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Why did educational reformers sometimes think of the local school as a substitute for the family?
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They were worried that poor and immigrant families would not properly nurture their children.
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The radical abolitionist and cofounder of the American Anti-Slavery Society was
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William Lloyd Garrison.
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Each of the following was a result of the temperance campaign of the 1830s EXCEPT
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large numbers of confirmed drunkards were cured
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The “proper” sphere for middle-class white women in the nineteenth century was
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keeping house and raising a family.
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The Cult of Domesticity
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saw women as guardians of virtue within the family.
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The most influential spokesman for the common school movement was
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Horace Mann.
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Which statement best characterizes how evangelical culture changed the role of women in American society?
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Women became more confined to the home but became more important inside it.
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In 1848, at Seneca Fall, New York,
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the first national gathering of feminists took place
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This movement had the greatest influence on the development of the abolitionist movement.
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Second Great Awakening
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As a result of revivalism, Northern evangelicals were involved with each of the following EXCEPT
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Indian removal
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________ became one of the most significant leaders of the women’s rights movement.
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Elizabeth Cady Stanton
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The idea that people could conduct their lives completely free of sin is called
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Perfectionism
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The feminine subculture for many middle-class women during this era focused on
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Establishing a sense of solidarity with other women.
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What was the Washingtonian Society?
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a temperance group whose members discussed their struggles with alcoholism
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Which of the following individuals is INCORRECTLY matched with his or her reform movement?
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All of the above are correctly matched.
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The term “benevolent empire” referred to
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a group of missionary and reform societies that worked together.
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William Lloyd Garrison’s stand on _________ led to an open break in the abolitionist movement in the 1840s.
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women’s rights
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What was considered the main function of the family unit in the nineteenth century?
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To raise children
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Frederick Douglass was not
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A presidential candidate in 1868
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Which of the following identifies the typical attitude toward the abolitionist movement of working-class urban whites?
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They resisted abolitionism because they did not want to compete socially and economically with African Americans.
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How did radical revivalist Charles G. Finney violate Christian tradition?
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He allowed women to pray aloud in church.
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Which of the following identifies a key reason why society began focusing on childhood in the nineteenth century?
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Families got smaller and individual children became more highly valued.
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In what way do historians consider the abolitionist movement of the 1830s and 1840s a success?
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It brought the issue of slavery into the public consciousness.
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Why were relations between black and white abolitionists often tense?
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Black abolitionists protested that they did not have a fair share of influence and leadership positions in the movement.
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Abolitionism served as a catalyst for the ________ movement.
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Women’s Rights

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