US History A Review Test Answers

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Which of the following revoked southern blacks’ civil rights?
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local and state laws
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Why did the U.S. banking system need to be reformed in the early 1900s?
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The nation had no central authority to supervise banks.
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What was the impact of the Civil War on the South’s African American population?
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Many migrated north and west.
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What was one effect of industrialization in the North?
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It caused a middle class to emerge.
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What did the authors of the Constitution want to avoid?
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the support of a two-party system
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Horizontal integration differs from vertical integration in that it _____.
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consolidates many firms involved in the same business into one giant company
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The Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 _____.
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prohibited Chinese laborers from entering the country
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Battles on the frontier were mostly between which two groups?
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Native Americans and Patriots
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What was the name of the Union strategy to control the Mississippi River and split the Confederacy?
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Anaconda Plan
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How did capitalism fuel industrialization?
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by encouraging entrepreneurs to establish businesses
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What was one of John Marshall’s important accomplishments as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court?
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establishing the power of judicial review
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In the 1848 election, why were Whigs and Democrats forced to take a stand on slavery?
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The Free-Soil Party’s goal was to keep slavery out of the territories.
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How did the Emancipation Proclamation become a turning point in the Civil War?
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The war was now officially about slavery.
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Following the Pullman Strike, how did the Supreme Court rule in the case of In re Debs?
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The government had the authority to end labor strikes.
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Why did the Federalists favor ratification?
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They wanted a strong central government.
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Which woman founded the National Association of Colored Women to help African American families and those who were less fortunate?
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Ida B. Wells
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Many Progressive reformers targeted city officials who built corrupt organizations called _____.
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political machines
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The Farmers’ Alliance did which of the following?
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It established postal banks to provide farmers with low-interest loans.
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Why did the Confederate States of America write a constitution that prohibited importing slaves from other countries?
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to win the support of Britain and France
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What was the result of the Three-Fifths Compromise?
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more representation in Congress for southern states
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Why was the Seneca Falls Convention important?
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It was the first Women’s Rights Convention in the United States.
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Which of the following best describes the federal government under President William Howard Taft?
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It brought lawsuits against many corporations.
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What did the United States promise in the Monroe Doctrine?
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to stay out of European affairs
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What profession grew substantially with women’s participation during the Civil War?
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nursing
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What was the result of the XYZ Affair?
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It roused public sentiment against France.
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The growing immigrant population in the United States led to the creation of the _____.
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Know-Nothing Party
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During the 1870s, Supreme Court decisions _____.
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restricted the scope of the Fourteenth Amendment
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Why was the War of 1812 significant to the United States?
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It demonstrated that the new nation was likely to endure.
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Why was steerage considered the worst accommodations on ships traveling from Europe to America?
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Illness spread quickly through steerage because it was crowded and dirty.
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Which idea was a part of Lincoln’s plan for Reconstruction?
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The southern states had never really left the Union.
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Why did the Fugitive Slave Act anger Northerners?
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It contradicted the Wilmot Proviso.
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What important responsibility did the Second Continental Congress take on in May 1775?
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the war against Great Britain
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Which phrase best describes daily life for enslaved persons?
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backbreaking work from dawn to dusk
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Which term describes General Grant’s strategy for crushing the Confederacy after the Battle of Gettysburg?
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total war
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In what ways did cities attempt to solve the problems of crime and fire?
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Cities developed professional firefighting and police forces.
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In 1833, South Carolina threatened to secede from the Union if _____.
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the Supreme Court rejected the principle of nullification
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States that wanted a more democratic form of government with greater representation for the common people favored _____.
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a unicameral legislature
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Where did Spanish leaders seek to convert Indians to Christianity?
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missions
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Which statement best explains why the public school system created during Reconstruction was both a success and a failure?
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It allowed all southern children to get an education, but segregation made it expensive.
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Who seized power in an 1834 Mexico City revolt?
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Antonio López de Santa Anna

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