United States Government Pre-Test

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Which of the following is a true statement?
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Reserved powers are listed in the Constitution and belong to the state governments.
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Which statement best describes why the ruling of Gibbons v. Ogden is significant?
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It clarified the meaning of the commerce clause to say that national government has the right to regulate interstate commerce.
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Which of the following quotes best reflects the principle of popular sovereignty in the Declaration of Independence?
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“He has refused for a long time, after such dissolutions, to cause others to be elected.”
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Implied powers are those that are
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interpreted from the language of the Constitution as belonging to the national government
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The act of collaborating to write and send the Declaration of Independence reflected the principle of
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popular sovereignty
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Imagine the state of California passes a law to tax all banking activities within the state. Which of the following could happen?
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The national bank of the United States, or the Federal Reserve, could challenge the California law based on the McCulloch v. Maryland decision.
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Which of the following is a true statement about the Articles of Confederation?
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It created a strong legislative branch, a weak executive branch, and no judicial branch.
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The Constitution gives the legislative branch the power to
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establish postal service
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How does the U.S. Constitution reflect the principle of democracy?
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Most of the people can elect leaders and petition the government.
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Which of the following quotes best reflects the principle of natural rights in the Declaration of Independence?
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“For depriving us in many cases, of the benefits of Trial by Jury.”
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The Declaration of Independence reflected the idea of social contract because it
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said a new government must form due to the king’s actions
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The power to declare war is
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granted to the national government, not states
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The District of Columbia v. Heller case clarified the meaning of the
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Second Amendment
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The executive branch has the responsibility of
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enforcing laws passed by the legislative branch
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How did early American leaders think the Articles of Confederation would protect natural rights?
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They believed that keeping the federal government weak would protect the rights of the states and people.
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In the U.S. Constitution, the principle “separation of powers” is
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evident because the first three articles describe the three branches of government
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The “necessary and proper clause” is a phrase in the U.S. Constitution designed to protect the principle of
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rule of law
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The grievances listed in the Declaration of Independence were
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presented as evidence for the king’s breaking of the social contract
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Which of the following makes a true statement?
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Reserved powers are those that are exclusive to the states, such as ratifying amendments.
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The power to create and collect taxes is an example of
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a concurrent power
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Article Six of the Constitution illustrates how the national government’s power is
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derived from the states and the people
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Which of the following statements accurately describes the relationship between the principle of “separation of powers” and the Articles of Confederation?
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Because the Articles of Confederation created a central government that contained only a legislative branch, it does not reflect the principle of “separation of powers”.
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Under the Articles of Confederation, the principle of “republicanism” helps explain why
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state governments
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The framers of the Constitution believed that they created a government
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limited to the powers described in the document
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Article One of the Constitution describes the powers of the
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legislative branch, such as declaring war
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Under the Constitution, the principle of “federalism” is the reason that power and responsibility are
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shared by state and national governments
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The Articles of Confederation reflected the principle of federalism because it
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divided power between state and national governments
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Article Two of the Constitution describes the powers of the
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executive branch, such as enforcing laws
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Articles I, II, and III of the Constitution describe the
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powers of the branches of federal government
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How is the principle of “rule of law” evident in the Constitution?
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It creates a government that can make, enforce, and review its own laws.
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Every Bill which shall have passed the House of Representatives and the Senate, shall, before it become a Law, be presented to the President of the United States: If he approve he shall sign it, but if not he shall return it, with his Objections to that House in which it shall have originated…”-U.S. Constitution This quote directly reflects the principle of
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checks and balances
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The first three articles of the U.S. Constitution
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explain the powers delegated to the national government

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