Unit 3 Exam Review

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***Progressives
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shared a belief that industrialization and urbanization had created serious social and political problems.
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Muckrakers
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Socially conscious journalists who dramatized the need for reform were known as _______.
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***The Jungle
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Book written by Upton Sinclair that related the despair of immigrants working in Chicago’s stockyards.
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Hull House
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Settlement house in Chicago opened by Jane Addams in 1889.
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***The National Consumer League
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Organization that urged women to buy goods produced under fair, safe, and healthy working conditions.
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National Women’s Party
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Hundreds of members were arrested when they picketed outside the White House.
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Split in the Republican Party
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A bitter battle between Theodore Roosevelt and his successor, William H. Taft led to a ___.
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Federal Reserve Board
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The Federal Reserve Act placed national banks under the control of _____.
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Raw materials and natural resources located abroad
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One reason powerful nations rushed to grab colonies in the 1800s was the desire for ____.
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Social Darwinism
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The belief that life consists of competitive struggles in which only the fittest survive is known as ____.
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Open Door Policy
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An assertion of America’s desire for free trade with China
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\”Moral Diplomacy\”
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President Woodrow Wilson promised a foreign policy guided by ________.
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Growth of the automobile industry
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The ________ in the early 1900s led to the growth of other industries and of suburban communities.
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***Flapper
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The significant changes in the manners, morals, and mindset of many women in the 1920s came to be symbolized by the ____.
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***Scopes trial
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The ___ of 1925 pitted fundamentalists against supporters of the theory of evolution.
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Stock prices had risen to high because of speculation
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One of the main reasons for the 1929 stock market crash was that _____.
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Hoovervilles
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The Great Depression forced many Americans to live in shantytowns known as __.
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Emergency Banking Act
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The ______ gave President Roosevelt the authority to temporarily close banks while they got their accounts in order.
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Red Scare
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The fear that communist were working to destroy American life created a reaction known as the ____.
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Financial aid to veterans who wanted to go to college
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A key provision of the GI Bill of Rights
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The baby boom
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One American was born every 7 seconds during the peak of __________________.
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***Rock music
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_________ originated in the gospel and blues traditions of African Americans.
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***Emphasis on conformity
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Critics of the culture of the 1950s complained about its __________________.
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Beatniks
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Group of writers and artists who despised materialism and conformity.
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The Other America
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Michael Harrington’s book ______ shocked Americans in 1962 with its claim that 1/4 of Americans still lived in poverty.
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Rachel Carson’s Silent Spring
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Book that helped spark the environmental activity
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Trip to China
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The high point of President Nixon’s foreign policy efforts was his ______, which led to official recognition of that country.
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The counterculture
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Timothy Leary, communes, and the Haight-Ashbury district of San Francisco were part of ______.
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National Traffic and Motor Safety Vehicle Act
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This law was the result of the consumer rights movement of the 1960s.
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Contaminated by toxic chemicals
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In the late 1970s, the EPA determined that Love Canal, New York was ______.
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Sunbelt states became more political power
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How did the continued migration of Americans to the Sunbelt during the 1970s affect politics.
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The New Right
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__________ believed that federal welfare programs rewarded lack of effort and worsened poverty.
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AIDS
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____________ research funding increased substantially under George H.W. Bush
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Military strength
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President Ronald Reagan sought world peace through ____.
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Modernists
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_____________ stressed science and secular ideas rather than religious beliefs.
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Writers of the \”Lost Generation\”
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_______ often had a pessimistic, skeptical world view.
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Volunteerism and localism
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At first, what did President Hoover rely on to relieve the depression?
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He was a southerner with an unimpressive record on race issues.
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Why did Lyndon Johnson’s support for the Civil Rights Act of 1964 surprise many Americans?
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Turn over the tapes of Oval Office conversations
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In the case of United States v. Nixon, the Supreme Court ordered President Nixon to __.
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Made it easier for bootleggers to branch into other types of illegal activity
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How did Prohibition contribute to the growth of organized crime?
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***The Watergate scandal centered on
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____a cover up by the Nixon administration of its involvement in a burglary of Democratic Party headquarters.
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***Approval ratings for President George H. W. Bush _____
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skyrocketed in 1991 as a result of the U.S. victory in Operation Desert Storm

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