Unit 2 Test US History Persuasive Essay

Flashcard maker : Daphne Armenta
albany plan of union
plan proposed by Benjamin Franklin in 1754 that aimed to unite the 13 colonies for trade, military, and other purposes; the plan was turned down by the colonies and the Crown
ben franklin
A delegate from Pennsylvania and proposed the \”Albany Plan of the Union\” as a way to strengthen colonies.
treaty of paris 1763
Ended French and Indian War, France lost Canada, land east of the Mississippi, to British, New Orleans and west of Mississippi to Spain
reasons for taxation
Pay off debt from the French and Indian War. Assert authority over the colonies. Help pay for the cost of having British troops defend the American frontier.
no taxation without representation
reflected the colonists’ belief that they should not be taxed because they had no direct representatives in Parliament
causes of the revolution
1) The economic and financial crisis that led to the calling of the Estates General. 2) The political incompetence of Louis XV and XVI. 3) The unfair taxation between the three estates
proclamation of 1763
law forbidding english colonists to settle west of the appalachian mountains
quartering act
an act passed by the British that allowed British troops to live in the homes of the colonists
stamp act
A tax that the British Pariliament placed on newspapers and official documents sold in the American Colonies
stamp act congress
group of colonists who protested the Stamp Act, saying that Parliament couldn’t tax without colonist’ consent
boston tea party
demonstration (1773) by citizens of Boston who (disguised as Indians) raided three British ships in Boston harbor and dumped hundreds of chests of tea into the harbor
intolerable acts
A series of laws set up by Parliament to punish Massachusetts for its protests against the British
1st continental congress
September 1774, 12 delegates met in Philly to discuss the Intolerable Acts, only Georgia did not attend. The result was a boycott on all British goods, stop exporting goods to Britain, and they urged each colony to set up and train it’s own militia.
2nd continental congress
Group of men who became the United States 1st Government. Responsible for \”Declaration of Independence\”.
George Washington
Virginian, patriot, general, and president. Lived at Mount Vernon. Led the Revolutionary Army in the fight for independence. First President of the United States.
king george
leader of England during the American revolutionary war. he was blamed for the loss of the 13 colonies
olive branch petition
final peace offer sent by the Second Continental Congress to King George III
common sense
a pamphlet written by Thomas Paine that claimed the colonies had a right to be an independent nation
declaration of independence
The document approved by representatives of the American colonies in 1776 that stated their grievances against the British monarch and declared their independence.
thomas jefferson
He was a delegate from Virginia at the Second Continental Congress and wrote the Declaration of Independence. He later served as the third President of the United States.
unalienable rights
These rights are fundamental or natural rights guaranteed to people naturally instead of by the law. They include life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.
lexington and concord
The first battle of the Revolution in which British general Thomas Gage went after the stockpiled weapons of the colonists in Concord, Massachusetts.
saratoga
A battle that took place in New York where the Continental Army defeated the British. It proved to be the turning point of the war. This battle ultimately had France to openly support the colonies with military forces in addition to the supplies and money already being sent.
valley forge
Place where Washington’s army spent the winter of 1777-1778, a 4th of troops died here from disease and malnutriton, Steuben comes and trains troops
yorktown
The last major battle of the war in which Charles Cornwallis surrendered to George Washington. The French helped us. The was over, and colonists had won!
treaty of paris 1783
Treaty Between England and the Colonies , formally ended the American Revolutionary War
challenges after the revolution
hard to create government, debt
republicanism
the political orientation of those who hold that a republic is the best form of government

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