U.S. History: Chapter 11

As the 1920’s progressed, farm incomes
declined.

African Americans in the 1920’s faced discrimination especially in
the South, where the Jim Crow laws were in effect

How did Prohibition contribute to the growth of organized crime?
by making it easier for bootleggers to branch into other types of illegal activity

In 1933, Congress repealed Prohibition with the
Twenty-first Amendment

In towns such as New York, Chicago, and Cleveland,
black middle and upper classes emerged.

What was the condition of America’s economy following World War I?
There was a brief recession, followed by economic growth.

What was a major result of Henry Ford’s innovative manufacturing techniques?
The sale price of cars went down.

The demand for automobiles in the 1920’s
stimulated growth in many other industries.

Buying stock on margin remained profitable as long as
stock prices rose.

During the 1920’s, American farmers as a group
suffered economically.

Presidents Harding and Coolidge favored policies that
aided the growth of business.

As President G. Harding
reduced the regulations on businesses put into place by the Progressives.

President Coolidge believed that the creation of wealth
benefitted the nation as a whole.

Under President Coolidge, the nation economy
boomed.

In the 1920’s, how did most national leaders hope to go about avoiding the war?
by avoiding close interaction with other nations

What was the largest cultural split in 1920s America?
between urban Americans and rural Americans

Why was formal education more important for urban Americans than rural Americans?
Most higher-paying jobs in the cities required a formal education.

At it’s heart, the Scopes Trial was a clash between
religion and science.

Why were nativists opposed to immigration?
They feared the loss of jobs and damage to America’s tradition.

Between which two years was the most significant increase in the number of motor vehicles sold?
1922 and 1923

How was Henry ford able to reduce the sale price of the Model T?
Ford put his cars on moving assembly lines and reduced the time it took to make a car.

The American movie industry was controlled by a handful of huge studios in
Hollywood, California.

The “New Woman” of the 1920s
rejected Victorian morality.

How did consumer economy of the 1920s affect the lives of women?
It made life easier for urban women.

Why did so many African Americans migrate north throughout the 1920s?
for a chance at a better future

Jazz was
an American hybrid of African American and European music forms.

The literature of the Harlem Renaissance
explored the pains and joys of being black in America

Where had most African Americans in the 1920s Harlem come from?
They had moved there from the South and the Caribbean.

Why is Louis Armstrong considered a jazz legend?
for his ability to play the trumpet and his subtle sense of improvisation

Who is depicted in the photograph?
New Women known as flappers

Which of the following statements about women in the 1920s is true?
Not all women wanted to be flappers, but many wanted to challenge political, economic, social, and educational boundaries.

Which of the following would be studied by scientific management experts?
the number of steps between a stockpile of parts and an assembly line

Why were American writers of the 1920s referred to as the “Lost Generation”?
They lost their faith in the existing cultural guideposts.

How did the influence of jazz spread across the country so rapidly?
Photograph records and radio introduced the music to wider audiences.

How did the Indian Citizenship Act of 1924 affect Native Americans?
It made them United States citizens

wealthy banker who served in the Harding administration
Andrew Mellon

set the theories of Charles Darwin against fundamentalism
Scopes Trial

agreement intended to settle international debts from World War I
Dawes Plan

1920s cultural outpouring associated with African Americans
Harlem Renaissance

first film with synchronized sound
The Jazz Singer

wrote the pain and pride of being black
Langston Hughes

manufacturing method in which each worker preforms one step
mass production

psychologist who stressed the importance of the unconscious mind
Sigmund Freud

targeted blacks, Jews, Catholics, and immigrants
Ku Klux Klan

A period during which the value of stocks increases
bull market

What was made illegal in the United States in 1919? What condition was placed on its legalization in 1933?
In 1919, alcohol became illegal. In 1933 it was repealed, but the citizens could not transport it.

What was the purpose of the Washington Naval Disarmament Conference and the Kellogg-Briand Pact?
The purpose of the WNDC was to limit the amount of money spent for military build-up. The Kellogg-Briand Act was an agreement to outlaw war signed on August 27, 1928.