U.S. GOV. FINAL EXAM CHAP 13 – Flashcards

question
When the Affordable Care Act was implemented, the primary problem was that
answer
d. the web site citizens had to use to obtain insurance did not work.
question
A large, complex organization in which employees have specific job responsibilities and work within a hierarchy of authority is a(n)
answer
d. bureaucracy.
question
Organizations can be chiefly defined by their
answer
e. All of these choices are true.
question
In the governments of modern societies, bureaucracies
answer
still play a central role.
question
The success of the British with respect to defending their ships from U-boats was based on
answer
c. centralization and communication.
question
As measured by comparing U.S. government expenditures as a proportion of all economic activity, the United States
answer
b. has one of the smallest governments among Western democracies.
question
Government regulation of business grew in response to the realization that
answer
a. a laissez-faire approach does not always result in competitive markets.
question
8. One of the reasons why bureaucracies are much larger in other countries is that
answer
c. they offer more social services, such as government-paid health care.
question
9. ______________ is not a reason cited by the text for the growth of government?
answer
c. Election and appointment of "left-leaning Social Democratic" government officials
question
10. The government began to take steps to provide income security in the wake of
answer
c. the Great Depression.
question
11. Social Security was instituted by the government in the
answer
c. 1960s.
question
12. In response to the constant cry for reduction in the size of the bureaucracy, the government typically
answer
a. reduces the number of bureaucrats.d. turns over jobs to nonprofit organizations or private contractors.
question
13. __________ created new bureaucracies to administer new programs for health care and oversight of the financial services industry.
answer
b. Barack Obama
question
14. The Department of ________ is the largest government department in terms of number of employees.
answer
Defense
question
15. The biggest units of the executive branch are termed _________ and are headed by __________.
answer
e. departments; secretaries
question
16. The CIA is a good example of a federal
answer
a. independent agency.
question
17. The larger governmental departments tend to focus on the nation's
answer
a. security.
question
18. Which of the following departments has the highest number of civilian employees?
answer
b. Veterans Affairs
question
19. Regulatory commissions are usually run with an odd number of commissioners
answer
b. to prevent tie votes.
question
20. Government corporations are best described as
answer
d. government agencies that provide services that could be provided by the private sector.
question
21. Government corporations are most likely to be created when a service is for the public good and
answer
c. there is the danger of corporate monopoly if the government fails to act.
question
22. The U.S. Postal Service and Amtrak are examples of
answer
d. government corporations.
question
23. The national bureaucracy is staffed by roughly 2. 8 million civilian employees, who account for about __________ percent of the U.S. work force.
answer
a. 2
question
24. The civil service was created after President Garfield was assassinated by a(n)
answer
c. mentally unbalanced job seeker.
question
25. The purpose of the Pendleton Act of 1883 was to
answer
e. reduce patronage by creating a civil service.
question
26. The civil service system was created to
answer
a. ensure equal partisanship in filling government jobs.
question
27. The central feature of the civil service system is
answer
b. the fitting of job openings to agencies' needs.
question
A president can appoint about three thousand people to jobs in their administration, which represents __________ of all executive branch employees.
answer
c. less than 1 percent
question
29. Presidential appointees in the executive branch fill the top policymaking positions in government, and some 1000 of them require
answer
d. U.S. Senate confirmation.
question
30. The bureaucracy may not be fully responsive to a president's wishes because
answer
a. pluralist pressures may pull the agency in a direction other than that favored by the president.
question
31. In recent years, morale of government employees has
answer
a. declined, in part because of congressional budget actions.
question
32. Presidents can exert considerable influence over agency policymaking by
answer
a. appointing administrators sympathetic to their policy goals.
question
33. According to the text, a primary reason for low morale among federal employees is
answer
b. budget cuts resulting in staff reductions with no corresponding work output expectations.
question
34. New cabinet departments or agencies can be created
answer
c. by congressional law.
question
35. Committees can "punish" an agency by
answer
d. cutting its budget, altering a key program, and holding up the confirmation of nominees.
question
36. The legal powers of bureaucratic agencies derive from
answer
c. a constitutional mandate.
question
37. Congress has a tendency to grant _________ discretion to those agencies involved in domestic and global security.
answer
a. the broadest range of
question
An example of the broad power available to federal agencies in 2013 was the FDA banning ________ from foods.
answer
e. trans fats
question
39. Rules that guide the operation of government programs are termed
answer
regulations
question
After an ExpressJet flight kept 47 passengers on board an aircraft overnight in Rochester, New York, the Department of Transportation announced a new set of rules limiting tarmac waits to
answer
c. no more than three hours.
question
The airline industry claimed that the new Department of Transportation rules limiting passenger tarmac waits on a plane would
answer
a. create longer delays.
question
As a result of numerous high-profile incidents, at the end of 2009 the Department of Transportation issued regulations that
answer
e. had the effect of reducing extended tarmac delays to nearly zero.
question
Which of the following is not accurate with respect to the ideal, rational decision-making process described by Charles Lindblom?
answer
d. It represents the typical behavior of government decision-makers.
question
44. The rational-comprehensive model of policymaking is unrealistic because
answer
a. it is difficult for policymakers to define precise values and goals.
question
45. Often, the theoretically correct, or rational, policy is not enacted because
answer
e. the "right" policy is politically unacceptable.
question
According to Charles Lindblom, policymaking tends to be characterized by ________, with policies and programs changing bit by bit, step-by-step.
answer
c. incrementalism
question
47. According to the text, the Obama administration's bailout of the financial services industry was
answer
e. an example of government intervention that was to be expected, given recent antecedents in current policy.
question
In implementing the Individuals with Disabilities Act (IDEA), school administrators frequently offer families fewer services than the law calls for because
answer
c. school administrators don't have enough money to provide services to all qualifying students.
question
49. Bureaucrats "go by the book" because
answer
d. they operate only within their narrow specialization.
question
50. During the Bush administrations struggle against terrorism,
answer
a. many suspected terrorists were subjected to torture, though some were not actually involved in terrorism.
question
51. Implementation of policies is often difficult because of all but which of the following reasons?
answer
e. After policies are implemented, they must still undergo the development stage.
question
52. Putting specific policies into operation is known as _____________.
answer
implementation
question
53. Among the important reasons government programs are not implemented successfully is that
answer
. the government sometimes attempts to implement programs that are not well-suited to bureaucracies.
question
Because they believe it will promote efficiency and a growing economy, _________ have been champions of deregulation.
answer
c. conservatives.
question
The thorough and lengthy process the FDA uses to evaluate drugs was validated by the controversy involving
answer
c. thalidomide.
question
56. Upon taking office, Barack Obama's regulatory agencies
answer
a. began to issue regulations at a faster rate than George W. Bush's agencies.
question
___________________ is not one of the reasons government has continued to expand the extent of its regulatory authority.
answer
b. Enforcing consistent regulatory standards among the states
question
If Google actually produces a driverless car, the text anticipates that government will be quick to regulate it because
answer
c. safety this new technology would have to be monitored.
question
59. Which act held agencies accountable for their performance?
answer
a. The Government Performance and Results Act
question
60. One significant difficulty with the initial No Child Left Behind law was that
answer
d. states were allowed to set their own standards for what constituted acceptable student performance
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question
When the Affordable Care Act was implemented, the primary problem was that
answer
d. the web site citizens had to use to obtain insurance did not work.
question
A large, complex organization in which employees have specific job responsibilities and work within a hierarchy of authority is a(n)
answer
d. bureaucracy.
question
Organizations can be chiefly defined by their
answer
e. All of these choices are true.
question
In the governments of modern societies, bureaucracies
answer
still play a central role.
question
The success of the British with respect to defending their ships from U-boats was based on
answer
c. centralization and communication.
question
As measured by comparing U.S. government expenditures as a proportion of all economic activity, the United States
answer
b. has one of the smallest governments among Western democracies.
question
Government regulation of business grew in response to the realization that
answer
a. a laissez-faire approach does not always result in competitive markets.
question
8. One of the reasons why bureaucracies are much larger in other countries is that
answer
c. they offer more social services, such as government-paid health care.
question
9. ______________ is not a reason cited by the text for the growth of government?
answer
c. Election and appointment of "left-leaning Social Democratic" government officials
question
10. The government began to take steps to provide income security in the wake of
answer
c. the Great Depression.
question
11. Social Security was instituted by the government in the
answer
c. 1960s.
question
12. In response to the constant cry for reduction in the size of the bureaucracy, the government typically
answer
a. reduces the number of bureaucrats.d. turns over jobs to nonprofit organizations or private contractors.
question
13. __________ created new bureaucracies to administer new programs for health care and oversight of the financial services industry.
answer
b. Barack Obama
question
14. The Department of ________ is the largest government department in terms of number of employees.
answer
Defense
question
15. The biggest units of the executive branch are termed _________ and are headed by __________.
answer
e. departments; secretaries
question
16. The CIA is a good example of a federal
answer
a. independent agency.
question
17. The larger governmental departments tend to focus on the nation's
answer
a. security.
question
18. Which of the following departments has the highest number of civilian employees?
answer
b. Veterans Affairs
question
19. Regulatory commissions are usually run with an odd number of commissioners
answer
b. to prevent tie votes.
question
20. Government corporations are best described as
answer
d. government agencies that provide services that could be provided by the private sector.
question
21. Government corporations are most likely to be created when a service is for the public good and
answer
c. there is the danger of corporate monopoly if the government fails to act.
question
22. The U.S. Postal Service and Amtrak are examples of
answer
d. government corporations.
question
23. The national bureaucracy is staffed by roughly 2. 8 million civilian employees, who account for about __________ percent of the U.S. work force.
answer
a. 2
question
24. The civil service was created after President Garfield was assassinated by a(n)
answer
c. mentally unbalanced job seeker.
question
25. The purpose of the Pendleton Act of 1883 was to
answer
e. reduce patronage by creating a civil service.
question
26. The civil service system was created to
answer
a. ensure equal partisanship in filling government jobs.
question
27. The central feature of the civil service system is
answer
b. the fitting of job openings to agencies' needs.
question
A president can appoint about three thousand people to jobs in their administration, which represents __________ of all executive branch employees.
answer
c. less than 1 percent
question
29. Presidential appointees in the executive branch fill the top policymaking positions in government, and some 1000 of them require
answer
d. U.S. Senate confirmation.
question
30. The bureaucracy may not be fully responsive to a president's wishes because
answer
a. pluralist pressures may pull the agency in a direction other than that favored by the president.
question
31. In recent years, morale of government employees has
answer
a. declined, in part because of congressional budget actions.
question
32. Presidents can exert considerable influence over agency policymaking by
answer
a. appointing administrators sympathetic to their policy goals.
question
33. According to the text, a primary reason for low morale among federal employees is
answer
b. budget cuts resulting in staff reductions with no corresponding work output expectations.
question
34. New cabinet departments or agencies can be created
answer
c. by congressional law.
question
35. Committees can "punish" an agency by
answer
d. cutting its budget, altering a key program, and holding up the confirmation of nominees.
question
36. The legal powers of bureaucratic agencies derive from
answer
c. a constitutional mandate.
question
37. Congress has a tendency to grant _________ discretion to those agencies involved in domestic and global security.
answer
a. the broadest range of
question
An example of the broad power available to federal agencies in 2013 was the FDA banning ________ from foods.
answer
e. trans fats
question
39. Rules that guide the operation of government programs are termed
answer
regulations
question
After an ExpressJet flight kept 47 passengers on board an aircraft overnight in Rochester, New York, the Department of Transportation announced a new set of rules limiting tarmac waits to
answer
c. no more than three hours.
question
The airline industry claimed that the new Department of Transportation rules limiting passenger tarmac waits on a plane would
answer
a. create longer delays.
question
As a result of numerous high-profile incidents, at the end of 2009 the Department of Transportation issued regulations that
answer
e. had the effect of reducing extended tarmac delays to nearly zero.
question
Which of the following is not accurate with respect to the ideal, rational decision-making process described by Charles Lindblom?
answer
d. It represents the typical behavior of government decision-makers.
question
44. The rational-comprehensive model of policymaking is unrealistic because
answer
a. it is difficult for policymakers to define precise values and goals.
question
45. Often, the theoretically correct, or rational, policy is not enacted because
answer
e. the "right" policy is politically unacceptable.
question
According to Charles Lindblom, policymaking tends to be characterized by ________, with policies and programs changing bit by bit, step-by-step.
answer
c. incrementalism
question
47. According to the text, the Obama administration's bailout of the financial services industry was
answer
e. an example of government intervention that was to be expected, given recent antecedents in current policy.
question
In implementing the Individuals with Disabilities Act (IDEA), school administrators frequently offer families fewer services than the law calls for because
answer
c. school administrators don't have enough money to provide services to all qualifying students.
question
49. Bureaucrats "go by the book" because
answer
d. they operate only within their narrow specialization.
question
50. During the Bush administrations struggle against terrorism,
answer
a. many suspected terrorists were subjected to torture, though some were not actually involved in terrorism.
question
51. Implementation of policies is often difficult because of all but which of the following reasons?
answer
e. After policies are implemented, they must still undergo the development stage.
question
52. Putting specific policies into operation is known as _____________.
answer
implementation
question
53. Among the important reasons government programs are not implemented successfully is that
answer
. the government sometimes attempts to implement programs that are not well-suited to bureaucracies.
question
Because they believe it will promote efficiency and a growing economy, _________ have been champions of deregulation.
answer
c. conservatives.
question
The thorough and lengthy process the FDA uses to evaluate drugs was validated by the controversy involving
answer
c. thalidomide.
question
56. Upon taking office, Barack Obama's regulatory agencies
answer
a. began to issue regulations at a faster rate than George W. Bush's agencies.
question
___________________ is not one of the reasons government has continued to expand the extent of its regulatory authority.
answer
b. Enforcing consistent regulatory standards among the states
question
If Google actually produces a driverless car, the text anticipates that government will be quick to regulate it because
answer
c. safety this new technology would have to be monitored.
question
59. Which act held agencies accountable for their performance?
answer
a. The Government Performance and Results Act
question
60. One significant difficulty with the initial No Child Left Behind law was that
answer
d. states were allowed to set their own standards for what constituted acceptable student performance