Tourism is important to each country, it is considered as the largest source that makes foreign currency flow into the country. Some countries have few tourist resources, such as Tunisia, and they are trying to develop them to attract visitors from all over the world. While there are other countries God has gifted them with the best natural resources or their history have added to their glory, such as Egypt. These countries are trying to preserve them to get the optimal benefit out of their treasures.In any country, tourism depends on the tourists themselves, who are defined in the work paper that was issued by the Egyptian Center for Economic studies as “visitors who stay at least one night in a collective or private accommodation in the country visited” visiting the country sceneries (qtd.
in Tohamy and Swinscoe 8). The reason that makes any country fight to strengthen its tourism is because of its belief that tourism plays an important role in the economy of its nation. Take for example Egypt, which is one of the few countries that possess as both natural beauty and a glorious colorful history.Both these two elements have put it firmly on the global map of tourism.
Egypt with all its magnificent amazing scenery, attractive beaches, museums and ancient historical monuments such as the Pyramids which is considered one of the seven wonders of the world, the best climate all the year round. Yet the government is not investing its maximum effort to attract the maximum number of tourists, and in making the national tourism flourish. The Egyptian government does not know how...
to protect and preserve its treasurers and to use its available resources.Moreover, the statistics that are reported by the Egyptian Center for Economic studies state that 5. 7% of the total employment in Egypt is in tourism (qtd.
in Tohamy and Swinscoe 15). In addition, a book that was prepared by Al-Magaalis Al-Qawmiyyah Al-Mutakhassissah (Professional National Councils in tourism) in 1980, stated that the expected number of tourists in the year 2000 is 20 million tourists, and that the outcome of the touristic revenue to the country could reach 10 times more than that achieved in 1980, approximately 439 million dollars (AL-SIYAAHAH… 7-20). But, unfortunately, that didn’t materialize, which will be explained later on.
However, the opposite happened, as shown in the article that is in the Middle East Economic Digest, it shows that the revenue coming to Egypt from tourism has dropped from 478 million dollars in 1978 to 351 million dollars in 1982 (Thurgood). Moreover. The government admitted that tourism is important.Since, Minister of Tourism in 1982, Tawfik Abou Ismail, said that “As one of the four main foreign currency earners – to spend their annual leave visiting the Pyramids, diving among some of the world’s finest coral reefs in the Red Sea, or simply soaking up the Mediterranean sun” (qtd. in Thurgood).
And Dr. Mamdouh El Beltagie, recent Minister of Tourism, said, “tourism benefits the economy, since more sales, jobs and foreign currency are given or paid by the tourists” (qtd. Tohamy and Swinscoe 27).It would take me a
long as the research paper in length to list the amazing things in Egypt that can attract the tourists of different ages and culture categories, but an article written in Al-Ahram weekly emphasized that “in Ras Mohamed in the Red Sea there are 1000 of living species and 150 type of corals” (“A Thousand and…
“). And a reporter in the Geographic Magazine, described his diving experience by saying that “corals are in every place, there is 500 square kilometers plateau that rises from the sea floor, over 1000 meters deep up to about 200 meters below the sea surface.Dotted over this plateau are numerous unexplored coral reefs which reach to dust below the water surface” (Parsons). That is only one single and small touristic site in Egypt.
Thus, can you imagine how Egypt is magnificent. Unfortunately, the Egyptian government does not know how to protect and preserve its sources and make the best use of them. Last summer while at the Pyramids in Giza, I saw a group of boys playing football, and was using the huge granite stones to set their goal. In addition to the playing boys, the tourists themselves were picking up these granite stones to take with them.
Police officers were around simply watching. No one made an effort to stop either the boys or tourists from taking these granite stones. It might look so simple, but the big issue around it is that officials themselves see the destruction and do not act. Last year, I had the chance to work in summer as an intern at the Fulbright Commission. I was assisting a group of Senior Professors who were attending a summer seminar workshop organized by the Fulbright.
They had a huge schedule that allowed them to visit and tour various sites of Egypt.One of the places we visited was the Qayt A Bay Citadel. Our visit was almost a month later to the incident of the stolen golden coins that took place at the citadel. It was very obvious that it could happen very easily. The security system looked weak.
Only one police guard was sitting watching 25 television screens in an uncomfortable room. Which is not fair neither to the place nor to the guard, because the environment makes him unable to concentrate, and there is no way that he can watch the 25 screens at the same time.And recently, while I was reading Al-Ahram, I found a report made on the ancient granite painting that was stolen from a pharonic tomb. Investigations showed that the thieves took a very long time in cutting it from its place and steeling it. That of course is due to the lack of supervision. Moreover, the painting is very valuable to the extent that the monument scientists are not able to price it (Bakry).
In addition to other incidents happen, like stolen tombs and pharaonic monuments, paintings from museums, and unfortunately the government takes actions after the occurrence of the problems.Moreover, tourism in Egypt does not mean historical places and ancient Egypt only. It extends to the magnificent beaches either on the Mediterranean Sea or the
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