Pharaohs of Egypt
Arguably, there is no ancient civilization more famous and well-known than that of the Egyptians’. This civilization took place in the eastern part of North America along the lower parts of the Nile river. The availability of the river and its fertile banks allowed the civilization to prosper, but it is the presence of its powerful kings that enabled it to flourish. These kings, which the Ancient Egyptians refer to as the pharaohs, have the ultimate control in Egypt. They were the leaders who commanded the resources, both natural and human of a desert country that relied on a river that as as deadly as it was helpful.
Despite all this, the civilization still managed to thrive, under the management of their pharaoh. Through the influence of this leader, the Egyptians were able to first, be united under one rule, and then thrive even in the face of the harsh conditions of the desert. Moreover, it was the same leader that organized the Egyptians and their resources into building the pyramids that Egypt is so well-known for today. Under the pharaohs direction, not only were the Egyptians able to withstand the harsh conditions of their environment, they were also able to accomplish great architectural feats that astound even the modern world.
Thus, it is the aim of this paper to gain insight into the world of the Egyptian leader – to understand how he ascends to power, and the duties and roles he faces as the king of a nation. Not all pharaohs were studied for this paper, however, and only the pharaohs that are well-known for their accomplishments and contributions to their civilization were focused on. The effect of a leader to his or her civilization is tremendous, and it is what he or she does with this effect that can dictate the progress of his or her society.
Today, most especially at this crucial Juncture when it is time once again to elect new leaders, it is important that we understand and learn, from the leaders of the past, Just how important and crucial a good leader, who has gained the right knowledge and skills, understands his duties and roles, and performs them religiously, is to his or her society. DEFINITION OF TERMS * Ammo or Amman – early, a god of air and wind. Later, a fertility god. The Creator of all things. During the New Kingdom he became “The king of the gods”. * Eaten – gained its prominence during the reign of Generate.
The heretic king made an effort it seems, to unite all the peoples of Egypt under one god. He abolished the traditional cults of Egypt and replaced them with the Eaten. * Cult- a person holding an opinion at odds with what is generally accepted. * Eradicate – to do away or clean up with as completely as if by pulling up by the roots. * Hitter – a member of an ancient people who established an empire in Asia Minor and Syria that flourished from c. 1700 to c. 1200 B. C. * Hours – a god regarded as the protector of the monarchy, and typically represented as a falcon-headed man. Obelisk – a tone pillar, typically having a square or rectangular cross section and a pyramidal top, set up as a monument or landmark. * Souris – the king and Judge of the dead, the husband and brother of Isis, and the father (or brother) of Hours, usually depicted as a man, partly wrapped as a mummy, having a beard and wearing the crown * Pyramid – an ancient massive structure found especially in Egypt having typically a square ground plan, outside walls In ten Tort AT Tour triangles Tanat meet in a point at the top, and inner sepulchral chambers. Regalia – royal rights or prerogatives. Regent – a person appointed to administer a country because the monarch is a minor or is absent or incapacitated. * Vizier – a civil officer in ancient Egypt having vice regal powers. I II. THE PHARAOH A. ETYMOLOGY Pharaoh is a title used in many modern discussions of the rulers of all Ancient Egyptian dynasties. The title originates in the term “pr-AAA” or “per-o,” formed from the two words “pr,” meaning great and “AAA,” meaning house; thus, “great house. ” This term was initially used to describe the royal palace.
The first recorded use of the word pharaoh with reference to the king was during the reign of Generate, in the diddle of the 14th century BC, and it only started being used as a title during the New Kingdom (around 1600 to 1100 SC), specifically during the middle of the eighteenth dynasty, after the reign of Hatchets. From the nineteenth dynasty onwards, it was then used regularly and interchangeably with “hem. F,” which meant “His Majesty. ” B. ASCENDANCY Becoming a pharaoh is a dangerous and haphazard process, for any member of the royal family could become pharaoh.
Being the most true blood member of the royal household was complicated, for incest was common and, indeed, expected. The harsh was forbidden to marry anyone outside of his immediate family, lest the divine blood be contaminated by an inferior strain. Members of the same family would intermarry in order to assure that their descendants had the best claim to the throne. There were also the intrigues, for the pharaoh can have many lesser wives apart from his chief wife, the “Great Royal Wife” or “Chief King’s Wife. Thus, a political astute mother could insure the ascendancy of her offspring to the throne by eliminating, politically or physically, Pharaohs designated heir. C. POWER However, once the heir becomes the pharaoh, his rule is absolute. The Ancient Egyptians saw their king as divine. The pharaoh was considered either the living form of the falcon god Hours, the son of the sun god Amman Ra, or the posthumous son of the divine king, lord of the dead and god of the afterlife, Souris.
As such, the pharaoh was the most powerful person in Egypt, and he (or she) held the titles, “The Lord of the Two Lands,” and “High Priest of Every Temple. ” After the unification at around 3050 BC, he ruled both the Upper and Lower Egypt, as is represented by his double crown – the White Crown of Upper (South) Egypt and the Red Crown of Lower (North) Egypt, in a combination called the “sachem. ” This crown was oftentimes fitted with a striped headlock, the “names. ” The crown, along with the false beard, the crook and the flail were important symbols of the pharaohs majesty, royalty and authority.
D. ROLES AND DUTIES The pharaoh was the embodiment of all aspects of the Egyptian state: he was the chief arbiter over all humans, protecting the weak from the powerful, the head of the administration, be it ‘civil’ or ‘religious’, the representative of the country toward Torrent powers, anon ten commander-Len-cancel AT ten armed Tortes. Nonsmoker as divine and the high priest of all the gods, the pharaoh was an intermediary between mortals and gods during his or her lifetime. His main Job was to ensure that the gods would bless Egypt with a great Nile flood, which would produce bountiful harvest.
He did this by being responsible for the establishment and maintenance of “matt” (order) and stood against the powers of chaos that threatened Egypt stability. In theory, the pharaoh was the high priest in every temple, although in actuality his role was often delegated to priests, his chief subordinates. In temple art, forever, it is always the king who is shown performing the cult rituals and thus eternally caring for the gods and goddesses who dwell within. In terms of political roles, the Pharaoh was not above the law but subject to it.
The Pharaoh watched over the law courts and was the chief of the temples. The pharaoh had a vizier or prime minister, a royal treasurer, a chief architect, a superintendent of public works, a chief justice and forty-two monarchs serving as provincial governors of the Egyptian civilization. As the commander-in-chief of all the armies, the pharaoh was trained room youth to be a warrior, and he traditionally led the army in battle. Ancient Egyptian soldiers were the main ingredient of what made ancient Egypt a great civilization.
The military might of ancient Egypt was what translated the pharaohs ideas and tactics into a reality. It is also what kept ancient Egypt continuous for over 3,000 years. The victory of the Egyptian military would not be attained without the army leader. E. DEATH The death of the pharaoh was accompanied by a formal announcement, “The falcon is flown to heaven and (his successor) is arisen in his place”. It is interesting to note the similarity with the more modern phrase, “The King is dead, long live the king”.
It normally took about three months to bury the newly deceased pharaoh in his tomb in the Valley of the Kings on the West Bank across from modern Luxury. This was because the embalming process was complex, and included a period of 70 days when the dead pharaohs body was immersed in matron, a type of salt and a primary ingredient to the mummification process. After the immersion in matron, the body was wrapped in first one layer of bandages, on which protective amulets were laid in pacific places, and then a second layer of broader bandages.
The second layer of bandages were first soaked in resin and aromatic essential oils. Once the funeral procession reached the tomb, the coffin was stood upright. Now the high priest, and at times even the new pharaoh, would perform the Opening of the Mouth ceremony. This procedure was believed to restore the dead pharaohs senses, as well as his use of speech and ability to eat and drink. After the Opening of the Mouth ceremony, the dead king was finally carried to the monumental stone sarcophagus deep in the tomb’s burial chamber.
After he was placed in this sarcophagus and the heavy cover carved in high relief was affixed, family, friends and other dignitaries would attend a funeral banquet, while workmen sealed the tomb. Ill. FAMOUS EGYPTIAN PHARAOHS There are 31 dynasties in Ancient Egypt, and an estimated number of 322 known pharaohs. There may still be some pharaohs that have not been discovered, and the debate is still going on as to whether or not advisors that served during the Intermediate pergolas snouts also De consolable as pompanos.
A Tee pompanos stand out, however, for their achievements and contributions to the Ancient Egyptian violation. A. CHUFF (2551 – 2528) The second pharaoh of the fourth dynasty, Chuff is most famous for building the Great Pyramid at Gaza. His full name is “Chunk-Chaffy,” meaning “the god Chunk protect me,” and he is also known as Cheeps because of the late Greek influence on Egypt. Chuff was the son of the great pyramid builder Snuffer, and Headphones l. While mainstream Speleologists believe that Chuff was Snuffer’s son, this is only because of the tradition that the eldest son or selected descendant inherits the throne.
Doubt is cast on this theory because Headphones does not bear the title of “kings wife,” which is essential to confirming a queen’s royal status, and only bear the title of the “biological daughter of a god. ” Moreover, Headphones is buried close to Chuff, and not in the necropolis of her husband, which was the tradition for a pharaohs wife. Researchers now believe that while Snuffer is only the stepfather of Chuff, he legitimated Chuff’s rank through marriage to Chuff’s mother, and the naming of his mother as the daughter of a god. He succeeded his stepfather when he was in his early twenties.
Although his stepfather was known to be benevolent, Chuff was described by the Greek historian Herodotus as cruel and wicked, citing how Chuff prostituted his daughter to gain money. This account, however, is countered by the Westward Papyrus, which describes Chuff as the traditional oriental monarch: good-natured, amiable to his inferiors and interested in the nature of human existence and magic. Chuff started work on his great pyramid as soon as he came to throne. Standing at 481 feet tall, this wonder gives proof of Chuff’s ability to organize his people.
There was an extremely large amount of manpower necessary to build the Great pyramid and its surrounding complex and tombs. However, current theories now advocate that the pyramid was not built through slave labor, as what Herodotus believed, but through conscripted labor. Ironically, very little else is known about the creator of the Great Pyramid, apart from the building that caused him his fame. There are only a few hints about Chuff’s political activities in and out of Egypt, though various inscriptions give information about Chuff leading the military to Sinai and raids to Nubian and Libya.
Chuff died on 2566 BC, and the only surviving statue of him, found in the Cairo Museum is the smallest piece of Egyptian sculpture to be ever discovered – an ivory Tate measuring 3 inches in height, found at Abodes. B. HATCHETS (1473 – 1458) Also known as Hatchets meaning the “Foremost of Noble ladies”; was the fifth pharaoh of Eighteenth dynasty of Ancient Egypt. She is generally regarded by Speleologists as one of the most successful pharaohs, reigning longer than any other woman of an indigenous Egyptian dynasty. Hatchets is the only pharaoh who ordered that she be portrayed as a male pharaoh, with a beard and large muscles.
In other images, however, she appeared in traditional female regalia. Born Circa in 1508 B. C. Hatchets was the only child born to the Egyptian king Outmost I by his principal wife and queen Moose. This conclude that Hatchets is born pure royal. A military leader won served ten previous Pandora, I nuthouse I was Known Tort Nils wartime accomplishments. Of his wife, Moose, less is known; whether she was the sister or daughter of the previous pharaoh is not clear. Hatchets was close to her parent’s and held an important posts in their court. As a child, the royal scribe taught Hatchets how to read and write hieroglyphics.
As documented by Stead (1987), Hatchets questioned her need for education since she thought that she would never become pharaoh. Hatchets was raised believing that all good came from the god Ammo and that the trinity of power consisted of the king, queen and Ammo. Wells (1969), states that Hatchets was taught the importance of the Nile River as a source of goods and food to the people of Egypt and her family When her father died when she was 12 years old, she married her half-brother Outmost II. During the reign of Outmost II, Hatchets assumed the traditional role of queen and principal wife.
Outmost II died after 15 years reign, making Hatchets a widow before the age of 30. Hatchets had no sons only a daughter, Enforcer making the male heir Outmost Ill was an infant, born to the secondary wife named ‘set. Since Outmost Ill was too young to assume the throne unaided, Hatchets began acting as regent for her stepson and proposed husband. After less than seven years, however, Hatchets took the unprecedented step of assuming the title and full power of a pharaoh herself, becoming co-ruler of Egypt with Outmost Ill. Hatchet’s reign was marked by some great achievements.
She sponsored many voyages to the African land of Punt in search of treasures like ivory, gold, leopard skins and spices. She expanded trade and continued building traditions of Outmost l. There were no wars or insurrections during Hatchet’s reign. Although Egypt borders did not expand, they remained secure, offering the Egyptian people peace and plenty before the wars of Outmost Ill, who would come to be thought of as “Napoleon of Ancient Egypt”. Hatchets built up and restored the ancient temple at Karma which had been sacked by foreign occupiers.
At the door of this temple she ordered two obelisks constructed that were, at that time, the tallest in the world – one of these remains today called as Hatchet’s obelisk. One of her greatest project was her own burial temple the Deer El-Bahrain, which is one of the architectural wonders of ancient Egypt. It was built on the western bank of the Nile River. Nobody knew the fall of Hatchet’s reign. Hatchets probably died around 1458 B. C. , when she would have been in her mid-ass. She was buried in the Valley of the Kings, located in the hills behind Deer el-Bahrain.
In another effort to legitimate her reign, she ad her father’s sarcophagus reburied in her tomb so they could lie together in death. Outmost Ill went on to rule for 30 more years, proving to be both an ambitious builder like his stepmother and a great warrior. Late in his reign, Outmost Ill had almost all of the evidence of Hatchet’s rule–including the images of her as king on the temples and monuments she had built–eradicated, possibly to erase her example as a powerful female ruler, or to close the gap in the dynasty’s line of male succession.
As a consequence, scholars of ancient Egypt knew title of Hatchet’s existence until 1822, when they were able to decode and read the hieroglyphics on the walls of Deer el-Bahrain. In 1903, the British archeologist Howard Carter discovered Hatchet’s sarcophagus (one of three that she had prepared) out It was empty, like nearly all AT ten toms In ten valley AT ten Kilns. After launching a new search in 2005, a team of archaeologists discovered her mummy in 2007; it is now housed in the Egyptian Museum in Cairo.
Medical evidence indicated that she suffered from diabetes and died from bone cancer which had spread throughout her body while she was in her fifties. It also would suggest that she had arthritis and bad teeth. C. AMENDMENT (1350- 1344) Generate meaning “living spirit of Eaten” is the second son of Amendment Ill and his wife Tide of the 18th Egyptian Dynasty succeeded his father initially under the name of Infrastructure-wannabe Amendment (IV)-interpenetrates.
He is often referred to as the “heretic pharaoh,” due to his abandonment of all of the traditional Egyptian gods except for Eaten, the god associated with the disc of the sun who had been growing in importance and popularity for at least a couple of generations prior to the reign of Generate. It was in honor of this god that the pharaoh changed his name. Almost nothing is known of the early life of Prince Amendment ‘V. Generate was the son of Amendment Ill and Queen Tithe, a descendent of a Hebrew tribe. The largest statue in the Cairo Museum shows Amendment Ill and his family.
He and Queen Tide (pronounced ‘Tee’) had four daughters and two sons. Saneness’s brother, Titmouse was later named high priest of Memphis. The other son, Amendment IV (Later to take the name Generate) seemed to be ignored by the rest of the family. He never appeared in any portraits and was never taken to public events. He received no honors. It was as if the God Amman had excluded him. He was rejected by the world for some unknown reason. He was never shown with his family nor mentioned on monuments. Yet his mother favored him. In 1352 BC.
Generate ascended the throne, succeeding his father Amendment Ill who had died. Generate was Just a teenager at the time, but it was the desire of Queen Tide that he rule. In some version of the story, it is written that father and son shared the throne briefly. Amendment Avis age upon becoming pharaoh is largely a matter of guesswork. His age is never specified in ancient texts. An Egyptian boy went through the rites of passage into adulthood at about the age of 14. Whether adulthood was considered a prerequisite for being pharaoh is not known with certainty.
A pharaoh would sometimes name his son as heir while the child was still fairly young (at least, that is what said heir would say after becoming pharaoh), but this is not necessarily the same as taking the son on as a co-ruler (Ladled, 1988). In any case, Prince Amendment must have been of an age to be able to sire children upon attaining kingship, since he had at least one daughter by the first year of his reign. This could place him at as young as eleven or twelve. Generate is principally famous for his religious reforms, where the polytheism of Egypt was to be supplanted by monotheism centered around Eaten, the god of the solar disc.
This was possibly a move to lessen the political power of the Priests. Now the Pharaoh, not the priesthood, was the sole link between the people and Eaten which effectively ended the power of the various temples. Generate contributed the earliest monument of this new style was a large temple to the Eaten that was built to the east of the main temple complex at Karma. It was apparently built in a hurry, using much smaller blocks than those usually used in Egyptian temple-building. Known as Atlanta, many have been found reused in the filling of later buildings at Karma.
Relief in this temple commemorate at least one lulled celebrate In ten very earliest years AT ten reign Goanna 1 It remains unclear whether this was a Jubilee of the king, of the king and the Eaten, or simply of the Eaten itself. Saneness’s reign lasted 16 years. This was a difficult time in Egyptian history. Many scholars maintain that Generate was responsible for this decline, but evidence suggests that it had already started. Generate died in his Year 17 and was buried in his tomb at Marin, which had previously received the interments of a number of his family.
He was succeeded by Tutankhamen/ Amman, but steps were soon taken to reverse Saneness’s religious revolution. As a result the kings buildings around Egypt began to be dismantled, and after the death of Tutankhamen, Saneness’s names and images were mutilated on the monuments, and by the 19th Dynasty he and his immediate successors were being omitted from official lists of the kings of Egypt. The fate of Saneness’s mummy is uncertain; one possibility is that it was removed from the royal tomb at Marin to tomb KAVA in the Valley Of The Kings during Tutankhamen reign, but was removed and destroyed soon after the latter’s death. D.
TUTANKHAMEN (1334- 1325) He is popularly referred to as King Tutu. His original name, Tutankhamen, meaner “Living Image of Eaten”, while Tutankhamen meaner “Living Image of Amman”. King Tutu was the 12th king of the 18th Egyptian dynasty, in power from 1361 B. C. E. To 1352 B. C. E. During his reign, powerful advisers restored the traditional Egyptian religion which ad been set aside by his predecessor Generation, who had led the “Marin Revolution. ” After his death at age 18, he disappeared from history until the discovery of his tomb in 1922. Since then, studies of his tomb and remains have revealed much information about his life and times.
Tutankhamen was born circa 1341 B. C. E. And given the name Tutankhamen, meaning “the living image of Eaten”. The childhood of Tutankhamen was spent at the new city of Raman, where his parent’s assumed the roles of autocratic rulers. His religious education would have been based on the new religion and the worship of the sole god, the Eaten. It was a time of change and enormous upheaval for the people who lived around him. But as a child, he would have played with the other children of the royal court. The boys would have played ball games and with animal toys.
They also enjoyed more boisterous games and piggy back and leapfrog. Toy swords and spears were used emulating male adults. Marbles, darts and bowls were also used in favorite games for boys. The Nile river played such a great part in everyday life that activities surrounding the river were also popular especially toy boats according to Speleologist. The art of writing Hieroglyphics is an important part of the education of King Tutu. As a child, the royal scribe taught King Tutu how to read and write hieroglyphics. The Vizier, who was Ay during the reign of Tutankhamen, had overall control of the Prince’s education.
Like most of the sons and daughters of the pharaoh, the education of King Tutu was well-rounded as it included not only academic subjects but also concentrated on standards of morality, Egyptian society and culture. As the populace was forced to honor Eaten, the religious conversion threw ancient Egyptian society into chaos. The capital of Thebes was moved to the new capital of Raman. Generate put all of his efforts into the religious transition, neglecting domestic and foreign affairs. As the power struggle between old and new intensified, Generate became more autocratic and the regime more corrupt.
Following a 17-year reign, he was gone, proudly Trace to dedicate Ana oleo soon rater. HIS Y-year-010 son, Tutankhamen, took over around 1332 B. C. E. The same year that Tutankhamen took power, he married Amusement, his half sister and the daughter of Sanitation and Infertility. It is known that the young couple had two daughters, both stillborn. Due to Tutankhamen young age when he assumed power, the first years of his reign were probably controlled by an elder known as Ay, who bore the title of Vizier. Ay was assisted by Hormone, ancient Egypt top military commander at the time.
Both men reversed Saneness’s decree to worship Eaten, in favor of the traditional polytheistic beliefs. Tutankhamen changed his name to Tutankhamen, which meaner “the living image of Amman,” and had the royal court moved back to Thebes. Foreign policy had also been neglected during Saneness’s reign, and Tutankhamen sought to restore better relations with ancient Egypt neighbors. Although Tutankhamen had a short reign he did make many contributions to Ancient Egypt in the eighteenth dynasty. He made many contributions religion wise, in his building programs and in his restorations.
King Tutu’s building programs proved that he did infant make some sort of contributions to society before he passed away. The temples and shrines that have been built are proof that he made a contribution. By building these, he was allowing people in his society to visit places like this and many of them were dedicated to the gods which made it a place of worship for many. He also ordered the repair of the LOL sites and continued construction at the temple of Carjack. He also oversaw the completion of the red granite lions at Soles. Because Tutankhamen and his wife had no children, his death at age 19, circa 1323 B. C. E. Brought further turmoil to the court. Evidence indicates that upon his death, Amusement contacted the king of the Hitters, asking for one of his sons as a husband. The Hitter king sent a candidate, but he died during the Journey, most likely assassinated before he got to the royal palace. This attempt to forge an alliance with a foreign power was most likely reverted by Ay and Hormone, who were still in control behind the scenes. Evidence shows that Amusement later married Ay, before disappearing from history. Although there is some speculation that Tutankhamen was assassinated, the consensus is that his death was accidental.
A CT scan taken in 2005 shows that he had badly broken his leg shortly before his death, and that the leg had become infected. DNA analysis conducted in 2010 showed the presence of malaria in his system. It is believed that these two conditions (malaria and lymphoma) combined, led to his death. On September 14, 2012, BBC News did an article on a new theory bout Tutankhamen death with information coming from a lecturer and surgeon named DRP. Hut Shrapnel who believed that temporal lobe epilepsy caused the fatal fall which broke Tutankhamen leg. E. RAMPAGES II (1279- 1213) Rampages II, also known as Rampages the Great, was without peer.
Of all the pharaohs who continued to live on in legend long after their deaths, none was more celebrated than Rampages II. He was born in 1314 BCC and died at the age of 90 in 1224 BCC, three times the average life span. He ascended the throne in 1279 and ruled for 66 years, dying in 1213. He was the third Egyptian pharaoh of he Nineteenth dynasty of the 12th century BCC. His glories surpassed those of all other pharaohs and during his reign, Egypt reached a state of great prosperity with gold and other goods flooding into Egypt from conquered countries.
He is often regards as ten greatest, most celebrate, Ana most powerful Pandora AT the Egyptian Empire. His successors and later Egyptians called him the “Great Ancestor. ” Rampages II led several military expeditions into the Eleven, re-asserting Egyptian control over Canaan. Rampages II was born in the year 1303 B. C. as the youngest son of Seth’ I and his great royal wife Tutu. He had an older brother named Inhabitance who was originally supposed to be Pharaoh after Seth I but he died during his education. The first important event in the life of Rampages II was probably as his grandfather Rampages I became crowned in the year 1291 B.
C. (Rampages II was probably 5 years old at that point). Then two years later, after his grandfather died, his own father Seth I became Pharaoh in the year 1290 B. C. In his first few years as Pharaoh Rampages II became a backup from his mother Queen Tutu, as well as from his two great royal wives Inferiority and Stronger. But Queen Tutu died minion B. C. And so Rampages II made his daughter Benignant another great royal wife, and as Inferiority died three years later, their daughter Impairment became that title too. His main royal wife Stronger died in 1246 B. C. ND for political reasons Rampages II married a Hitter princess which was renamed as Methamphetamine. Five years later he married another Hitter princess but her name is not known anymore today. During 1225 B. C. His son Merriment was named as throne successor. During his time as pharaoh, Rampages II had to fight three main enemies, the Syrian vassal states, the Libyan tribes and the Hitter Empire. The Syrian vassal states already rebelled under Seth’ I against the Egyptian authority and four years after Rampages II took over the throne. They tried to become independent from the Egyptian Empire. The Libyan tribes were a very similar case.
They tried to become independent from Egypt but they were even more aggressive than the Syrian vassal states. Even in time of “peace” and the “acceptance of the Egyptian authority’, they descended the Egyptian caravans. The Hitter Empire was probably the biggest enemy and Rampages II had to fight more than one big battle against it to stop its spreading in the way of he Egyptian boarders. His first campaign against a Syrian kingdom was already in the fourth year of his reign. This was a very provocation move and it was an obvious challenge for the Hitter Empire to fight for the ascendancy over Syria.
Rampages II had an army which was about 20,000 men strong, and the Hitter Empire under King Mutually II came up with an army which was about 40,000 men strong. At the 12th of May 1274 B. C. , it came to a decisive battle at the city of Shades. This battle is the best documented fight in the ancient world. In the end, the campaign did not bring any advantage for both sides. Rampages II made a tactical error by dividing his forces and one of his divisions got swept away. But also, the Hitter did a couple of mistakes and it is very likely that nobody won the fight and Rampages II had to retreat for logistic difficulties.
Back in Egypt, he let the battle announced as a huge victory and the course of the fight became documented in many of his temples and buildings. But even so, Rampages II was not able to gain victory in this important battle. During his military campaign he was able to make the boarders of Egypt secure from pirates invading and he also fought back invasion of Libyan people. He gained a lot of land back that was lost under Pharaoh Generate and he sign a couple a peace treaties with neighboring countries.
He made a peace treaty even with the Hitters because the Hitters were face