TJC GOVT 2305 Exam 3 Multiple Choice Questions

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What phrase did Alexis de Tocqueville coin to describe Americans in his 1835 work Democracy in America?
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\”A nation of joiners\”
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What percentage of Americans belong to voluntary groups or associations?
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80%
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Which social group is likely to be over represented in interest groups?
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Upper-middle class, well educated
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Which of the following occupations are represented by labor unions?
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Teachers and tradespeople
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Which factor influences and decides an interest group’s political effectiveness?
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Membership and financial resources
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Which of these interest groups has over 35 million members?
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AARP
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The interaction of mutual interests involving interest groups, government officials, and members of Congress is known as the
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Iron triangle
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An organization of ideologically similar people that nominates and elects its members to office is known as a
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Political party
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What is arguably the most important role of political parties in the American political system?
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To promote civic responsibility among elected officials and give voters an important \”check\” on those elected officials
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In most states, party identifiers are typically measured by
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Party registration
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Which of these groups is/are most likely to vote for Republicans?
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Whites
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During the era of the Second Party System, which political party rose to power?
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Democrats
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Which organizations are identified by political scientists as assuming the roles formerly performed by political parties?
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What is most likely to predict weather or not an election will be comparative
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Which state does not even require voters to register in order to participate in elections?
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North Dakota
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Who can vote in a closed primary election?
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Members of that party
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Which of these groups controls the timing of primary elections?
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States
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In the United States, most general elections are held in what month?
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November
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Which type of ballot generally leads to the coattail effect, where down-ballot candidates benefit from the popularity of those listed above them?
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Party-column ballot
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Due to the popularity of voting by mail, which state has recently abandoned voting in polling places on Election Day?
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Oregon
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What age limit for presidential office is codified by Article I of the Constitution?
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35
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Today, most political campaigns are conducted and managed by
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Campaign consultant
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Which of the following conducts focus groups to determine candidate strengths and weaknesses?
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pollster
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Which president’s administration was involved in the Teapot Dome scandal?
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Warren Harding
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Which of these factors is most important in determining voter participation?
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Education level
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What year were 18-year-olds granted the right to vote in the United States?
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1972
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In the United States, voters with the highest income level have voting rates of
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85%
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Which political function(s) is/are performed by the media?
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Provide info, interpret events, provide a forum, socialize children
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Which media technology was the first to offer people the opportunity to express political views publicly?
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Talk radio
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Which pre-Revolutionary British legislation directly attacked colonial American newspapers?
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Stamp Act
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Yellow journalism, or an irresponsible, sensationalist approach to news reporting, first appeared in which time period?
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Beginning of 20th century
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Whose expos of the meat-packing industry led to the establishment of the Food and Drug Administration?
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Upton Sinclair
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All these technologies are considered new media EXCEPT
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TV
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As governor of ________, Franklin Roosevelt first effectively employed the radio for political communication.
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New York
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When did talk radio a format featuring call-ins from listeners and interviews emerge from behind television?
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70’s and 80’s
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Between 1977 and 2003, viewer audiences for network television
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fell
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Which Web site, which debuted in 2005, enhances civic engagement by allowing citizens to access and post video that includes political content?
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YouTube
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How many hours do Americans spend online today?
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Over 4
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What types of media have succeeded in attracting young, liberal voters?
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Blogs and websites
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Which form of new media is considered by its users to be the most influential on politics?
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Blogs
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Most Americans see the Internet as a vehicle and an example of the principle of Traditionally, media outlets and journalists have been labeled
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Liberal
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What is the prevailing American view about the general media
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Biased

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