The Wizard of Oz as a Fairy Tale
The Wizard of Oz as a Fairy Tale

The Wizard of Oz as a Fairy Tale

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  • Pages: 3 (1499 words)
  • Published: October 23, 2017
  • Type: Research Paper
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For 100s of old ages. parents have been enchanting kids with narratives of thaumaturgy and wants coming true. Fairy narratives are passed from one coevals to the following through unwritten tradition. and. in modern times. books. As assorted societies develop. faery narratives are changed to suit the demands and ethical motives those societies want to affect upon their kids. Therefore. the manner and content of a fairy narrative is straight affected by the societal attitudes of a peculiar society at a peculiar clip.

Jack Zipes adopts and assumes the charming folk tale is the unwritten version and the fairy tale the literary version of a narrative when he describes the rise of “the fairy tale in the Western universe as the mass-mediated cultural signifier of the folktale” ( Zipes 15 ) . Fairy narratives include common subjects. motives. narrative lines. and characters that aid in the protagonist’s working towards a common end. In the first chapter of his book. Swiss bookman Max Luthi identifies fourteen features that are critical to the alone categorization of a fairy narratives as demarcated from other signifiers of children’s literture.

With the aid of these typical structural and stylistic characteristics. Frank L. Baum’s novel. “The Wizard of Oz” can be classified within the boundaries of the fairy narrative. “The Wizard of Oz. ” like so many faery narratives. of course has cultural. societal. and political undertones interwoven within the text. Virtually all of Baum’s characters and charming land pertain to specific cultural or socio-political event


of the clip.

Contemporary societal issues are unconsciously rolled into the cloth of the narrative like: the xanthous brick route and the Ag slippers that both typify the influence of the gold and silver argument prominent in Baum’s clip. Baum lifts phrases about straight from Grimm. In “The Wizard of Oz”…“she wished the miss to stay with her to make the cookery and cleaning” ( Baum 27 ) is similar to the enchantresss request if Gretel in “Hansel and Gretel” when she says. “I want you to bring some H2O and cook your brother something nice” ( Grimm 53 ) .

Dorothy besides states to the Scarecrow. “If you come with me I’ll inquire Oz to make all he can for you” ( Baum 22 ) . Which is evocative to the donkey’s words in the Grimms’ “The Bremen Town Musicians” ( Grimm 96 ) …The basic secret plan of this narrative is similar to “The Wizard of Oz” in that a group of assistants accompany a hero and utilize their specific accomplishments to accomplish a pursuit. Baum does non bury to include several authoritative airytale motives: seven conference boots are replaced with Ag slippers that take the wearer any topographic point his or her Black Marias desires and the authoritative object used three times to cite a assistant is represented by the aureate cap that is used to name upon the winged monkeys three times. The motifs visual aspect in this narrative demonstrates how frequently similar motives are re-used in an altered provinces across assorted types of literature. The enchantress threatens the heroes with 40 bees. 40 wolves and 40 crows. Though 4

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may non be the most common figure used to foreground the alone fairy tale repeat of Numberss. this figure of class holds intending.

In the Bible there were 40 yearss of inundation. 40 yearss of fasting and 40 yearss of rolling. In fact the really nature of “The Wizard of Oz’s” medium. the novel. increase the distinction between it and fairy narratives. Oz is excessively long a work for it to be easy recognizable as a fairy narrative. Most narratives do non depict locations. physical characteristics. or emotional provinces. Heros are seldom afraid of foreign animals. they merely kill them or decease seeking. it is merely a portion of their nature as heros.

Luthi ( Visual Aspect & A ; non-deliniation of character p. 25 ) Within the first few pages Baum informs the reader of the what Dorothy is have oning. a checkered gingham frock. and that she “cries sorrowfully when the ace won’t see her” ( Baum 60 ) . The story’s descriptive transitions refering the physical environment chiefly relate to the colourss that are present ( what is seeable ) . particularly in the description of the forest … Psychoanalysis has classified and links fairy narratives to childhood gender.

They serve a psychological map by stand foring to kids their subconscious sexual impulses and struggles. Bruno Bettelheim uses his “The Uses of Enchantment” to discourse the manifestation of these thrusts in fairy tales and how kids use such literature to accommodate internal battles they may be holding. The Wizard of Oz provides internal declaration in readying for something greater—sex. Sexual activity. is of class skirted around instead than confronted caput on. For illustration in chapter eight of the novel. “The lifelessly poppy field” slumber is used as a replacement for decease.

Dorothy ne'er has to see any existent decease. but wakes up surrounded by dead wolves she is merely mildly frightened for a minute until the woodman explains their presence euphemistically as being non dead. but “shaggy. ” Oz approaches the deep degrees of significance discussed by Bettelheim and falls into the Freudian love affair. like “Cinderella” who escapes her psychologically unsatisfactory measure household to accomplish a better life. Dorothy. though she returns to her place in Kansa. manages to travel towards adulthood and self-fulfillment.

As Dorothy realizes the power of the charming slippers and the other characters find what they were looking for but had all along. the reader gets the message that what we need for “wholeness” is within. non without. Different from the psychological attack of Bettelheim. Max Luthi worked to place what makes a fairy narrative a fairy narrative. So although characters may apparently move without logic. ground. or emotion and one incident may non link with what occurs instantly before or after it. there is a principle that permeates every narrative. Dorothy is to some grade disconnected from world.

Aunt Em and Uncle Joe are seldom happy because world has soured them but Dorothy who is non to the full integrated with world is able to travel on a pursuit to detect her ain felicity ( Luthi: Supernatural # 8 p25 ) . Dorothy. as the heroine. is

in melody with the underlying fairytale subject of… ( Luthi p25. 34 # 5. 14 ) . Dorothy seems to be unwittingly blessed. She is erroneously revered as a sorceress ; “The Ag places fitted her as if they had been made for her” and she by chance kills non one. but two wicked enchantresss. The outward mark of her appeal is the grade of the good witch’s buss.

In some fairy tales there is a similar physical index. it could be lentigos. ruddy headedness. utmost ugliness or a tussock of hair. Separate but related to opportunity is charming. What distinguishes the fairy tale from other common people literature is the prevision of thaumaturgy. What is cardinal is the being of thaumaturgy and the otherworldly. Often there is a declared crossing from the mundane to a charming kingdom. Once in the charming kingdom Baum utilizes stock motives like speaking animate beings. enchantresss. aces. the Simpleton figure. caps that can cite powerful animals three times and shows that can go infinite distances in a few paces.

Aid is the cardinal motive of the folk tale. it propels the narrative and defines the hero. In the folk tale the hero would non accomplish his aim without aid. in peculiar the aid of otherworld existences. And this support is lavished on him. Dorothy ne'er asks for or thinks about charming gifts but when she needs them they are granted. Gifts are given to Dorothy without prayer and make come into drama when needed but. particularly in the instance of the slippers. she has to work for the privilege. Dorothy shows no extraordinary strength of character yet she is given the Ag places and fatefully obtains the aureate cap.

Though one would presume the nature of the heroine determines her success and reflects her good character her pursuit is frequently entirely for personal addition. Dorothy and her friends want what’s best for them and by following their ain class they unwittingly rescue other people without meaning to make so. This in bend paves the manner to their ultimate end. The happy stoping. as Bettelheim reiterates. is what makes the fairy narrative stand out as children’s literature. Because fairy narratives provide declaration and reassurance kids can easy associate and larn from the narratives ( Bettelheim. 10 ) .

Dorothy’s end is achieved non in Oz. because Oz is non the right topographic point for her. but alternatively back at place where she can use what she has gained to acquire her “happily of all time after” . “The Wizard of Oz” corresponds to a big figure of fairy narrative features. but it doubtless does non suit rather absolutely into the exact fairy narrative cast. It doesn’t fit wholly. partially because it’s merely excessively large. The nature of its signifier. the novel. demands a greater degree of descriptive information and secret plan explication. both which lead off from the traditional fairy tales.