”The Powder Keg of Europe"

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What is the Balkans?
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it is an area that is located on the southeastern region of Europe just south of Austria and Hungary and is where Yugoslavia is now (the peninsula). It gained independence from the Ottoman Empire.
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What were the people like there?
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the people were nationalistic, wanted to enlarge and strengthen their counties and did not want to be taken over again by the Ottoman Turkey and Austria-Hungary.
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What happened in 1908?
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in 1908 Austria-Hungary annexed Bosnia and Herzegovina in the Balkans. Serbia a new country, was furious and wanted the land.
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What did the Serbians’ create and what did they use it for?
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they created a secret society called the “Black Hands” to fight for freedom from Austria-Hungary.
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What took place on June 28, 1914?
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Archduke Franz Ferdinand, the leader to be of Austria-Hungary went to Sarajevo with his pregnant wife Sophie. To get revenge, a 19-year-old Black Hand member, fatally shot Ferdinand and Sophie.
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After that, what did Austria-Hungary do?
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Austria-Hungary gave a ultimatum to Serbia and then declared war on Serbia. The ultimatum said to avoid war Serbia MUST end all anti-Austrian agitation and punish any Serbian official involved in the murder plot. The Serbs must also let Austria join in the investigation. The Serbs must agreed to most of these conditions but not all, however if they made a partial refusal Austria with the backing of Germany would declare war.
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What did Russia than do?
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Russia, big brother to Serbia responded by declaring war on Austria-Hungary.
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After that what did Germany do?
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Germany the declared war on Russia then France.
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What did the Germans do that got them involved in war?
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They went through Belgium which was a neutral country. Therefore Britain declared war on Germany.
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What did the triple alliance become?
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The triple alliance became the central powers
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What did the triple entente become?
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the enetent became the allied powers
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Was Italy involved in war?
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No, they remained neutral
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What was the Schlieffen Plan?
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To crush France first before Russia

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