Texes Art EC watercolor

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Describe why it may be necessary or preferred to submerge a drawing or watercolor.
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May need to be detatched from base if it has become stuck. May need to be cleaned or stains removed. May want to achieve particular effect such as overpainting or rubbing.
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Describe considerations for submersion of drawing or watercolor.
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Proper handling important, particularly with water-soluble paint or ink. Do not touch any of the painted or inked surface. Never fold or bend anytime prior to, during or after submersion. Using support such as glass, plastic or plywood can add stability.
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Why is stretching watercolor paper often necessary.
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Stretching prevents lighter weight papers from buckling when color washed. Pre-prepared paper mounted on cardboard does not need stretching. However, washing weakens paper, making it susceptible to accidental ‘holing’ by a brush.
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Describe the process of stretching watercolor paper.
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Cut-off paper weight for optimal stretching is 140lb. Heavier papers need not be stretched. Can use corner tacks on a drawing board, then attach edges with gummed brown paper tape. As it dries, repeatedly pull smooth and taught. Stretching frames allow edges to be crimped.
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Explain the process of watercolor paint selection.
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Children’s watercolor unsuitable for serious artist.’Artists Colors\” considered best due to transparency and permanency.’Student Colors’ work well for practice and beginners.
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List ways Commercial watercolors may be packaged.
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Semi-moist, half-pan form and as a set in a single tin which also serves as a palette. Larger washes applied either from fully liquid bottles or semi-liquid tubes.
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What is the recommended palette for watercolor?
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Sizable palette consists of at most 12 colors. Many masterworks produced using fewer. Most artists find that a palette of 5 or 6 colors is adequate.
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What are the three main types of supports used in watercolor painting.
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hot pressed, cold pressed and rough.
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Hot Pressed
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very smooth paper often used for line and wash.
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Cold Pressed
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good general purpose paper suitable for most work including rendering of fine detail. Rougher surface than hot press, takes large, even washes well.
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Rough paper
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produces a sparkling effect idea for rendering light effects on water, but should not be used by beginners due to difficult nature of producing deep, even washes characteristic of an expert.
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Japanese rice paper
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distinctive work due to fragility and absorbency of the material itself.
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Describe watercolor painting as an art form
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Watercolor is marked by a transparent, soft characteristic where portions of the underlying white or lighter color paper is left mostly bare or faintly toned. As a result, the ability to work colors is limited and errors can be difficult to correct.
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Describe watercolor paint
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Composed of finely ground pigment with gum arabic or senegal used as a binder. The gum acts as a light varnish, enhancing brightness and sheen. Water, as the name implies, is both the diluent and medium.
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Sugar syrup
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used to make application of the paint smoother.
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White glycerin
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added to enhance brilliance and slow drying.
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Watercolor brush selection.
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Flat or chisel brushes, fine quality sable or more recently Chinese hog’s hair. Less expensive include squirrel and ox hair. Avoid synthetic.
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Watercolor brush sizes
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watercolor brush sizes range from 1 to 12.
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Watercolor water
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Distilled water should be used whenever possible.
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Watercolor containers
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Use two separate containers, one for brush cleaning and one for color slaking.
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Siccatives or Metallic Salts
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Many pigments contain these which incidentally act as drying elements. Most common include lead, cobalt and manganese.
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Lead, cobalt, Manganese
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Siccatives or Metallic Salts, incidentally act as drying elements.

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