Ivan The Terrible Flashcards, test questions and answers
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What is Ivan The Terrible?
Ivan the Terrible is one of the most notorious figures in Russian history. He was the first Tsar of Russia and is remembered for his ruthless authoritarianism and pathological cruelty. His reign saw the expansion of Russia’s borders, but his tyrannical rule also led to widespread chaos and bloodshed.Ivan was born in 1530 to Grand Prince Vasili III of Moscow, who died shortly after Ivan’s birth. Ivan’s mother, Elena Glinskaya, acted as regent until he came of age in 1547. He quickly asserted his authority by eliminating any potential competitors for the throne. In 1550 he forced a marriage with Anastasia Romanovna, uniting two powerful Russian families together and solidifying his claim to power.In 1552 Ivan conquered Kazan from the Mongols and Astrakhan from the Tatars, greatly expanding Russia’s borders as far east as Siberia. In 1581 he declared himself absolute ruler with complete control over all aspects of government – an unprecedented move that sparked fear throughout Europe that a new superpower had been created under his iron fist rule. Ivan was known for his extreme use of violence against anyone who opposed him or those he perceived as threats; thousands were executed on charges ranging from treason to practicing witchcraft against him or even simply insulting him in conversation. The Oprichnikia secret police force created by Ivanwere responsible for much terror during his reign, carrying out mass executions whenever they saw fit without due process or trials. Despite these atrocities however some historians believe that Ivan had good intentions but used misguided means to achieve them; particularly when it came to religious issues where he tried but failed to impose Orthodox Christianity into conquered territories such as Novgorod which practiced other faiths like Catholicism or Lutheranism instead. Whatever one makes of this interpretation it cannot be denied that under Ivan’s rule Russia became more powerful than ever before while simultaneously becoming more unstable than ever before too – making him one of history’s most notorious figures in both good and bad ways alike.