Consumption And Production Flashcards, test questions and answers
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What is Consumption And Production?
Consumption and production are two of the most important concepts in economics. Consumption is the use of goods and services by individuals, households, businesses, and governments for their own satisfaction or profit. Production is the process that creates goods and services for sale on the market. The relationship between consumption and production is complex, as both influence each other in various ways.On one hand, consumption drives production because it affects what products are produced. Consumers have preferences which determine what goods they will purchase. These preferences drive companies to produce goods that meet consumer needs, as they seek to make profits by meeting consumer demand. Therefore, without consumer demand there would be no incentive for producers to create new products or improve existing ones in order to stay competitive and profitable in the marketplace. On the other hand, production also has an influence on consumption since it increases availability of goods or services which can then be consumed by consumers. For example, if a company produces more cars than it sells then those additional cars may become available for purchase at lower prices thus making them more affordable for consumers who may not have been able to afford them otherwise. This increased availability can lead to increased consumption which further encourages production either through increased sales or through improved product quality due to competition among producers seeking a larger share of the market. Ultimately both consumption and production are essential elements of any economic system; without either one there would be no economic activity taking place at all as all economic transactions involve some form of exchange between consumers and producers whether it be money or some other form of payment such as barter exchange systems used in certain cultures around the world today.