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MQ Test 5. Family Concept Approach, parents and children, patrilocality

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The chapter-opening story of Rosa Yniguez, who came from Mexico to live and raise her three children in California, makes the point that
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family patterns often change among immigrants who come to this country.
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The U.S. Census Bureau defines the “family” as
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people living together who are linked by birth, marriage, or adoption
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Which of the following are traits of marriage?
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All of these responses are correct.
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A family that includes parents, children and other kin is called
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an extended family
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A family composed of one or two parents and their children is called
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a nuclear family
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A system of marriage that unites two partners is called
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monogamy
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A system of marriage that unites one woman with two or more men is called
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polyandry.
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The concept “patrilocality” refers to
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a residential pattern by which a married couple lives near the husband’s family
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To which region of the world would you travel if you wanted to visit many countries where the law permits polygamy?
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Africa
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The incest taboo
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is found in all societies
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According to the structural-functional approach, which of the following is counted among the tasks of the family?
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All of these responses are correct
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Social conflict and feminist theories explain that families perpetuate social inequality in U.S. society through
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All of these responses are correct.
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A social-exchange analysis of family life is likely to consider
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how individuals select partners who offer about as much as they do to the relationship.
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In the United States, romantic love
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All of these responses are correct
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The concept “homogamy” means that
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people marry others who are socially like themselves.
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What is the effect of industrialization on the number of children in a typical family?
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Families have fewer children
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In the United States, a recent trend involving parenting is that
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more adults are delaying having children or choosing to remain childless.
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The term “empty nest” refers to
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families whose children have grown and left home
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The MOST difficult transition in married life is typically
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the death of a spouse
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Describing the lives of working-class women, Lillian Rubin reported that the typical woman said she wanted a husband who
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had a steady job and was not violent
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Among American Indians who migrate from reservations to cities, a common pattern is to
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All of these responses are correct.
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Patterns that describe many Latino families include
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All of these responses are correct.
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Which of the following is a correct example of civil religion?
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singing patriotic song on the Fourth of July
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Compared to what it was a century ago, the U.S. divorce rate is now
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about three times higher
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Research shows that growing up in a single-parent family
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is usually a disadvantage to children
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Mounting research suggests that cohabitation
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may actually discourage marriage.
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Following Emile Durkheim, the ordinary elements of everyday life are correctly considered to be
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profane.
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The concept of sacred refers to what is
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seen as set apart from everyday life and extraordinary.
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Karl Marx believed that religion
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supports social inequality.
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Which of the following concepts refers to the fusion of Christian principles with political activism, often Marxist in character?
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liberation theology
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Which of the following religious organizations began as a cult?
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All of these responses are correct.
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The claim that the United States is a post denominational society is based on a movement
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supporting spiritualism, but away from formal denominations.
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All through the South, the largest number of Protestants is of which denomination?
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Baptist
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Secularization refers to which of the following?
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the historical decline in the importance of the sacred
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Education is the social institution by which society provides people with important knowledge, including
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All of these responses are correct.
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Getting into college in Japan, compared to the United States, is more a matter of
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performance on achievement tests.
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In the United States today, what percentage of people over the age of twenty-five have earned a four-year college degree?
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30 percent
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On which of the following continents do we find the MOST countries with high rates of illiteracy?
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Africa
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The functions of schooling include
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All of these responses are correct.
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Which of the following is a latent function of schooling?
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providing child care
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An example of the advantage of cultural capital in U.S. schooling is parents who
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All of these responses are correct
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Comparing school performance, researchers have found that the main cause of the achievement gap between rich and poor children is
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differences in home environments.
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Which of the following correctly states the effect of additional schooling on average lifetime income?
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Earning a high school diploma and earning a college degree both raise lifetime income levels.
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The problem of functional illiteracy means that
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many young people leave school without having learned basic skills.
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Magnet schools encourage
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students to specialize in specific areas of study.
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Which of the following concepts refers to the practice of including people with disabilities in regular educational classes and programs?
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mainstreaming
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In 2009, men accounted for what share of all U.S. undergraduate college students?
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43 percent
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Society shapes human health because
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All of these responses are correct
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Poor health in low-income nations reflects which of the following factors?
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All of these responses are correct
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In poor nations around the world, about what percentage of children die before they reach their first birthday?
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10 percent
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The concept “socialized medicine” refers to which of the following?
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a medical system mostly owned and operated by the government
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Which of the following is an example of a chronic illness?
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cancer
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Research shows that masculinity is linked to health because
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our culture’s definition of masculinity encourages stress and heart disease.
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Which of the following factors has a strong link to life expectancy?
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All of these responses are correct.
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The concept of “euthanasia” refers to
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assisting in the death of a person suffering from a terminal illness.
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Which of the following categories of the U.S. population has the highest life-expectancy?
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white women
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The greatest preventable cause of death in the United States is
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cigarette smoking
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Which of the following categories of people in the United States is especially likely to smoke cigarettes?
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divorced people
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Which of the following is a factor contributing to widespread obesity in U.S. society?
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All of these responses are correct
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Which sexually transmitted disease infects 24 million U.S. adolescents and adults (about one in six)?
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genital herpes
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An exception to the general decline of infectious diseases in the United States is the increase in ______ after 1960.
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sexually transmitted diseases