test 3 practice questions

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The question “If a tree falls in a forest and no one is there to hear it, would there be a sound?” is useful because it highlights that “sound” can be:
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both a perceptual and physical stimulus.
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The sound pressure level increases ________ as the decibel level increases from 40 to 80 dBs.
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10 times
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Kat wants to buy a “dog whistle” that her dog can hear but she can’t. She should get a whistle that emits sounds in the range between ________ and ________ Hz.
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30,000; 40,000
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A piano tone played backwards will sound more like an organ than a piano because:
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the tone’s original decay has become the attack, and vice versa.
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Which of the following does not need an outer or middle ear to hear effectively?
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dogs, cats, fish
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If a hair cell were the same proportion as the Eiffel Tower, the amount of movement needed for transduction to occur would be ________ for the Eiffel Tower.
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1 cm
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The outer hair cells respond to sound by slightly tilting and changing length. Because of the consequence of this, the action of the outer hair cells is called the:
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cochlear amplifier.
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At their highest settings, MP3 players can reach ________ , which is ________ OSHA’s recommended maximum.
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100; 15 db higher than
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The order of structures in the auditory pathway is:
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Superior Olivary Nucleus; Inferior Colliculus; Medial Geniculate Nucleus.
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Pantev et al. showed that the area of the auditory cortex that responds to piano tones was:
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larger for musicians than non-musicians.
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Humans can localize sounds most accurately:
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when the sound is directly in front of them.
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The ________ is composed of the locations where the ILD and ITD are the same.
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cone of confusion
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Garner and Garner showed that smoothing out the nooks of the pinnae:
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makes it more difficult to locate sounds along the elevation coordinate.
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Coincidence detectors:
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fire when the ITD equals 0.
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Vision: figure-ground segregation. Audition: ________.
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auditiory scene analysis
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When listeners hear two standard tones alone, the listeners can perceive the order of the tones. When two distractor tones are added, listeners cannot judge the order accurately. Which of the following manipulations can be done in order for listeners to correctly perceive the order of the two original tones?
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Add two more tones that have the same pitch as the distractors.
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If the notes of the songs “Three Blind Mice” and “Mary Had a Little Lamb” are alternated and played for listeners, the listeners:
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could identify the song they attended to if they were previously told what the two component songs were.
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The precedence effect is:
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the listener perceives the fused sound from two speakers to be originating from the lead speaker.
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What did the designers of The Walt Disney Hall do to maximize acoustics?
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Seat cushions were designed to absorb the same amount as an average person.
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The ideal S/N ratio in a classroom is ________ db.
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+10 to +15
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A sound spectrogram is a plot of ________ as a function of ________, with darker areas representing greater intensity.
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frequency; time
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When you say “bat” and “boot,” the /b/ sound is articulated differently. This is an example of:
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coarticulation.
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The ubiquitous “Whazzup!” is a sloppy pronunciation of “What’s up?” The spectrograms of each of these two spoken phrases would indicate:
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major differences between the two phrases, especially in the middle of the spectrograms.
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The McGurk effect illustrates the importance of ________ on speech perception.
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vision
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Jessica looks at Ashleigh’s lips on a videotape. Ashleigh’s lips are making the movement for the sound /ga-ga/, but the sound that is actually presented is the acoustic signal for /ba-ba/. What sound is Jessica most likely to report hearing?
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/da-da/
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Warren showed that when a cough sound replaced the sound of the first /s/ in the word “legislatures,” listeners reported hearing:
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both the cough and the /s/ sound, but the position of the cough could not be correctly identified.
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A fan of science fiction television shows would be more likely to make sense of the phrase “Start Wreck In Tore Prize.” This demonstrates the importance of:
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meaning on segmentation
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The joke in the textbook with the punch line “Yeah, right” is used as an example of:
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sarcasm as a type of indexical characteristic
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Brain scanning research has shown that the ________ is responsible for identifying sounds, and the ________ is responsible for locating sounds.
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“what” (ventral) stream; “where” (dorsal) stream
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Watkins, using transcranial magnetic stimulation, found that motor-evoked potentials were highest when the participant:
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both heard speech sounds, and watched someone else’s lips make a speech sound.
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By rubbing armpit sweat from “donor women” on the upper lips of women, McClintock supported hypothesis that olfaction is important in explaining
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menstrual synchrony.
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Dogs are more sensitive to smells than humans because:
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dogs have many more olfactory receptors than humans.
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When presented with a common odor like banana or motor oil, participants can identify the odor approximately ________% of the time.
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50
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The ________ is the structure that contains the receptors for olfaction.
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olfactory mucosa
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The relationship between an odorant’s smell and its recognition profile is similar to ________ in vision.
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trichromatic coding for color
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Which technique involves injecting an animal with a radioactive molecule to see which part of the olfactory bulb is most activated by different chemicals?
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2-DG
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An onion smell is presented to a participant, and is told that it is “body odor” or it is “pizza.” The participant will perceive the odor:
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more favorably if it is labeled “pizza” than “body odor.”
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The tiny bumps on the tongue that contain the taste buds are the:
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papillae.
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In regard to specificity vs. distributed coding , most researchers conclude:
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basic taste qualities are determined by specificity coding, and distributed coding is important for discriminating subtle differences.
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The difference between “tasters” and “non-tasters” in the ability to taste PROP is due to:
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a higher density of taste buds for “tasters” than “non-tasters.”
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Testing infant acuity
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focuses on answering the question “Can an infant tell the difference between two stimuli?”
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Acuity develops to almost 20/20 vision by the time the infant is:
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six months old.
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Which of the following is a reason for the poor acuity of newborns?
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The visual cortex of the newborn is only partially developed.
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The ability to use binocular disparity as a depth cue:
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can be tested using random dot stereograms.
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farah’s case study of Adam, a prosopagnosic, is used as support for:
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the opponent-process theory of face recognition.
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Johnson et al. (2004) presented moving occluded rods to 3-month-old infants and classified the infants as “perceivers” or “nonperceivers” of a unified, occluded rod. The main finding of the study was:
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perceivers tended to make more horizontal eye movements.
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if a pregnant mother reads the original version of The Cat in The Hat aloud while pregnant, which version of The Cat in The Hat would the infant prefer after birth?
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The original version, as it had been read to them prenatally
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Masakazu is a 4-month-old Japanese infant. When presented the phonemes /r/ and /l/, he will:
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be able to discriminate between these two phonemes.
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Infant intermodal perception studies are used to explain:
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newborn’s recognition of the mother’s face.
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According to Pascalis et al. (2002), which of the following would be able to discriminate between pairs of monkey faces?
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6 month old
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The ________ are located near the border of the epidermis and surface of the skin, and are associated with sensing fine details.
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Merkel receptors
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Ian Waterman was able to sense pain and temperature because his ________ pathway was intact, but could not feel touch and limb position because of damage to his ________ pathway.
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spinothalamic; lemniscal
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Which of the following does the human sensory homunculus most resemble?
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Mick Jagger
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The receptive fields of cortical S1 neurons are:
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smaller for the fingers than the forearm.
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The demonstration in which you perceived the texture of a surface using your pen or another “tool” showed:
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that you can use vibrations to perceive the texture of the surface.
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BobbyDale is asked to use haptic perception to identify a soccer ball. She will most likely use the exploratory procedure(s) of ________ to identify the soccer ball’s exact shape.
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enclosure and contour following
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Neuropathic pain: ________. Inflammatory pain: ________.
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carpal tunnel syndrome; tumor cells
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Lucky, a heterosexual female, would be able to keep her hand immersed in cold water longer if she was:
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looking a pictures of attractive males.
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The phrase “multimodal nature of pain” refers to
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sensory and emotional components of pain.
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When participants played an online game and felt they were being excluded from the game by the other “players,” the participants reported feeling ________, and fMRI activity in ________ increased.
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distressed; the ACC

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