Test 3 chapter 8

Flashcard maker : Lily Taylor
systems analyst
A ____ is a professional who specializes in analyzing and designing business systems.
programmer
In systems development, the ____ is responsible for modifying or developing programs to satisfy user requirements.
systems investigation
In the ____ phase of the SDLC, potential problems and opportunities are identified and considered in light of the goals of the business.
systems analysis
The ____ phase of the SDLC involves studying existing systems and work processes to identify strengths, weaknesses, and opportunities for improvement.
systems design
The primary result of the ____ phase is a technical design that either describes the new system or describes how existing systems will be modified.
systems implementation
____ involves creating or acquiring the various system components detailed in the systems design, assembling them, and placing the new or modified system into operation
Prototyping
____ takes an iterative approach to the systems development process. During each iteration, requirements and alternative solutions to the problem are identified and analyzed, new solutions are designed, and a portion of the system is implemented.
rapid application development
____ employs tools, techniques, and methodologies designed to speed application development.
joint application development
RAD makes extensive use of the ____ process for data collection and requirements analysis.
CASE tools
____ combine(s) the logic of the systems development life cycle with the power of object-oriented modeling and programming.
systems request form
The ____ is a document that is filled out by someone who wants the IS department to initiate systems investigation.
Technical
____ feasibility is concerned with whether the hardware, software, and other system components can be acquired or developed to solve the problem.
Economic
____ feasibility determines whether the project makes financial sense and whether predicted benefits offset the cost and time needed to obtain them.
Legal
____ feasibility determines whether laws or regulations can prevent or limit a systems development project.
Operational
____ feasibility is a measure of whether the project can be put into action or operation.
systems investigation
The ____ report summarizes the results of systems investigation and the process of feasibility analysis and recommends a course of action: continue on into systems analysis, modify the project in some manner, or drop it.
data collection
The purpose of ____ is to seek additional information about the problems or needs identified in the systems investigation report.
direct observation
With ____, one or more members of the analysis team directly observe the existing system in action.
questionnaires
When many data sources are spread over a wide geographic area, ____ might be the best approach to data collection.
Data analysis
____ is the manipulation of the collected data so that the development team members who are participating in systems analysis can use the data.
Data modeling
____ is a commonly accepted approach to modeling organizational objects and associations that employ both text and graphics.
data flow diagram
A(n) ____ models objects, associations, and activities by describing how data can flow between and around various objects.
systems design
The purpose of ____ is to answer the question “How will the information system solve a problem?”
Logical design
____ is a description of the functional requirements of a system.
Physical design
____ is the specification of the characteristics of the system components necessary to put the logical design into action.
design report
A(n) ____ is the primary result of systems design, reflecting the decisions made and preparing the way for systems implementation.
Systems implementation
____ includes hardware acquisition, programming and software acquisition or development, user preparation, hiring and training of personnel, site and data preparation, installation, testing, start-up, and user acceptance.
site preparation
The preparation of the location of a new system is called ____.
Data conversion
____ involves making sure that all files and databases are ready to be used with new computer software and systems.
Systems review
____ is the final step of systems development, involving the analysis of systems to make sure that they are operating as intended.

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