Teen Health Test Review #1

question
True or false: Overall health is related to the six dimensions of health.
answer
True
question
True or false: Wellness is a goal for which we all strive by improving each six dimensions of health.
answer
True
question
An individual is a fifty-year-old smoker that lives in a highly polluted city, gets no exercise, eats fast food every day, and has a family history of lung cancer. What is the uncontrollable risk factor?
answer
Heredity
question
What is NOT an effective way of taking charge of your health and wellness?
answer
Following the advice of media
question
Define and describe the different types of risk factors.
answer
Risk factors are anything that increase your chances of injury, illness, or health problems. There are two types or risk factors: controllable and uncontrollable. Uncontrollable risk factors are those like age, gender, race, etc., which you cannot change. Controllable risk factors relate to your situation or behavior choices.
question
If you wanted to improve your health by making better lifestyle choices, what are five choices that you could make?
answer
1. Getting 8-10 hours of sleep 2. Eating a healthy breakfast 3. Maintaining a healthy weight 4. Being active for 30 minutes most days 5. Avoiding tobacco, alcohol and other drugs
question
What are three things you could do if you were asked to become an advocate for health and wellness?
answer
1. Lead by example 2. Volunteer my time 3. Create public service announcements
question
True or false: Heart disease and cancer were two of the most common causes of death in 2006.
answer
True
question
Compare the most likely cause of death for an individual born in 1900 and an individual born in 2006.
answer
In 1900, communicable diseases (pneumonia, TB, influenza, chicken pox, and polio) were the most common causes of death. In 2006, lifestyle diseases (cancer, heart disease, and stroke) were the most common causes of death.
question
True or false: Cancer and diabetes are two common hereditary diseases.
answer
True
question
Heart disease is a hereditary risk factor in Jamal's family. Describe what kinds of behavioral choices he could make to reduce his risk of developing this disease.
answer
Sedentary lifestyle, drug and alcohol use, tobacco use, and poor diet are factors he can control.
question
Someone who promotes health and chooses safe, healthy, and legal behaviors is demonstrating what skill?
answer
Being responsible
question
An advertisement on the radio warning the public against the dangers of smoking is called a __________.
answer
Public Service Announcement
question
Lifestyle diseases are caused by a combination of __________.
answer
heredity, unhealthy behaviors, and the environment
question
Identify the characteristics of a physically healthy person.
answer
A physically healthy person gets regular exercise, avoids harmful habits, prevents injuries and gets adequate sleep.
question
What are the six dimensions of health?
answer
Physical, mental, emotional, social, spiritual and environmental
question
What is physical health?
answer
Refers to how well a person's body functions
question
What is mental health?
answer
Refers to a person's ability to recognize and cope with the demands of daily life
question
Describe a mentally healthy person.
answer
Free from mental illness, has high self-esteem and likes to try new things
question
What is emotional health?
answer
Refers to a person's ability to express feelings in appropriate ways
question
Describe an emotionally healthy person.
answer
Copes with unpleasant feelings without becoming overwhelmed and knows where to get support when it's needed
question
What is social health?
answer
Refers to the quality of a person's relationships with friends, family and others
question
Describe a socially healthy person.
answer
Respects others, seeks and lends support and communicates well
question
What is spiritual health?
answer
Refers to a person's connectedness with self and others; having spiritual direction and purpose
question
Describe a spiritually healthy person.
answer
Lives according to morals, values and ethics, has a sense of purpose, feels unity with others and lives in harmony with others
question
What is environmental health?
answer
Refers to a person's ability to keep their surroundings safe and enjoyable
question
Describe an environmentally healthy person.
answer
Has access to clean water and air, food and a clean living space, makes an effort to recycle and educates and protects themselves against
question
What are the steps of moving towards wellness?
answer
Take personal responsibility, make good choices, be willing to make changes, create balance, focus on quality of life, adopt lifestyle changes
question
List the three influences on health.
answer
Heredity, environment and culture
question
Define heredity.
answer
Traits that are biologically passed to a child from its parents
question
List the common hereditary diseases.
answer
Cancer, heart disease, diabetes, alcoholism and Alzheimer's
question
How can you be aware of your health?
answer
Get screened, look for indicators and self check
question
Define environment.
answer
A person's living and nonliving surroundings
question
Physical Environments
answer
Safety and environmental factors
question
Social Environments
answer
Peer influence and role models
question
Define culture.
answer
The shared values, beliefs and practices of a group
question
What are some cultural influences?
answer
Attitude, behavior and media technology
question
Major causes of death in 1900
answer
Pneumonia, tuberculosis, diarrhea, heart disease, stroke and kidney disease
question
How are communicable diseases spread?
answer
From person to person by direct or indirect contact
question
What were most diseases in the US caused by?
answer
Communicable diseases
question
Why are communicable diseases no longer a threat?
answer
Medical advances, better living conditions and preventive medicines
question
Major causes of death in 2006
answer
Heart disease, cancer, stroke, lower respiratory disease, diabetes
question
Lifestyle diseases are caused by...?
answer
A combination of unhealthy behaviors, heredity and environment
question
Define lifestyle choices.
answer
Decisions made on a daily basis that impact health
question
Define risk factor.
answer
Anything that increases the likelihood of injury, disease or other health problems
question
Define uncontrollable risk factor.
answer
Health risk factors over which individuals cannot control
question
Uncontrollable Risk Factors
answer
Age, heredity, gender
question
Define controllable risk factor.
answer
Health risk factors that are controlled by an individual's behavior.
question
Common risk behaviors
answer
Sedentary lifestyle, sexual activity, drug and alcohol abuse, tobacco use, poor diet, injury causing behaviors
question
Sedentary Lifestyle
answer
Not engaging in regular activity
question
Drug/Alcohol Abuse
answer
Major factor in accidents, fights, depression, mental disorders
question
Sexual Activity
answer
Can lead to sexually transmitted infections
question
Tobacco Use
answer
Single leading contributor to premature death in US
question
Poor diet
answer
Can increase chance of developing disease
question
Injury Causing Behaviors
answer
Behaviors that contribute to the injury of self or others
question
Teens and Risk Behaviors
answer
Car accidents, suicide, homicide, other
question
How to take charge of health
answer
Become health literate, participate in health education, be aware of government programs, advocate for your health and health of others
question
Health Literate
answer
Person's capacity to learn about and understand health info and services
question
Skills needed to become health literate
answer
Critical thinker- develops criteria for health info Problem solver- knows how to make decisions and health choices Responsible- promotes health and chooses safe, healthy and legal behaviors Self-directed- knows how and when to research health info Effective communicator- expresses health knowledge to others
question
Health education
answer
Providing accurate health info to make health choices
question
What do most states require?
answer
Some form of health education course
question
Government Health Initiatives
answer
Healthy people 2020, physical activity guidelines for Americans, dietary guidelines for Americans
question
How to become an advocate of health
answer
Lead by example, volunteer your time, create public service announcements
question
Public Service Announcement
answer
Message created to educate people about an issue
question
PSA examples
answer
Radio, TV, poster, essay
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question
True or false: Overall health is related to the six dimensions of health.
answer
True
question
True or false: Wellness is a goal for which we all strive by improving each six dimensions of health.
answer
True
question
An individual is a fifty-year-old smoker that lives in a highly polluted city, gets no exercise, eats fast food every day, and has a family history of lung cancer. What is the uncontrollable risk factor?
answer
Heredity
question
What is NOT an effective way of taking charge of your health and wellness?
answer
Following the advice of media
question
Define and describe the different types of risk factors.
answer
Risk factors are anything that increase your chances of injury, illness, or health problems. There are two types or risk factors: controllable and uncontrollable. Uncontrollable risk factors are those like age, gender, race, etc., which you cannot change. Controllable risk factors relate to your situation or behavior choices.
question
If you wanted to improve your health by making better lifestyle choices, what are five choices that you could make?
answer
1. Getting 8-10 hours of sleep 2. Eating a healthy breakfast 3. Maintaining a healthy weight 4. Being active for 30 minutes most days 5. Avoiding tobacco, alcohol and other drugs
question
What are three things you could do if you were asked to become an advocate for health and wellness?
answer
1. Lead by example 2. Volunteer my time 3. Create public service announcements
question
True or false: Heart disease and cancer were two of the most common causes of death in 2006.
answer
True
question
Compare the most likely cause of death for an individual born in 1900 and an individual born in 2006.
answer
In 1900, communicable diseases (pneumonia, TB, influenza, chicken pox, and polio) were the most common causes of death. In 2006, lifestyle diseases (cancer, heart disease, and stroke) were the most common causes of death.
question
True or false: Cancer and diabetes are two common hereditary diseases.
answer
True
question
Heart disease is a hereditary risk factor in Jamal's family. Describe what kinds of behavioral choices he could make to reduce his risk of developing this disease.
answer
Sedentary lifestyle, drug and alcohol use, tobacco use, and poor diet are factors he can control.
question
Someone who promotes health and chooses safe, healthy, and legal behaviors is demonstrating what skill?
answer
Being responsible
question
An advertisement on the radio warning the public against the dangers of smoking is called a __________.
answer
Public Service Announcement
question
Lifestyle diseases are caused by a combination of __________.
answer
heredity, unhealthy behaviors, and the environment
question
Identify the characteristics of a physically healthy person.
answer
A physically healthy person gets regular exercise, avoids harmful habits, prevents injuries and gets adequate sleep.
question
What are the six dimensions of health?
answer
Physical, mental, emotional, social, spiritual and environmental
question
What is physical health?
answer
Refers to how well a person's body functions
question
What is mental health?
answer
Refers to a person's ability to recognize and cope with the demands of daily life
question
Describe a mentally healthy person.
answer
Free from mental illness, has high self-esteem and likes to try new things
question
What is emotional health?
answer
Refers to a person's ability to express feelings in appropriate ways
question
Describe an emotionally healthy person.
answer
Copes with unpleasant feelings without becoming overwhelmed and knows where to get support when it's needed
question
What is social health?
answer
Refers to the quality of a person's relationships with friends, family and others
question
Describe a socially healthy person.
answer
Respects others, seeks and lends support and communicates well
question
What is spiritual health?
answer
Refers to a person's connectedness with self and others; having spiritual direction and purpose
question
Describe a spiritually healthy person.
answer
Lives according to morals, values and ethics, has a sense of purpose, feels unity with others and lives in harmony with others
question
What is environmental health?
answer
Refers to a person's ability to keep their surroundings safe and enjoyable
question
Describe an environmentally healthy person.
answer
Has access to clean water and air, food and a clean living space, makes an effort to recycle and educates and protects themselves against
question
What are the steps of moving towards wellness?
answer
Take personal responsibility, make good choices, be willing to make changes, create balance, focus on quality of life, adopt lifestyle changes
question
List the three influences on health.
answer
Heredity, environment and culture
question
Define heredity.
answer
Traits that are biologically passed to a child from its parents
question
List the common hereditary diseases.
answer
Cancer, heart disease, diabetes, alcoholism and Alzheimer's
question
How can you be aware of your health?
answer
Get screened, look for indicators and self check
question
Define environment.
answer
A person's living and nonliving surroundings
question
Physical Environments
answer
Safety and environmental factors
question
Social Environments
answer
Peer influence and role models
question
Define culture.
answer
The shared values, beliefs and practices of a group
question
What are some cultural influences?
answer
Attitude, behavior and media technology
question
Major causes of death in 1900
answer
Pneumonia, tuberculosis, diarrhea, heart disease, stroke and kidney disease
question
How are communicable diseases spread?
answer
From person to person by direct or indirect contact
question
What were most diseases in the US caused by?
answer
Communicable diseases
question
Why are communicable diseases no longer a threat?
answer
Medical advances, better living conditions and preventive medicines
question
Major causes of death in 2006
answer
Heart disease, cancer, stroke, lower respiratory disease, diabetes
question
Lifestyle diseases are caused by...?
answer
A combination of unhealthy behaviors, heredity and environment
question
Define lifestyle choices.
answer
Decisions made on a daily basis that impact health
question
Define risk factor.
answer
Anything that increases the likelihood of injury, disease or other health problems
question
Define uncontrollable risk factor.
answer
Health risk factors over which individuals cannot control
question
Uncontrollable Risk Factors
answer
Age, heredity, gender
question
Define controllable risk factor.
answer
Health risk factors that are controlled by an individual's behavior.
question
Common risk behaviors
answer
Sedentary lifestyle, sexual activity, drug and alcohol abuse, tobacco use, poor diet, injury causing behaviors
question
Sedentary Lifestyle
answer
Not engaging in regular activity
question
Drug/Alcohol Abuse
answer
Major factor in accidents, fights, depression, mental disorders
question
Sexual Activity
answer
Can lead to sexually transmitted infections
question
Tobacco Use
answer
Single leading contributor to premature death in US
question
Poor diet
answer
Can increase chance of developing disease
question
Injury Causing Behaviors
answer
Behaviors that contribute to the injury of self or others
question
Teens and Risk Behaviors
answer
Car accidents, suicide, homicide, other
question
How to take charge of health
answer
Become health literate, participate in health education, be aware of government programs, advocate for your health and health of others
question
Health Literate
answer
Person's capacity to learn about and understand health info and services
question
Skills needed to become health literate
answer
Critical thinker- develops criteria for health info Problem solver- knows how to make decisions and health choices Responsible- promotes health and chooses safe, healthy and legal behaviors Self-directed- knows how and when to research health info Effective communicator- expresses health knowledge to others
question
Health education
answer
Providing accurate health info to make health choices
question
What do most states require?
answer
Some form of health education course
question
Government Health Initiatives
answer
Healthy people 2020, physical activity guidelines for Americans, dietary guidelines for Americans
question
How to become an advocate of health
answer
Lead by example, volunteer your time, create public service announcements
question
Public Service Announcement
answer
Message created to educate people about an issue
question
PSA examples
answer
Radio, TV, poster, essay