Teen Health Test Review #1

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True or false: Overall health is related to the six dimensions of health.
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True
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True or false: Wellness is a goal for which we all strive by improving each six dimensions of health.
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True
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An individual is a fifty-year-old smoker that lives in a highly polluted city, gets no exercise, eats fast food every day, and has a family history of lung cancer. What is the uncontrollable risk factor?
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Heredity
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What is NOT an effective way of taking charge of your health and wellness?
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Following the advice of media
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Define and describe the different types of risk factors.
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Risk factors are anything that increase your chances of injury, illness, or health problems. There are two types or risk factors: controllable and uncontrollable. Uncontrollable risk factors are those like age, gender, race, etc., which you cannot change. Controllable risk factors relate to your situation or behavior choices.
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If you wanted to improve your health by making better lifestyle choices, what are five choices that you could make?
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1. Getting 8-10 hours of sleep 2. Eating a healthy breakfast 3. Maintaining a healthy weight 4. Being active for 30 minutes most days 5. Avoiding tobacco, alcohol and other drugs
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What are three things you could do if you were asked to become an advocate for health and wellness?
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1. Lead by example 2. Volunteer my time 3. Create public service announcements
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True or false: Heart disease and cancer were two of the most common causes of death in 2006.
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True
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Compare the most likely cause of death for an individual born in 1900 and an individual born in 2006.
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In 1900, communicable diseases (pneumonia, TB, influenza, chicken pox, and polio) were the most common causes of death. In 2006, lifestyle diseases (cancer, heart disease, and stroke) were the most common causes of death.
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True or false: Cancer and diabetes are two common hereditary diseases.
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True
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Heart disease is a hereditary risk factor in Jamal’s family. Describe what kinds of behavioral choices he could make to reduce his risk of developing this disease.
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Sedentary lifestyle, drug and alcohol use, tobacco use, and poor diet are factors he can control.
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Someone who promotes health and chooses safe, healthy, and legal behaviors is demonstrating what skill?
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Being responsible
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An advertisement on the radio warning the public against the dangers of smoking is called a __________.
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Public Service Announcement
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Lifestyle diseases are caused by a combination of __________.
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heredity, unhealthy behaviors, and the environment
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Identify the characteristics of a physically healthy person.
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A physically healthy person gets regular exercise, avoids harmful habits, prevents injuries and gets adequate sleep.
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What are the six dimensions of health?
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Physical, mental, emotional, social, spiritual and environmental
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What is physical health?
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Refers to how well a person’s body functions
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What is mental health?
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Refers to a person’s ability to recognize and cope with the demands of daily life
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Describe a mentally healthy person.
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Free from mental illness, has high self-esteem and likes to try new things
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What is emotional health?
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Refers to a person’s ability to express feelings in appropriate ways
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Describe an emotionally healthy person.
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Copes with unpleasant feelings without becoming overwhelmed and knows where to get support when it’s needed
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What is social health?
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Refers to the quality of a person’s relationships with friends, family and others
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Describe a socially healthy person.
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Respects others, seeks and lends support and communicates well
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What is spiritual health?
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Refers to a person’s connectedness with self and others; having spiritual direction and purpose
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Describe a spiritually healthy person.
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Lives according to morals, values and ethics, has a sense of purpose, feels unity with others and lives in harmony with others
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What is environmental health?
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Refers to a person’s ability to keep their surroundings safe and enjoyable
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Describe an environmentally healthy person.
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Has access to clean water and air, food and a clean living space, makes an effort to recycle and educates and protects themselves against
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What are the steps of moving towards wellness?
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Take personal responsibility, make good choices, be willing to make changes, create balance, focus on quality of life, adopt lifestyle changes
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List the three influences on health.
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Heredity, environment and culture
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Define heredity.
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Traits that are biologically passed to a child from its parents
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List the common hereditary diseases.
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Cancer, heart disease, diabetes, alcoholism and Alzheimer’s
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How can you be aware of your health?
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Get screened, look for indicators and self check
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Define environment.
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A person’s living and nonliving surroundings
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Physical Environments
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Safety and environmental factors
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Social Environments
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Peer influence and role models
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Define culture.
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The shared values, beliefs and practices of a group
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What are some cultural influences?
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Attitude, behavior and media technology
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Major causes of death in 1900
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Pneumonia, tuberculosis, diarrhea, heart disease, stroke and kidney disease
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How are communicable diseases spread?
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From person to person by direct or indirect contact
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What were most diseases in the US caused by?
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Communicable diseases
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Why are communicable diseases no longer a threat?
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Medical advances, better living conditions and preventive medicines
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Major causes of death in 2006
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Heart disease, cancer, stroke, lower respiratory disease, diabetes
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Lifestyle diseases are caused by…?
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A combination of unhealthy behaviors, heredity and environment
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Define lifestyle choices.
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Decisions made on a daily basis that impact health
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Define risk factor.
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Anything that increases the likelihood of injury, disease or other health problems
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Define uncontrollable risk factor.
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Health risk factors over which individuals cannot control
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Uncontrollable Risk Factors
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Age, heredity, gender
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Define controllable risk factor.
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Health risk factors that are controlled by an individual’s behavior.
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Common risk behaviors
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Sedentary lifestyle, sexual activity, drug and alcohol abuse, tobacco use, poor diet, injury causing behaviors
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Sedentary Lifestyle
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Not engaging in regular activity
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Drug/Alcohol Abuse
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Major factor in accidents, fights, depression, mental disorders
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Sexual Activity
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Can lead to sexually transmitted infections
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Tobacco Use
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Single leading contributor to premature death in US
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Poor diet
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Can increase chance of developing disease
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Injury Causing Behaviors
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Behaviors that contribute to the injury of self or others
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Teens and Risk Behaviors
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Car accidents, suicide, homicide, other
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How to take charge of health
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Become health literate, participate in health education, be aware of government programs, advocate for your health and health of others
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Health Literate
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Person’s capacity to learn about and understand health info and services
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Skills needed to become health literate
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Critical thinker- develops criteria for health info Problem solver- knows how to make decisions and health choices Responsible- promotes health and chooses safe, healthy and legal behaviors Self-directed- knows how and when to research health info Effective communicator- expresses health knowledge to others
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Health education
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Providing accurate health info to make health choices
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What do most states require?
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Some form of health education course
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Government Health Initiatives
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Healthy people 2020, physical activity guidelines for Americans, dietary guidelines for Americans
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How to become an advocate of health
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Lead by example, volunteer your time, create public service announcements
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Public Service Announcement
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Message created to educate people about an issue
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PSA examples
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Radio, TV, poster, essay

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