Systems Chapter 7

Flashcard maker : Lily Taylor
For efficiency purposes, it is wise to___________ when there is a basic software need to be satisfied.

Implement a company-wide project team to handle a custom software scripting

Purchase a packaged system

Design a blueprint and contract an outside vendor to develop a program

Make do with the current software package

Utilize a professional consultant to develop a system of servers

Purchase a packaged system
An advantage of custom development might be:

You get a system that is tailored to the current business and meets specific needs

The rapid development of custom systems

The low cost (as compared to buying a package)

The low risk factor

The ability for in-house developers to work on systems that are in new programming languages and in technologies that are unknown to them prior to the development

You get a system that is tailored to the current business and meets specific needs:
Custom development that can be achieved by the in-house team and core business practices are both examples of times when outsourcing is not an option.

True
False

True
What makes systems integration so difficult?

Finding the original data to install on the new server

Creating a ghost drive to house the old information

Installing new software packages on older machines

Bringing legacy system data and new data together

None of the above

Bringing legacy system data and new data together
A common need to the business should be satisfied by contracting with an Application Service Provider (ASP).

True
False

True
In a custom software case, all parts of the system need to be completely customized and scripted to the company’s specifications including ancillary software to the current system.

True
False

False
The following document is utilized with possible vendors on projects with smaller budgets, instead of sending a lengthy document to all possible vendors:

Request for Proposal (RFP)
Request for Information (RFI)
Request for Quote (RFQ)
Request for Efficient Information Distribution (REID)
More Optimal Desires (MOD)

Request for Information (RFI)
System design is the determination of the overall system architecture-consisting of a set of physical processing components, _______________, and the communication among them-that will satisfy the system’s essential requirements.

Workmanship
Order entry methods, HR feedback
Hardware, Software, People
Engineering data plans, fiber optic specifications
None of the above

Hardware, Software, People
Another name for custom development might be:

Offshore outsourcing
In-house development
Vendor supplied in-house consulting
CASE tools
Package software

In-house development
System requirements are communicated through a collection of design documents and physical processes and data models.

True
False

True
In the initial stage of design, what are business requirements converted into?

System Requirements
Work Order Summary
Computer Qualifications Checklist
Vanilla System
Hardware Blueprint

System Requirements
If (a) the business need is unique, (b) there is a desire to build in-house skills; (c) the time frame is flexible, it might be best to:

Do in-house / custom development
Buy an ERP system
Outsource to India
Purchase a software package
Hire a consultant

Do in-house / custom development
A workaround is a custom-built add-on program that interfaces with packaged applications to handle specific needs.

True
False

True
CRUD stands for Create, Redesign, Update and Deploy – and is a matrix of table functions in databases.

True
False

False
A department head is apprehensive as to what implementation system he should employ. The best method of ensuring a successful and efficient installation of the new systems would be to utilize an alternative matrix.

True
False

True
An IT department has just received its newest onslaught of system maintenance requests from the finance, marketing and accounting divisions and has added them to the growing list of fixes needed. Tomorrow, there will be a request placed by the CTO that there is to be a new processing system put into place that will take the place of the current MS Word system. The best alternative is to utilize a custom program that will replace the original program.

True
False

False
Packaged systems are used when:

The business need is not core to the business

There is a desire to build in-house skills

The time frame is flexible

The project has a project manager who can coordinate vendor efforts

The decision to outsource is strategic

The project has a project manager who can coordinate vendor efforts
During the initial part of design, the project team converts the business requirements for the system into system requirements.

True
False

True
If (a) the business need is common; (b) the skills needed are not strategic; (c) the time frame is short; it might be best to:

Use in-house / custom development
Hire a vendor to write the code for you
Outsource to India
Purchase a software package
Hire a consultant

Purchase a software package
Fixed-price contracts are considered:

Very flexible
Very rigid
Always cheaper than any other option
Useless when considering a systems design
Always the best option for any project

Very rigid
The system inputs and outputs will be designed along with a plan or__________ of the way the system’s features will be navigated.

Blueprint
Compass
Instructional Guide
Roadmap
FAQ

Roadmap
In what SDLC stage do we determine the business needs for an information systems project?

The design phase
The analysis phase
The dissection stage
The installation stage
The big bang stage

The design phase
One problem with using packages software systems is:

It takes a very long time to get the system and get it installed

The company has to accept the functionality that is provided with the system

Many common software packages have been written and tested and are readily available

There are many good software packages that are reasonable in price

Most software packages allow for some customization

The company has to accept the functionality that is provided with the system
Custom development is used when:

The business need is unique

The business need is not core to the business

The project has a project manager who can coordinate vendor efforts

The time frame is short

The skills are not strategic

The business need is unique
Systems Integration refers to:

The process of synching all computers to the mainframe

The delivery of systems to the final destination office

Combining packaged software, the legacy system and new software

Adding the original hard drives to a newer system

Creating a new software to monitor power consumption

Combining packaged software, the legacy system and new software
During the design phase, the project team carefully considers the nonfunctional business requirements (such as performance, cultural and political aspects).

True
False

True
If on a limited time budget, the best way to be sure you remain efficient and effective in designing a system is to utilize the ____________.

Porters 5 Forces Model
Outsourcing Model
RAD and Timeboxing Techniques
Hire/Fire Motivational Theory
Not Attempt the Project

RAD and Timeboxing Techniques
Requests for Proposals (RFPs) serve what purpose?

Integrate systems with one another
Create synergy amongst staff members
Solicit information from providers
Engage mobile computers with mainframe technology
Develop morale amongst managers

Solicit information from providers
Building a system in-house builds technical skills and functional knowledge that one may not want to allow to walk out of the door.

True
False

True
In terms of project management, which option might require excellent project management skills and a proven methodology?

Outsourcing to Nebraska
Outsourcing to India
Buying a packaged solution
Doing custom development
Buying an ERP system

Doing custom development
Application Software Providers (ASPs) should be utilized when considering non-core programming and/custom needs.

True
False

False
Application service providers might be best associated with:

In-house development
Packaged software
Unique and strategic systems
Outsourcing
Internet Service Providers

Outsourcing
CASE repository entries are updated to reflect specific technology decisions as they are made.

True
False

True
A time and arrangements deal is considered:

Very flexible
Very rigid
Cheaper than any other option
Useless when considering a systems design
Always the best option for any project

Very flexible
In the analysis phase, architecture decisions are made and written up in the ‘hardware and software specifications’.

True
False

False

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