Wat Is Supportersgeweld? Hooliganism Casuals Essay Example
Wat Is Supportersgeweld? Hooliganism Casuals Essay Example

Wat Is Supportersgeweld? Hooliganism Casuals Essay Example

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  • Pages: 4 (926 words)
  • Published: July 24, 2017
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In today's world, fan violence is a widespread issue that is frequently reported and has been particularly highlighted in recent months. This has sparked our interest and led us to conduct additional research on the subject.

Both of us have chosen the subject of football due to our experience playing it. Football is notorious for its frequent instances of fan violence, with hooligans often engaging in fights after games. Our curiosity about the culture surrounding football led us to find this topic intriguing for further exploration. However, it is crucial to recognize that there is more to football than just supporter violence.

In addition to other sports, we observe fan violence, though to a lesser degree. Our objective was to determine the source and motivations behind such behavior, leading us to conduct historical research and interview an actual bully. Furthermore, we have included a list


of relevant articles at the end of this document, and have mentioned them within the paper itself. Hereby, we aim to provide insight into this matter.

Understanding the importance of investigating supporter violence, commonly referred to as Hooliganism, is key. Hooliganism is mainly associated with fan violence at football matches, often occurring during or after sporting events. Football matches experience the highest number of hooliganism incidents due to the severe consequences that result from these acts of violence.

Not only is violence prevalent at football matches, but it has also become increasingly common at outdoor protests and demonstrations. It is important to differentiate between general hooliganism and football hooliganism. Football hooliganism refers to aggressive and intense behavior that occurs in response to a referee's decision or the actions of an opposing player, often stirrin

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up high levels of excitement among fans in the stands. While this behavior usually does not result in extreme violence, there are occasional instances where objects like chairs are thrown. On the other hand, general hooliganism is typically premeditated and not prompted by specific decisions or behaviors.

Hooliganism has become more organized and systematic. The bullies, who are known as the protagonists of two teams, often plan to meet before matches in order to engage in fights. While violence inside stadiums used to be prevalent, stricter police measures have led to a decline in genuine hooliganism. As a result, intense hooliganism has shifted to different locations where these individuals agree to gather and fight each other. This behavior typically occurs during the Hun nine match, although it can also happen independently of any specific game involvement. In addition to hooliganism, there has been a related movement advocating for casual workforce that has emerged.

Casuals is a subculture of new wave football hooliganism that originated in England in the late 1970s. It began to develop as English football clubs made more trips to Europe. This subculture primarily includes fans from West Ham United, Nottingham Forest, Millwall FC, Liverpool, and Everton. These fans would often return from their trips with stolen expensive designer clothing, typically acquired during the riots started by the new wave protagonists.

The protagonists, commonly known as a football firm, often wore specific clothing in order to make it more difficult for the police to locate them and easier for them to enter enemy residences. Over time, this subculture grew and evolved, greatly influencing the current youth culture with its ever-changing trends and behaviors. In the 1990s,

the movement experienced a significant resurgence, although the appearance of the new wave subculture had evolved. Many protagonists donned the Casual Look as a way to differentiate themselves from regular fans.

Recognizable by their designer clothes such as Stone Island, Burberry, Aquascutum, Paul Shark, and Lacoste, a group of dice known as the Casuals emerged with every nine. However, as the 20th century began, this subculture underwent a transformation that made them recognizable to the police once again. The police now identified them by the designer clothes they wore, similar to ALSs when the Casuals in England were primarily bootboys. Although the protagonists still sported Stone Island, the other mentioned branded clothing was no longer favored by the Casuals. To make themselves less recognizable, they removed the new wave brand. Nonetheless, since the brand's two buttons remained attached, the police could still identify them as Casuals.

The popularity of the Casuals led to an increase in other brand's popularity. In Europe, different rough ball sports arose including Soule (France), Hurling (England), and Calcio (Italy). These sports were renowned for their brutality, often resulting in injuries and sometimes fatalities. Football and rugby in England originated from these folk sports, attracting many working-class individuals. However, during this period, there was still no notable presence of referees who could regulate the games.

As football gained popularity, it led to the formation of football clubs. The sport was mainly dominated by workers, who comprised the majority of players and participants. While there were sporadic instances of football hooliganism during this period, it was confined to a small group of people. However, it wasn't until the 1950s that hooliganism started to escalate significantly.


to societal changes, the folk culture in Western Europe underwent a transformation, giving rise to new subcultures such as the nozems. The nozems were working-class youth who frequently resorted to violence. They even displayed aggression during soccer games.

The extensive media coverage in England led to the widespread occurrence of hooliganism. Additionally, the influence of television broadcasts and international matches helped this phenomenon spread to other parts of Europe, especially emerging countries. In the 1970s, the Netherlands experienced the emergence of its first hooligan groups.

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