SPEECH 101 M NOTES

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Scanning
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moving your gaze from one listener to another and pausing briefly to make direct eye contact is called:
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No (it’s part from a persuasive speech)
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Is it advocating part of an informative speech?
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communication process
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Consists of a source who encodes a message and transmits it through a channel to a receiver who decodes it and may give feedback
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source, encode, channel, receiver, decode, noise (interference), feedback
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mention the 7 parts of the communication process:
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Source
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the one that send the message
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channel
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A medium though which a message is sent to the audience
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receiver
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The person to whom a message is sent.
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encode
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Converting ideas into words or gestures that will convey meaning.
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decode
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interpreting the meaning of the message
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interference (noise)
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Anything that disturbs and blocks a message in the communication process
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feedback
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A listener’s response that tells a sender that the message is understood- could be verbal or nonverbal
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Public speaking anxiety
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as a speaker, the fear associated with actual or anticipated communication with an audience is known as:
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Audience psychology
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this is the study of the audience’s attitudes, beliefs, values and personality traits
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economic standing of the audience
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If you were giving an informative speech to a general audience about the war in Vietnam, the most important demographic factor to consider in analyzing your audience would probably be:
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source type, author and the author’s qualifications
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When citing sources during a speech, a speaker should usually identify the:
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appreciative, emphatic, comprehensive and critical
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list the 4 types of listening:
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demographic
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Cultural background would be which kind of characteristic of an audience?
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False
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True or false: audience analysis is only important after a speaker has prepared an outline for the speech
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Defensive listening
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This is when the receiver blocks out certain messages that may challenge his or her attitudes and opinions:
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True
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You can articulate a word sharply and still mispronounce it
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Wrong
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Ethnocentrism is unique to western cultures such as those in the USA and Europe, right or wrong?
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Incorrect
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Parallel form involves stating main points in different grammatical form and style, is this correct or incorrect?
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No because they are the same
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A working outline is usually longer and more detailed than a sentence outline, yes or no?
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Ad Hominem
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In an argument, this is an attack on the person rather than on the opponent’s ideas. It comes from the Latin meaning “against the man.”

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