SPCH 1318 – Exam 1

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Interpersonal relationships
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develop unique qualities
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Which of the following is a channel for communication?
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All of these choices are correct
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Maslow’s hierarchy of needs is important to the study of interpersonal communication because
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communication is usually necessary to meet each level of need.
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Effective communicators have been found to
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have a wide range of behaviors from which to choose.
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Of the communication models described in your text, the linear model most accurately describes the interpersonal communication process.
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False
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Skillful, integrated communicators are characterized by
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communicating competently without needing to think constantly about how to behave.
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Communication, as the term is used in your text, consists only of messages that a sender deliberately conveys.
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False
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The environments that communicators occupy are
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fields of experience that affect how they understand others’ behavior.
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Too much communication can have negative outcomes.
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True
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A cognitively complex communicator
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considers an issue from several angles.
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Integrated communicators express themselves in skillful ways because
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they have internalized effective behavior.
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When people communicate, they are often both senders and receivers of messages at the same time.
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True
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An interpersonal relationship differs from an impersonal one because
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All of these choices are correct
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Internet users have more social networks than non-users.
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True
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All of the following are examples of social comparison except
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thinking over how you have added muscle mass in the last four months.
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An example of a presenting self is
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all of these choices
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Someone who is a “significant other” is
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a person whose opinion we especially value.
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Which of the following is definitely not an example of a self-fulfilling prophecy?
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All of these choices qualify as examples of self-fulfilling prophecies.
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The higher levels of anxiety about speaking out in countries such as China, Korea, and Japan indicate that
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reticence is valued in these cultures.
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The self-concept is a relatively stable set of perceptions you hold of yourself.
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True
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The face you try to show to others is called the perceived self.
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False
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We tend to resist revising our own self-concept even if the new self image is more positive.
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True
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The private self you honestly believe you are
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perceived self
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People who are high self-monitors
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are much more aware of their impression management behavior than others.
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Process of judging ourselves by the evaluations of others
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reflected appraisal
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The kind of person you believe yourself to be is called the
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perceived self.
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According to your text, “ego-boosters and busters” are
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people or words that influence the self-concept positively or negatively.
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The relatively stable set of perceptions you hold of yourself is called your
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self-concept.
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Opinions of family members or teachers early in your life have little impact on the formation of your self-concept.
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False
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The private self you honestly believe you are.
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perceived self
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People who subscribe to the fallacy of perfection believe
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a worthwhile communicator should be able to handle any situation with complete confidence and skill.
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Facilitative feelings
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contribute to effective functioning.
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According to your text, one reason people don’t express feelings is
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they lack awareness of their emotions.
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The “amygdale” refers to
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X a reservoir of emotional memories
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Research indicates that people from warmer climates are more emotionally expressive than people from cooler climates.
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True
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Expanding your emotional vocabulary is one suggestion your text makes for expressing your emotions.
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True
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Even across cultures, men tend to say “I love you” more than women.
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False
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Feelings are often recognized by nonverbal changes, such as blushing.
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True
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Since collectivist cultures pay more attention to nonverbal behaviors, they are better at expressing both positive and negative emotions.
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False
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All of the following are parts of the procedure for dealing with debilitative feelings except:
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Analyze your motives
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Self-talk
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All of these choices are correct -can be facilitative or debilitative. -can determine how you feel. -includes identifying an event, your thought, and feeling. -allows you to have control over how you feel.
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An empty feeling in the pit of your stomach, tense muscles, and headaches are examples of the emotional component labeled
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Physiological changes
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Generally speaking, people are more likely to share negative emotions rather than positive emotions.
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False
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According to your text, women are more likely than men to express all of the following emotions except their own
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strength.
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A particularly powerful form of debilitative self-talk is
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rumination.
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“I feel like quitting school” is an example of
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an emotionally counterfeit statement.
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Each of the following is an example of an emotionally counterfeit statement except
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I want to go to a play since I’m bored.
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According to cognitive psychologists, it is not events that cause people to feel bad, but rather the beliefs they hold about the events.
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True
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Over-expression of emotion may create physiological ailments as much as under-expression of emotion.
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True
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Emotions that we experience are a result of
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X All of these choices are correct.
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It is always clear what emotion someone is experiencing if you closely observe his nonverbal behavior.
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False
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Debilitative emotions
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detract from effective functioning.
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“My roommate ought to be more understanding.” This quote is an example of the fallacy of
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shoulds.
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Academic background is the best predictor of the ability to detect and interpret emotional expressions.
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False
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All human languages are symbolic in nature.
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True
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If you take an “easy” class your friend recommended and find it “hard,” you have had semantic problems due to
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relative words.
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A speaker’s willingness to take responsibility for his/her thoughts or feelings can be indicated by the use of
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“I” language.
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“I’m rather upset” is more powerful language than “I’m upset.”
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False
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Low-context cultures use language to maintain social harmony.
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False
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Convergent speech patterns
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demonstrate affiliation with one another.
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Equivocal words are words that can be interpreted in more than one way.
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True
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Speech can build and demonstrate solidarity with others.
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True
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A perfectly worded “I” statement delivered with total sincerity will ensure that the other person will not get defensive.
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False
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Problems can arise when we label our opinions as facts.
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True
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Misunderstandings that revolve around equivocal and relative language can all be clarified by
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replacing abstract terms with concrete ones.
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“Frank is lazy” is an example of which semantic problem?
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static evaluation.
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Highly abstract language can lead to which of the following problems?
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All of these choices are correct
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Asking questions may be a linguistic way to avoid making a declaration.
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True
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Much of the awkwardness that comes with first using “I” language is due to its unfamiliarity.
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True
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“We” language
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All of these choices are correct
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“No” is so clear and short that it is one of the few words that is never misinterpreted.
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False
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Men discuss with other men the same conversation topics that women discuss with other women.
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False
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In cultures that stress formality in language,
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language use defines social position.
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Low abstract language can lead to blanket judgments and stereotyping.
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False
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In a low-context language culture, you will notice
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self-expression valued.
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A behavioral description should include
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All of these choices are correct.

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