sociology vocab 4

cultural universals
common features that are found in all human cultures.

tendency to view one’s own culture and group as superior to all other cultures and groups.

cultural relativism
a belief that cultures should be judged by their own standards.

a group with its own unique values, norms, and behaviors that exists within a larger culture.

a group that rejects the values, norms, and practices of the larger society and replaces them with a new set of cultural patterns.

so that societies can make sure that their basic needs are fulfilled
Why do cultural universals exist?

New Guinea
Where did Margaret Mead live in the 1930s to conduct her study of cultural variation?

to determine what general traits are common to all cultures
Why did George Murdock examine hundreds of different cultures in the 1940s?

The most complex level of culture is the culture trait. t or f

we create our culture and communicate it to group members
How is the use of symbols related to culture?

group of interdependent people who have organized in such a way as to share a common culture and feeling of unity
How is society different from culture?

are the unique cultural practices of various subgroups
What causes variation within societies?