Sociology – Social Institutions

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Meet basic needs not met by other social institutions
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No.1 Function of Religion
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Meet ultimate concerns with life and death
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No. 2 Function of Religion
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Explain the meaning of existence
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No. 3 Function of Religion
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Provide social stability … provide individuals a moral and ethical code of behavior
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No. 4 Function of Religion
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Neathanderthal man (Homo Neanderthanlensis)
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Seemed to have some religious faith Storms -> concluded supernatural powers existed Creation of code of ethics
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Emile Durkheim
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Viewed religion functions and ceremonies as a way to bring a community together
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Karl Marx
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Believed that religion divided the classes into strong vs. weak
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Education
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Institution that passes on essential cultural knowledge to members of a society Necessary to pass info and knowledge of the culture to the next generation
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Economy
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Way that resources are used to meet human needs and wants Allows people to make a living and determines how to acquire and distribute goods and services
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Human culture is not biologically inherited, but learned.
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No. 1 Function of Education
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Young people develop social personalities through adult care and teaching
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No. 2 Function of Education
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Educating the culturally diverse and deprived
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One of the major problems to face American Education
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Continue the existing culture
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No. 1 Goal of education today
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Add to the existing culture
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No. 2 Goal of education today
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Advance to the existing culture
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No. 3 Goal of education today
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Family
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First and most basic social unit of society
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Family
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Necessary to care for the young, to provide kinship system for social organization
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Nuclear family
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Family of just parents and children
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Extended family
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Other relatives, such as grandparents, uncles, and aunts, are also included in the family
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Social institution
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Important human organization in a culture group that helps a society survive
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Government Religion Education Economy Family
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Five basic social institutions that are necessary for society to survive
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Government
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Political organization of a society Keep order and make good decisions
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Religion
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Represents the moral belief system of a society Determine group values; have a common belief system

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