Sociology Quiz #5 ANSWERS

According to the text, between 2015 and 2030, the number of older Americans will:
nearly double

The discipline concerned with the study of the social aspects of aging is known as:
social gerontology

The sociological definition of aging includes the:
biological, psychological, and social processes that affect people as they grow older

The best description of the life expectancy of women relative to the life expectancy of men is that the gap between men and women has:
widened, particularly since 1950 with women outliving men

The theory that explicitly argues that it is functional for society to remove elderly people from their roles to free those for others who would be more successful and productive is:
disengagement theory

The source of many of the problems of aging, according to social conflict theories, is that:
social institutions favor those who have the most economic power

The governmental program that covers the cost of acute medical care for people who are elderly is:
Medicare

The governmental program that provides retirement pay for all elderly persons who have worked at least a minimum number of years in their lifetime is:
Social Security

There is a social class gradient in obesity in our society because:
high-fat food and supersize meals are cheaper and more accessible than more nutritious foods

The group that has the highest life expectancy at birth is composed of:
white and Hispanic females

Which of the following groups had the higher mortality rate due to murder in 2013?
young black men

The gender gap in life expectancy between men and women increased during the twentieth century because:
the major causes of death changed to those influenced by behavior, and women tend to engage in fewer life-shortening behaviors than men

The growth rate of a population will increase most dramatically if _________
females start reproducing at a younger age

Factors lowering fertility rates in the second demographic transition include:
shifts in the family structure

As population growth rate increases, the doubling time _______________.
decreases

The northeast corridor of the United States, an area covering some 450 miles from north of Boston to South of Washington, D.C., has 44 million people. The area is referred to as a:
megalopolis

A cluster of cities and towns forming a continuous network is called:
a conurbation

Although today sociologists tend to use the terms interchangeably, ghettos are areas where particular people are forced to live whereas slums are:
areas populated by poor people

Megacities are:
connection points between huge populations of people and the global economy

The shift of large segments of population away from the urban core and toward the edge of cities is known as:
suburbanization

The process of more-affluent groups moving back into cities and renovating dilapidated buildings and neighborhoods is called:
gentrification

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