Sociology Ch 1 Quiz.

The “grand narrative” that constitutes a social identity:
is nothing more than a sum of individual stories told between pairs of individuals.
Postmodern sociologists argue that all so-called objective phenomena are open to debate because all meaning is subjective. Thus, to postmodernists, all “facts” are really:
social constructs.
Explaining unique cases is the focus of most historians, whereas the comparative method is the staple of the sociologist. This comparative method is also known as:
the nomothetic approach.
Robert Merton’s modern sociological theory focused on attempting to predict how certain social institutions function between microsociology and macrosociology. This is known as
midrange theory.
“If men define situations as real, they are real in their consequences” is the theory of which of the following Chicago School theorists?
W. I. Thomas
What do symbolic interactionists study?
The examination of human behavior within a rational actor model is the focus of which of the following “cousins” of sociology?
economics
American sociology in the United States began at which of the following universities?
University of Chicago
According to research used to question credentialism, what might it cost to buy a college diploma online?
$29.95
Positivism is best defined as the:
idea that we can scientifically and logically study social institutions and the individuals within them.
The Division of Labor in Society was the first of many sociological contributions from:
Émile Durkheim.
Which of the following sociologists wrote Suicide in 1897
Émile Durkheim
All of the following are examples of social institutions used to prevent websites from undermining colleges’ degree-conferring abilities EXCEPT:
copyright law.
b.
families.
c.
police forces.
d.
employers.
families
Feeling discomfort about rural Chinese society, where many generations of a family sleep in the same bed, is known as:
xenophobia
Who criticized Marx for focusing exclusively on economics and social class as explanations for human behavior and advocated sociological analyses that allowed for multiple influences?
Max Weber
Which of the following argues that the organizing narratives of history are over, and that progress has led to a condition where there are no shared, objective meanings?
postmodernism
Sociology is the study of:
Correctc. group-level dynamics and social structures.
In contrast to functionalism, which modern sociological theory borrows from Marx’s belief that competition, not consensus, is the essential cause of social change?
conflict theory
Chicago was a good place to study urbanism using more of a community-based approach (a.k.a. social ecology). Why?
The population was experiencing rapid growth due to foreign immigration and the influx of African Americans from the rural South.
Who was the author of the first methods book in the discipline of sociology?
Harriet Martineau
Although positivism originated with Auguste Comte, the person who is often considered to be the first practitioner of positivism is:
Émile Durkheim.
Each of the following is known as one of the three epistemological stages of human society, as explained by Comte, EXCEPT:
the postscientific stage.
To truly understand why people act the way they do, we must understand the meanings they attach to their behaviors. Max Weber called this:
Verstehen
According to Comte, positivism arose out of a need to make ____________ sense of the social order in a time of declining religious authority.
moral
According to Randall Collins’s (1979) research, the expansion of higher education is:
a result of credentialism and expenditures on formal education.
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