Social Work & Social Welfare Terms ch 1

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What is Social Work?
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The professional activity of helping individuals, groups or communities enhance or restore their capacity for social functioning and creating societal conditions favorable to this goal.
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Social Work Practice consist of?
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professional application of social work values, principles and techniques.
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what are the four techniques of social work?
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-Helping people to obtain tangible services (housing, food or income). -Providing counseling and psychotherapy with individuals, families and groups. – Helping communities or groups improve social and health services -Participating in relevant legislative processes.
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five goals of social work
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1. help individuals, groups, communities. 2. Entails a solid foundation of values and principles that guide what practitioners should and should not do. 3. techniques and skills to accomplish goals 4. help people get services they need by linking them to available resources. 5. participate in legislative process to promote positive social change.
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What is Social Welfare?
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is a nation’s system of programs, benefits, and services that help people meet those social, economic, educational, and health needs that are fundamental to the maintenance of society.
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two basic dimensions of welfare
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1. What people get from society (programs, benefits, and services) 2. How well their needs (including social, economic, educational, and health) are being met.
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How Reid describes social welfare
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\”an idea, that idea being one of a decent society that proves the opportunities for work and human meaning, provides reasonable security from want and assault, promotes fairness and evaluation based on individual merit, and is economically productive and stable\”
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How are social welfare and social work related?
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Social work serves to improve people’s social and economic welfare. it does in so many ways including health, mental health, and financial assistance, among many others.
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Who can be benefit from these two?
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older adults, children and families, people with disabilities, and people involved with legal system.
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three different perspectives of social welfare
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1. Residual- focuses on problems and gaps (people’s own fault if they need outside help) 2. Institutional- views people needs as a normal part of life (society has responsibility to provide needed benefits and services). 3. Developmental- seeks to social interventions that have a positive impact on economic development (design social welfare programs for an economic development)
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Does political ideology affects how a person sees social welfare?
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YES! it affects how a person feels in valuable and what is not; it influences how an individual believes things should be and how they should not be.
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Conservatism
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philosophy that individuals are responsible for themselves, government should provide minimal interference in people’s lives, and change is generally unnecessary.
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three concepts to characterize conservatives
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1. usually oppose change and thrive tradition. 2. generally assume a negative view of human nature, stressing that it is sinful and prone to corruption. 3. perceive people as perfectly capable of taking care of themselves.
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Liberalism
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philosophy that government should be involves in the social, political, and economic structure so that all people’s rights and privileges are protected in the name of social justice
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three concepts to characterize liberals
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1. Like change and always think there is always a better way to get things done, always looking for different approaches to improve policies and provide services 2. positive perspective on human nature 3. view government as the best entity to provide a structure and an environment where adequate services and opportunities can be made available.
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Radicalism
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philosophy that the social and political system as it stands is not structurally capable of truly providing social justice.
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Baccalaureate Social Workers (BSWs)
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completed accredited course of study, they are required 400 hours of field experience supervised by social work practitioner. Child welfare agencies, residential treatment services, services with people with various disabilities, older adults, correctional institutes, public welfare agencies, schools, health centers and hospitals, substance abuse centers, shelter for the homeless, shelter for domestic violence survivors, and family planning organizations. SOCIAL SERVICE TECHNICIANS & SOCIAL SERVICE AIDES
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Master’s Social Workers (MSWs)
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receive more specialized training build on the same foundation as the BSW curriculum and integrated with the field internship. Most master programs require two years of study. but if you have a bachelors in social work, it only takes a year. But they are consider more specialized than BSW. Potential to have greater responsibility. higher salaries.
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Doctorates in Social Work
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small percentage, Ph.D (doctor of philosophy) or DSW (Doctor of Social Work). qualifies to teach at a college level or conduct research. some assume administrative positions or go to private practice in psychotherapy,
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Foundations of Social Work
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body of knowledge, skills and values. social workers use knowledge drawn from each field in conjunction with social work skills and values, to help individuals, families, groups, organizations and communities to solve problems and improve quality of life.
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Five major dimensions that make Social Work unique
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1. may focus on any problems or clusters of problem that are complex and difficult. 2. often targets the environment encompassing clients, and not the clients themselves. 3. often find it necessary advocate for their clients 4. emphasis on and adherence to a core professional values. (don’t force people into specific ways of thinking or acting, but help for them to make their own decisions) 5. do not track people into specific ways of thinking or acting . (partnership with clients making plan together)
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Advocacy
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involves actively intervening to help clients get what they need.
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Competency 1. Identification as a Professional Social Worker.
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Social Workers should serve as representatives of the profession, its mission, and is core values. conduct themselves in an ethical, professional manner, providing effective service to clients and respecting client’s right to self determination. should continue developing their skills and acquiring new knowledge throughout their careers to better serve clients.
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Competency 2. The application of social work ethical principles to guide practice.
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ethics and values are critical to social work practice. they help practitioners to know whats important or right in any situation and prove guidelines for making ethical decisions and good judgement calls.
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NASW code of Ethics
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provides some basic guidelines for social work practitioners.
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Competency 3. the application of critical thinking to inform professional judgments.
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using creative analysis of suppositions to determine for yourself what is really true or what is the best choice among alternatives. It also concerns the ability to communicate clearly and effectively, both orally and writing.
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critical thinking:
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1. the careful scrutiny of what is stated as true or what appears to be true and the resulting expression of an opinion or a conclusion based on that scrutiny. 2. the creative formulation of an opinion or conclusion when presented with a question, problem or issue, not taking at face value what you are told to believe.
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Competency 4. Engagement of diversity in practice.
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Diversity refers to the wide variety of differences characterizing people. group distinguished by \”age, class, color, culture, disability, ethnicity, gender, gender identity and expression, immigration statues, political ideology, race, religion, sex, and sexual orientation. They must be familiar with the concept of human diversity.
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Four significant facets of diversity:
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1. must appreciate differences and focus on strengths 2. they must be sensitive to and address any hardships and negative treatment clients might face because they belong to some diverse group. 3. introspectively asses their own attitudes and strive to eliminate any prejudices they might have. 4. must see themselves as lifelong learners about the many facets of human diversity, especially those characterizing their clients.
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Competency 5. The advancement of human rights and social and economic justice.
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must demonstrate competency in understanding human rights, social justice and economic justice and their theoretical bases. must advocate on the behalf of these principles and incorporate this principles into their practice.
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Human Rights:
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involve the premise that all people, regardless of race, culture, or national origin. are entitled to basic rights and treatment.
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Social Justice
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is the idea that in a perfect world all citizens would have the identical \”rights, protection, opportunities, obligations, and social benefits\”
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Economic justice
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distribution of resources in a fair and equitable manner.
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Competency 6. engagement in research-informed practice.
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social workers should use the approaches and interventions in their practice that research has determined are effective. they should employ \”research findings to improve practice, policy and social service delivery.
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Practice Based Research
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involves that everyday work of practitioners, focus on collecting data and providing results directly related to the process of social work practice.
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Competency 7.application of knowledge of human behavior and social environment.
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should have knowledge of \”biological, social, cultural, psychological and spiritual development\”. people are constantly and dynamically involved in ongoing activity and communication with others in the environment. Focusing on the environment means not only looking st individuals themselves but also at their involvement with family members, neighbors, work colleagues, the political system, and agencies providing services within the community.
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Assessment
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is the identification of \”nature and extend of client needs and concerns, as well as critical information about client resources and supports and other environmental factors\”
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Competency 8. engagement in political practices to advance social and economic well-being.
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they must understand social welfare policies, their history and how they affect work with clients.
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Policies
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are rules that tell us which actions among a multitude of actions we might take and which we might not. Policies guide their work and decisions. social workers must become actively involve in establishing and changing social welfare policies for the benefit of their clients.
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for the purpose of understanding social welfare, policy might be divided into what?
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Two major categories, a) social welfare policie. Laws and regulations that govern which social welfare programs exist, what categories of clients are served and who qualifies for a given program. b) agency policies: are standard adopted by individual organizations and programs that provide services
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Competency 9. responsiveness to contexts that shape practice
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they must understand the dynamics involved in macro environments like organizations, communities, and legislative bodies that establish social welfare policies..
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Competency 10. engagement, assessment, intervention and evaluation with individuals, families, groups, organizations and communities.
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there are two main dimensions inherent in competency. 1st, the process of social work includes engagement, assessment, intervention ad evaluation. \”providing leadership for policies and services\” and \” promoting social economic justice\” 2nd. practice involves working with individuals, families, groups, organizations and communities. social worker must know what skills will be most effective in what situations.
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engagement
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is the initial period in which the practitioners orient themselves to the problem at hand and begin to establish communication and relationships with others also addressing the problem
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Intervention:
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is the planning and implementation of the plan to solve the problem and achieve goals.
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Evaluation:
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is the process to determining whether a given change effort was worthwhile
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Generalist Practice
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they incorporates all 10 competences and forms the heart of work education and social work practice. is the application of the basic knowledge base, professional values, and a wide range of skills to target any size system for change within the context of four primary process.
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Four primary processes for generalist practitioners
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1. emphasizes client empowerment 2. involves working effectively within an organizational structure and doing so under supervision 3. it requires the assumption of a wide range of professional roles 4. involves the application of critical thinking skills to the planned change process.
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Advanced Practice
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Characterizes MSW curricular, provides a specialized concentration that builds upon a generalist practice foundation. For instance concentrations might include specialization in mental health, school social work, work with children and families. corrections, health, social services, administration to community organization.
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Field Practice
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\”signature pedagogy\” CSWE- represents the central form of instruction and learning in which a profession socializes its students to perform the role of practitioner\”. students are placed and can practice their skills under supervision. social service agencies, hospitals, schools, correctional facilities, organizational placements. BSW 400 hour and MSW 900 hours.

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