Social Problems by Joel Best Ch: 1 Essay

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Objectivist
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A school of thought that defines social Problems in terms of objectively measurable characteristics of conditions
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Subjectivist
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School of thought that defines social Problems in terms of people’s subjective sense that something is or isn’t troubling
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Social construction
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Th process by which people continually create, or construct, meaning
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Social Problems process
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The process through which particular troubling conditions come to be constructed as social Problems (claimsmaking-media coverage-public reaction-policymaking-social Problems work-policy outcomes)
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Constructionist
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A sociological approach that focuses on the process of social construction
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Claim
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An argument that a particular troubling condition needs to be addressed
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Claimsmaking
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The process of making claims, of bringing a troubling condition to the attention of others
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Claimsmakers
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People who seek to convince others that there is a troubling condition about which something ought to be done
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Troubling conditions
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A condition that becomes a subject of claims
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Natural history
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A sequence of steps or stages often found in a particular process
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Activists
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Members of a social movement organization who make claims about social problems
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Experts
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People, such as physicians, scientists, lawyers, and officials, who have special knowledge and claim to speak with special authority
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Policymaking
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The process of devising policy to address a particular troubling condition
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Social Problems work
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The application of constructions of a troubling condition or a social policy to practical situations
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Policy outcomes
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The result of how a particular social policy is implemented
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Resources
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Anything that can be drawn upon to construct a claim
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Rhetoric
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The study of persuasion
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Feedback
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The phenomenon in which a particular cause produces an effect that in return affects the cause

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