Social Information Processing Theory Essay

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Social presence theory
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text-based messages deprive CMC users of the sense that other people are jointly involved in the interaction.
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Media richness theory
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classifies each communication medium according to the complexity of the messages it can handle efficiently.
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“cues filtered out”
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absence of nonverbal cues
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social information processing (SIP)
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relationships grow only to the extent that parties first gain information about each other and use that information to form impressions.
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SIP focuses on the first link of the chain
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the personal information available through CMC and its effect on the composite mental image of the other.
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Walther acknowledges that nonverbal cues are filtered out of the interpersonal information sent and received via CMC, Walther acknowledges that nonverbal cues are filtered out of the interpersonal information sent and received via CMC, but
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but he doesn’t think this loss is fatal
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Two features of CMC provide a rationale for SIP theory.
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Verbal cues: CMC users can create fully formed impressions of others based solely on linguistic content of messages. Extended time: Though the exchange of social information is slower via CMC than face-to-face, over time the relationships formed are not weaker or more fragile.
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CMC
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Computer-mediated communication; Text-based messages, which filter out most nonverbal cues.
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Joe Walther
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argues that given the opportunity for sufficient exchange of social messages and subsequent relational growth, face-to-face and CMC are equally useful mediums for developing close relationships.
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Impression formation
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The composite mental image one person forms of another
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Anticipated Future Interactions
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A way of extending psychological time; the likelihood of future interaction motivates CMC users to develop a relationship.
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Chronemics
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The study of people’s systemic handling of time in their interaction with others.
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Hyperpersonal perspective
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The claim that CMC relationships are often more intimate than those developed when partners are physically together.
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Selective self-presentation
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An online positive portrayal without fear of contradiction, which enables people to create an overwhelmingly favorable impression.
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Martin Lea and Russell Spears
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European social psychologists who explain over-the-top identification as social identity-deindividuation (SIDE).
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Social identity-deindividution (SIDE)
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A theory that suggests CMC users overestimate their similarity with others they meet in online interest groups.
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Asynchronous channel
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A nonsimultaneous medium of communication that each individual can use when he or she desires.
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Self-fulfilling Prophecy
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The tendency for a person’s expectation of others to evoke a response from them that confirms what was originally anticipated.
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Technological determinism
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Technological determinism

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