Music Appreciation Pt. 6 – Flashcards

question
Impartial in approach; reality rather than illusion
answer
classicism
question
Aristocratic patronage of the arts
answer
classicism
question
Emphasis on balance and clarity of structures
answer
classicism
question
Emotional subjectivity; fantasy
answer
romanticism
question
Interest in the strange and the unknown
answer
romanticism
question
Wide range of emotional expression
answer
romanticism
question
Nationalism
answer
romanticism
question
Traditionalism; adherence to established methods
answer
classicism
question
Enthusiasm for the culture of the Middle Ages
answer
romanticism
question
Exoticism
answer
romanticism
question
Belief in the supernatural; personification
answer
romanticism
question
Art and culture of ancient Greece as a basic influence
answer
classicism
question
Brilliant colors and dynamic motion
answer
romanticism
question
Emotional restraint and good taste
answer
classicism
question
Nature as the mirror of the human heart
answer
romanticism
question
Frequently autobiographical
answer
romanticism
question
Period of the industrial revolution
answer
romanticism
question
Individualism
answer
romanticism
question
Faith in the power of reason
answer
classicism
question
Period of the American and French revolutions
answer
classicism
question
The composer whose career was a model for many romantic composers was
answer
Ludwig van Beethoven
question
A composer who earned his/her living as a violin virtuoso was
answer
Niccolo Paganini
question
One of the few composers fortunate enough to be supported by private patrons was
answer
Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
question
Music criticism was a source of income for both Berlioz and
answer
Robert Schumann
question
When music conservatories were founded, women
answer
were at first accepted only as students of performance
question
Schubert
answer
was the first great master of the romantic art song
question
The piano's relentless rhythm in Erlkonig (The Erlking) unifies the song's episodes and suggests the
answer
galloping horses
question
Schubert's songs number more than
answer
600
question
The Erlking, in Schubert's song of that name, is a romantic personification of
answer
death
question
The Erlking is a poem by
answer
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
question
The form of the Erlking is
answer
through-composed
question
Which of the following is not true of music of the Romantic period?
answer
All the music was deeply rooted in the classical tradition
question
Which of the following music reflects the concept of exoticism?
answer
Bizet's opera Carmen
question
Instrumental music associated with a story is called:
answer
program music
question
By the end of the romantic era, an orchestra might include ___ musicians.
answer
100
question
The purpose of using chromatic chords in Romantic music was to
answer
add color and motion
question
Berlioz's use of a lyrical melody from the opening movement of Symphonie fantastique that is then repeated as a grotesque dance in the finale is an example of:
answer
thematic transformation
question
Which characteristic is not true of Schumman's works?
answer
usually linked with non-descriptive titles, texts, or programs
question
Robert Schumann's Carnaval is a(n)
answer
cycle of piano pieces
question
Clara Wieck was
answer
Schumann's wife and a virtuoso pianist, and the daughter of his piano teacher
question
During the first ten years of his creative life, Schumann published only
answer
piano pieces
question
As a writer and critic, Schumann
answer
founded and edited the New Journal of Music, discovered and made famous some of the leading composers of his day, and wrote appreciative reviews of young radical composers like Chopin and Berlioz
question
In the art song, which instrument shares an equal interpretive task with the voice?
answer
piano
question
An art song in which two stanzas of a poem are set to the same music and another stanza is set to different music is called
answer
modified strophic form
question
A set of art songs that are intended to be performed together as a group is called
answer
a song cycle
question
One of the characteristics of Schumann's Carnaval is that it
answer
is permeated with autobiographical references in its musical ideas
question
Clara Wieck Schumann considered herself to be primarily
answer
a performing artist
question
Romanze (romance) in the nineteeth century was often used for a(n)
answer
short, lyrical piece for piano
question
Clara Schumann frequently performed the works of her husband and her close friend
answer
Johannes Brahms
question
Clara Schumann
answer
stopped composing at the age of thirty-six when her husband died
question
As a composer, Clara Schumann
answer
wrote songs, piano pieces, a piano concerto, and a trio for piano, violin, and cello
question
Chopin was
answer
shy and reserved
question
Most of Chopin's pieces
answer
are exquisite miniatures
question
Chopin's Revolutionary Etude in C Minor develops the pianist's left hand because
answer
the left hand must play rapid passages throughout
question
Because of his size, it was difficult for Chopin to
answer
produce big sounds on the piano
question
Much of Chopin's music is an example of
answer
nationalism
question
The polonaise is
answer
a dance in triple meter
question
In the 1830's, Paris was
answer
a center of romanticism, the artistic capital of Europe, and the home of Victor Hugo, Honore de Valzac, and Heinrich Heine
question
Among Liszt's favorite inspirations were the literary works of
answer
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
question
Liszt typified the romantic movement because he
answer
had a charismatic personality and was a stupendous performer
question
Which of the following is not a characteristic of Liszt's piano works?
answer
a small range of dynamics
question
In many of his works, Liszt unified contrasting moods by a process known as
answer
thematic transformation
question
During his teens and twenties, Liszt lived in
answer
Paris
question
As a youth, Liszt was influenced by the performances of
answer
Niccolo Paganini
question
Liszt created the _____, a one movement orchestral composition based to some extent on a literary or pictorial idea.
answer
symphonic poem
question
Liszt abandoned his career as a traveling virtuoso to become court conductor at ____, where he championed works by contemporary composers.
answer
Weimar
question
Until the age of thirty-six, Liszt toured Europe as a virtuoso
answer
pianist
question
The high point of Mendelssohn's career was the triumphant premiere of his oratorio _____ in England.
answer
Elijah
question
Mendelssohn's Concerto for violin in E Minor opens with a(n)
answer
soloist, who presents the main theme
question
The three movements of Mendelssohn's Concerto for violin
answer
are played without pause
question
In the first movement of the Concerto for violin, the cadenza
answer
appears at the end of the development section as a transition to the recapitulation
question
Mendelssohn is known as the man who rekindled an interest in the music of
answer
Johann Sebastian Bach
question
The work referred to by Beethoven as an expression of feeling rather than painting, was his
answer
Symphony No. 6
question
The aim of most program music is
answer
expression
question
A ____ is a one-movement orchestral composition based to some extent on a literary or pictorial idea
answer
symphonic poem
question
The composer who developed the symphonic poem was
answer
Franz Liszt
question
Today's movie scores may be regarded as examples of
answer
incidental music
question
Nonprogram music is also known as ____ music.
answer
absolute
question
In order to support his family, Berlioz turned to
answer
musical journalism
question
Parisians were startled by Berlioz's Fantastic Symphony because of its
answer
sensationally autbiographical program, amazingly novel orchestration, and vivid description of the weird and diabolical
question
In the 1830 the Paris Conservatory awarded Berlioz
answer
the Prix de Rome
question
The liturgical melody quoted in the last movement of the Fantastic Symphony is the
answer
Dies irae
question
Outside France, Hector Berlioz enjoyed a great career as a (n)
answer
conductor
question
Berlioz's Fantastic Symphony is unified by the recurrence of a theme known as the
answer
idee fixe
question
The Fantastic Symphony reflects Berlioz's
answer
love for the actress Harriet Smithson
question
The fourth movement of the Fantastic Symphony depicts a
answer
march to the scaffold
question
Which of the following was not composed by Berlioz
answer
The Sorcerer's Apprentice
question
The second movement of the Fantastic Symphony is a _____, the most popular dance of the romantic era.
answer
waltz
question
The most original, and probably the greatest of the Russian five, was
answer
Modest Mussorgsky
question
Libretti that fanned the public's hatred for its Austria overlords were deliberately chosen by the composer
answer
Giuseppe Verdi
question
Smetana grew up when Bohemia was under _______ domination.
answer
Austrian
question
The founder of Czech national music was
answer
Bedrich Smetana
question
Even though Smetana was deaf at the time, he composed a musical work depicting Bohemia's main river as it flows through the countryside. The name of the river, and the musical composition, is the
answer
Moldau
question
The first America concert pianist to gain international recognition was
answer
Louis Moreau Gottschalk
question
Smetana's most popular opera is
answer
The Bartered Bride
question
Nadezhda von Mecj was
answer
a wealthy benefactress who provided Tchaikovsky with an annuity
question
At its premiere in 1870, Tchaikovsky's Romeo and Juliet Overture was
answer
a dismal failure
question
Which of the following was not composed by Tchaikovsky?
answer
Russian Easter Overture
question
Tchaikovsky's Romeo and Juliet is a(n)
answer
concert overture
question
Tchaikovsky's Sixth Symphony
answer
ends with a slow, despairing finale
question
Antonin Dvorak's music was first promoted by
answer
Johannes Brahms
question
Dvorak ____ quoted actual folk tunes in his compositions.
answer
rarely
question
In the second movement of Dvorak's New World Symphony, the nostalgic quality of the melody of the famous largo movement is heightened by the timbre of the
answer
english horn
question
In 1892 Dvorak went to ____, where he spent almost three years as director of the National Conservatory of Music
answer
New York
question
Dvorak "found a secure basis for a new national [American] musical school in the
answer
African-American spirituals
question
The popular character of the Dvorak's New World Symphony can be traced to the composer's use of ____ often found in folk music.
answer
syncopations, pentatonic scales, and modal scales
question
Smetana is regarded today as the father of ____.
answer
Czech national music
question
Smetana's most famous work is the tone poem Ma Vlast (My Land). In it, the movement called The Moldau depicts
answer
a river
question
Brahms's works, though very personal in style, are rooted in the music of
answer
Joseph Haydn, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, and Ludwig van Beethoven
question
Brahms's musical trademarks included
answer
the use of two notes against three
question
The course of Brahms's artistic and personal life was shaped by the influence of the composer
answer
Robert Schumann and his wife Clara
question
Which piece established Brahms as a leading composer of his time?
answer
A German Requiem
question
Brahms created masterpieces in all the traditional forms except
answer
opera
question
The original source for the theme of the fourth movement of Brahms's Fourth Symphony was a
answer
cantata by J.S. Bach
question
The fourth movement of Brahms's Fourth Symphony is a _____, a baroque variation form.
answer
passacaglia
question
Critics were often scandalized by the subject matter of Verdi's operas because they
answer
seemed to condone rape, suicide, and free love
question
Which of the following operas is not by Verdi?
answer
Cavalleria rusticana
question
Verdi's great comic masterpiece, written when he was seventy-nine, is
answer
Falstaff
question
Verdi studied music in _____, the city where Italy's most important opera house, La Scala, is located.
answer
Milan
question
Rigoletto, the title character in Giuseppe Verdi's opera, is
answer
a hunchbacked court jester
question
Verdi's first great success, an opera with strong political overtones, was
answer
Nabucco
question
Verdi mainly composed his operas
answer
to entertain a mass public
question
The famous aria "La donna e mobile" is taken from Verdi's opera
answer
Rigoletto
question
The soul of a Verdi opera is
answer
expressive vocal melody
question
Verdi's later operas differ from his earlier ones in that they have
answer
less difference between aria and recitative, greater musical continuity, and more imaginative orchestrations
question
Puccini's operas have lasting appeal because
answer
he had a marvelous sense of theater, his melodies have short, memorable phrases and are intensely emotional, and he minimized the difference between aria and recitative, thus creating a continuous flow of music
question
In La Boheme, who sings the aria "Che gelida manina" ("How cold your little hand is!")?
answer
Rodolfo
question
Puccini used melodic and rhythmic elements derived from Asian music in his operas
answer
Madame Butterfly and Turandot
question
An artistic trend of the 1890's, in which operas dealt with ordinary people and true-to-life situations, was known as
answer
verismo
question
Which of the following operas was not written by Puccini?
answer
I Pagliacci
question
Puccini's first successful opera was
answer
Manon Lescaut
question
La Boheme takes place in
answer
Paris
question
Mimi and Rodolfo meet for the first time in La Boheme because she has come to his door to ask for a
answer
light for her candle
question
In La Boheme, Rodolfo is a young
answer
poet
question
Which of the following operas is considered an example of verismo?
answer
Tosca
question
Siegmund, in Wagner's opera Die Walkure is
answer
Sieglinde's brother, then lover, Wotan's son by a mortal woman, and Siegfried's father
question
The composer who had an overwhelming influence on the young Wagner was
answer
Ludwig van Beethoven
question
Wagner called his works music dramas rather than operas because
answer
there are no breaks where applause can interrupt
question
Wagner's last opera was
answer
Parsifal
question
The librettos to The Ring of the Nibelung were written by
answer
Wagner himself
question
A short musical associated with a person, object, or thought, used by Wagner in his operas, is called
answer
leitmotif
question
Valhalla, in Wagner's Ring cycle is
answer
the castle of the gods
question
Wagner had an opera house built to his own specifications in
answer
Bayreuth
question
Wagner's first successful opera was
answer
Rienzi
question
Which of the following operas was not composed by Wagner?
answer
Fidelio
question
Inclusion of folk songs, dances, legends, and other national material in a composition to associate it with the composer's homeland; characteristic of romantic music
answer
nationalism
question
Uses of melodies, rhythms, or instruments that suggest foreign lands; common in romantic music
answer
exoticism
question
Explanatory comments specifying the story, scene, or idea associated with program music
answer
program
question
Use of chords containing tones not found in the prevailing major or minor scale but included in the chromatic scale (which has twelve tones); often found in romantic music
answer
chromatic harmony
question
Slight holding back or pressing forward of tempo to intensify the expression of music, often used in romantic music
answer
rubato
question
Alteration of the character of a theme by means of changes in dynamics, orchestration, or rhythm, when it returns in a later movement or section; often found in romantic music
answer
thematic transformation
question
Concluding section; the section at the end of an art song that sums up its mood, played by the piano or orchestra, without the voice
answer
postlude
question
Vocal form in which the same music is repeated for each stanza of a poem
answer
strophic form
question
Vocal form in which there is new music for each stanza of a poem
answer
through-composed form
question
Form in which two or more stanzas of poetry are set to the same music while other stanzas have new music; found in art songs of the romantic period
answer
modified strophic form
question
Instrumental music having no intended association with a story, poem, idea, or scene; nonprogram music
answer
absolute music
question
Single melody used in several movements of a long work to represent a recurring idea
answer
Idee fixe
question
Scale made up of five different tones, used in folk music and music of the far east
answer
pentatonic scale
question
Short musical idea associated with a person, object, or thought, characteristic of the operas of Wagner
answer
Leitmotif
question
In romanticism, the ____ was responsible to learn and play the piano in the house.
answer
daughter
question
The Carnaval consisted of ___ piano pieces
answer
21
question
Showed/eveloped a skill on the piano
answer
etude
question
This person came up with the thought of thematic transformation
answer
Liszt
question
Liszt's symphonic poem was instead in
answer
one movement
question
Gerta was
answer
Schubert's favorite poet
question
The father of musicology because he brought back baroque (through Bach & Handle) & did not write any operas
answer
Mendelssohn
question
The first symphony to have a fifth movements
answer
Symphony Fastique
question
One of the most famous Russian romanticism composer
answer
Tchaikovsky
question
Tchaikovsky's mysterious benefactor was
answer
Monaque (don't know the spelling lol)
question
Most famous piano concerto piece was
answer
Concerto No. 1 by Tchaikovsky
question
What was Tchaikovsky's favorite piece?
answer
Serenade for strings
question
Valhalla =
answer
where gods live in Wagner's "Lite Motif"
question
Mendelssohn was a
answer
painter, linguist, and writer
question
Mussorgsky's pictures at the exhibition was inspired by
answer
pictures in a memorial exhibit
question
Liszt's music =
answer
symphonic poem, huge piece with no breaks, and its a bout a story
question
When a piece is not programmatic it is
answer
absolute
question
Berlioz wrote
answer
Symphony Fastastique
question
The fifth movement in Symphony Fantastique =
answer
Dreamis of a Witches Sabbath
question
The fourth movement in Symphony Fantastique =
answer
March of the Scaffold
question
The second movement in Symphony Fantastique =
answer
is a waltz (fast/furious)
question
Tchaikovsky's favorite instruments to play were the
answer
oboe and the english horn for the melody
question
Dvorak visited which American state?
answer
New York
question
Brahm's original source of inspiration was
answer
Bach
question
The fourth symphony for Brahm was
answer
Allegro energico e passionato
question
Ring cycle is an
answer
opera that lasts several days about Valhalla (where gods live)
question
Mahler began his professional musical life as a
answer
conductor of musical comedies
question
Which of the following statement is not true?
answer
Mahler; having spent the major portion of his life conducting operas, it is not surprising that his output is mainly in that genre
question
Which of the following works was not composed by Gustav Mahler?
answer
Die Winterreise
question
By supervising every aspect of its performances, Mahler brought the _______ to new heights of excellence.
answer
Vienna Opera
question
Mahler's Lieder Eines Fahrenden Gesellen (Songs of a Wayfarer) is a
answer
song cycle
1 of

Unlock all answers in this set

Unlock answers
question
Impartial in approach; reality rather than illusion
answer
classicism
question
Aristocratic patronage of the arts
answer
classicism
question
Emphasis on balance and clarity of structures
answer
classicism
question
Emotional subjectivity; fantasy
answer
romanticism
question
Interest in the strange and the unknown
answer
romanticism
question
Wide range of emotional expression
answer
romanticism
question
Nationalism
answer
romanticism
question
Traditionalism; adherence to established methods
answer
classicism
question
Enthusiasm for the culture of the Middle Ages
answer
romanticism
question
Exoticism
answer
romanticism
question
Belief in the supernatural; personification
answer
romanticism
question
Art and culture of ancient Greece as a basic influence
answer
classicism
question
Brilliant colors and dynamic motion
answer
romanticism
question
Emotional restraint and good taste
answer
classicism
question
Nature as the mirror of the human heart
answer
romanticism
question
Frequently autobiographical
answer
romanticism
question
Period of the industrial revolution
answer
romanticism
question
Individualism
answer
romanticism
question
Faith in the power of reason
answer
classicism
question
Period of the American and French revolutions
answer
classicism
question
The composer whose career was a model for many romantic composers was
answer
Ludwig van Beethoven
question
A composer who earned his/her living as a violin virtuoso was
answer
Niccolo Paganini
question
One of the few composers fortunate enough to be supported by private patrons was
answer
Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
question
Music criticism was a source of income for both Berlioz and
answer
Robert Schumann
question
When music conservatories were founded, women
answer
were at first accepted only as students of performance
question
Schubert
answer
was the first great master of the romantic art song
question
The piano's relentless rhythm in Erlkonig (The Erlking) unifies the song's episodes and suggests the
answer
galloping horses
question
Schubert's songs number more than
answer
600
question
The Erlking, in Schubert's song of that name, is a romantic personification of
answer
death
question
The Erlking is a poem by
answer
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
question
The form of the Erlking is
answer
through-composed
question
Which of the following is not true of music of the Romantic period?
answer
All the music was deeply rooted in the classical tradition
question
Which of the following music reflects the concept of exoticism?
answer
Bizet's opera Carmen
question
Instrumental music associated with a story is called:
answer
program music
question
By the end of the romantic era, an orchestra might include ___ musicians.
answer
100
question
The purpose of using chromatic chords in Romantic music was to
answer
add color and motion
question
Berlioz's use of a lyrical melody from the opening movement of Symphonie fantastique that is then repeated as a grotesque dance in the finale is an example of:
answer
thematic transformation
question
Which characteristic is not true of Schumman's works?
answer
usually linked with non-descriptive titles, texts, or programs
question
Robert Schumann's Carnaval is a(n)
answer
cycle of piano pieces
question
Clara Wieck was
answer
Schumann's wife and a virtuoso pianist, and the daughter of his piano teacher
question
During the first ten years of his creative life, Schumann published only
answer
piano pieces
question
As a writer and critic, Schumann
answer
founded and edited the New Journal of Music, discovered and made famous some of the leading composers of his day, and wrote appreciative reviews of young radical composers like Chopin and Berlioz
question
In the art song, which instrument shares an equal interpretive task with the voice?
answer
piano
question
An art song in which two stanzas of a poem are set to the same music and another stanza is set to different music is called
answer
modified strophic form
question
A set of art songs that are intended to be performed together as a group is called
answer
a song cycle
question
One of the characteristics of Schumann's Carnaval is that it
answer
is permeated with autobiographical references in its musical ideas
question
Clara Wieck Schumann considered herself to be primarily
answer
a performing artist
question
Romanze (romance) in the nineteeth century was often used for a(n)
answer
short, lyrical piece for piano
question
Clara Schumann frequently performed the works of her husband and her close friend
answer
Johannes Brahms
question
Clara Schumann
answer
stopped composing at the age of thirty-six when her husband died
question
As a composer, Clara Schumann
answer
wrote songs, piano pieces, a piano concerto, and a trio for piano, violin, and cello
question
Chopin was
answer
shy and reserved
question
Most of Chopin's pieces
answer
are exquisite miniatures
question
Chopin's Revolutionary Etude in C Minor develops the pianist's left hand because
answer
the left hand must play rapid passages throughout
question
Because of his size, it was difficult for Chopin to
answer
produce big sounds on the piano
question
Much of Chopin's music is an example of
answer
nationalism
question
The polonaise is
answer
a dance in triple meter
question
In the 1830's, Paris was
answer
a center of romanticism, the artistic capital of Europe, and the home of Victor Hugo, Honore de Valzac, and Heinrich Heine
question
Among Liszt's favorite inspirations were the literary works of
answer
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
question
Liszt typified the romantic movement because he
answer
had a charismatic personality and was a stupendous performer
question
Which of the following is not a characteristic of Liszt's piano works?
answer
a small range of dynamics
question
In many of his works, Liszt unified contrasting moods by a process known as
answer
thematic transformation
question
During his teens and twenties, Liszt lived in
answer
Paris
question
As a youth, Liszt was influenced by the performances of
answer
Niccolo Paganini
question
Liszt created the _____, a one movement orchestral composition based to some extent on a literary or pictorial idea.
answer
symphonic poem
question
Liszt abandoned his career as a traveling virtuoso to become court conductor at ____, where he championed works by contemporary composers.
answer
Weimar
question
Until the age of thirty-six, Liszt toured Europe as a virtuoso
answer
pianist
question
The high point of Mendelssohn's career was the triumphant premiere of his oratorio _____ in England.
answer
Elijah
question
Mendelssohn's Concerto for violin in E Minor opens with a(n)
answer
soloist, who presents the main theme
question
The three movements of Mendelssohn's Concerto for violin
answer
are played without pause
question
In the first movement of the Concerto for violin, the cadenza
answer
appears at the end of the development section as a transition to the recapitulation
question
Mendelssohn is known as the man who rekindled an interest in the music of
answer
Johann Sebastian Bach
question
The work referred to by Beethoven as an expression of feeling rather than painting, was his
answer
Symphony No. 6
question
The aim of most program music is
answer
expression
question
A ____ is a one-movement orchestral composition based to some extent on a literary or pictorial idea
answer
symphonic poem
question
The composer who developed the symphonic poem was
answer
Franz Liszt
question
Today's movie scores may be regarded as examples of
answer
incidental music
question
Nonprogram music is also known as ____ music.
answer
absolute
question
In order to support his family, Berlioz turned to
answer
musical journalism
question
Parisians were startled by Berlioz's Fantastic Symphony because of its
answer
sensationally autbiographical program, amazingly novel orchestration, and vivid description of the weird and diabolical
question
In the 1830 the Paris Conservatory awarded Berlioz
answer
the Prix de Rome
question
The liturgical melody quoted in the last movement of the Fantastic Symphony is the
answer
Dies irae
question
Outside France, Hector Berlioz enjoyed a great career as a (n)
answer
conductor
question
Berlioz's Fantastic Symphony is unified by the recurrence of a theme known as the
answer
idee fixe
question
The Fantastic Symphony reflects Berlioz's
answer
love for the actress Harriet Smithson
question
The fourth movement of the Fantastic Symphony depicts a
answer
march to the scaffold
question
Which of the following was not composed by Berlioz
answer
The Sorcerer's Apprentice
question
The second movement of the Fantastic Symphony is a _____, the most popular dance of the romantic era.
answer
waltz
question
The most original, and probably the greatest of the Russian five, was
answer
Modest Mussorgsky
question
Libretti that fanned the public's hatred for its Austria overlords were deliberately chosen by the composer
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Giuseppe Verdi
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Smetana grew up when Bohemia was under _______ domination.
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Austrian
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The founder of Czech national music was
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Bedrich Smetana
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Even though Smetana was deaf at the time, he composed a musical work depicting Bohemia's main river as it flows through the countryside. The name of the river, and the musical composition, is the
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Moldau
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The first America concert pianist to gain international recognition was
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Louis Moreau Gottschalk
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Smetana's most popular opera is
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The Bartered Bride
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Nadezhda von Mecj was
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a wealthy benefactress who provided Tchaikovsky with an annuity
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At its premiere in 1870, Tchaikovsky's Romeo and Juliet Overture was
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a dismal failure
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Which of the following was not composed by Tchaikovsky?
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Russian Easter Overture
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Tchaikovsky's Romeo and Juliet is a(n)
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concert overture
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Tchaikovsky's Sixth Symphony
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ends with a slow, despairing finale
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Antonin Dvorak's music was first promoted by
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Johannes Brahms
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Dvorak ____ quoted actual folk tunes in his compositions.
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rarely
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In the second movement of Dvorak's New World Symphony, the nostalgic quality of the melody of the famous largo movement is heightened by the timbre of the
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english horn
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In 1892 Dvorak went to ____, where he spent almost three years as director of the National Conservatory of Music
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New York
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Dvorak "found a secure basis for a new national [American] musical school in the
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African-American spirituals
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The popular character of the Dvorak's New World Symphony can be traced to the composer's use of ____ often found in folk music.
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syncopations, pentatonic scales, and modal scales
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Smetana is regarded today as the father of ____.
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Czech national music
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Smetana's most famous work is the tone poem Ma Vlast (My Land). In it, the movement called The Moldau depicts
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a river
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Brahms's works, though very personal in style, are rooted in the music of
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Joseph Haydn, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, and Ludwig van Beethoven
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Brahms's musical trademarks included
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the use of two notes against three
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The course of Brahms's artistic and personal life was shaped by the influence of the composer
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Robert Schumann and his wife Clara
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Which piece established Brahms as a leading composer of his time?
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A German Requiem
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Brahms created masterpieces in all the traditional forms except
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opera
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The original source for the theme of the fourth movement of Brahms's Fourth Symphony was a
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cantata by J.S. Bach
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The fourth movement of Brahms's Fourth Symphony is a _____, a baroque variation form.
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passacaglia
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Critics were often scandalized by the subject matter of Verdi's operas because they
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seemed to condone rape, suicide, and free love
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Which of the following operas is not by Verdi?
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Cavalleria rusticana
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Verdi's great comic masterpiece, written when he was seventy-nine, is
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Falstaff
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Verdi studied music in _____, the city where Italy's most important opera house, La Scala, is located.
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Milan
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Rigoletto, the title character in Giuseppe Verdi's opera, is
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a hunchbacked court jester
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Verdi's first great success, an opera with strong political overtones, was
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Nabucco
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Verdi mainly composed his operas
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to entertain a mass public
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The famous aria "La donna e mobile" is taken from Verdi's opera
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Rigoletto
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The soul of a Verdi opera is
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expressive vocal melody
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Verdi's later operas differ from his earlier ones in that they have
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less difference between aria and recitative, greater musical continuity, and more imaginative orchestrations
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Puccini's operas have lasting appeal because
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he had a marvelous sense of theater, his melodies have short, memorable phrases and are intensely emotional, and he minimized the difference between aria and recitative, thus creating a continuous flow of music
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In La Boheme, who sings the aria "Che gelida manina" ("How cold your little hand is!")?
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Rodolfo
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Puccini used melodic and rhythmic elements derived from Asian music in his operas
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Madame Butterfly and Turandot
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An artistic trend of the 1890's, in which operas dealt with ordinary people and true-to-life situations, was known as
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verismo
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Which of the following operas was not written by Puccini?
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I Pagliacci
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Puccini's first successful opera was
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Manon Lescaut
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La Boheme takes place in
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Paris
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Mimi and Rodolfo meet for the first time in La Boheme because she has come to his door to ask for a
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light for her candle
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In La Boheme, Rodolfo is a young
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poet
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Which of the following operas is considered an example of verismo?
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Tosca
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Siegmund, in Wagner's opera Die Walkure is
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Sieglinde's brother, then lover, Wotan's son by a mortal woman, and Siegfried's father
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The composer who had an overwhelming influence on the young Wagner was
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Ludwig van Beethoven
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Wagner called his works music dramas rather than operas because
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there are no breaks where applause can interrupt
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Wagner's last opera was
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Parsifal
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The librettos to The Ring of the Nibelung were written by
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Wagner himself
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A short musical associated with a person, object, or thought, used by Wagner in his operas, is called
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leitmotif
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Valhalla, in Wagner's Ring cycle is
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the castle of the gods
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Wagner had an opera house built to his own specifications in
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Bayreuth
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Wagner's first successful opera was
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Rienzi
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Which of the following operas was not composed by Wagner?
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Fidelio
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Inclusion of folk songs, dances, legends, and other national material in a composition to associate it with the composer's homeland; characteristic of romantic music
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nationalism
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Uses of melodies, rhythms, or instruments that suggest foreign lands; common in romantic music
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exoticism
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Explanatory comments specifying the story, scene, or idea associated with program music
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program
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Use of chords containing tones not found in the prevailing major or minor scale but included in the chromatic scale (which has twelve tones); often found in romantic music
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chromatic harmony
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Slight holding back or pressing forward of tempo to intensify the expression of music, often used in romantic music
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rubato
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Alteration of the character of a theme by means of changes in dynamics, orchestration, or rhythm, when it returns in a later movement or section; often found in romantic music
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thematic transformation
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Concluding section; the section at the end of an art song that sums up its mood, played by the piano or orchestra, without the voice
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postlude
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Vocal form in which the same music is repeated for each stanza of a poem
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strophic form
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Vocal form in which there is new music for each stanza of a poem
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through-composed form
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Form in which two or more stanzas of poetry are set to the same music while other stanzas have new music; found in art songs of the romantic period
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modified strophic form
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Instrumental music having no intended association with a story, poem, idea, or scene; nonprogram music
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absolute music
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Single melody used in several movements of a long work to represent a recurring idea
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Idee fixe
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Scale made up of five different tones, used in folk music and music of the far east
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pentatonic scale
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Short musical idea associated with a person, object, or thought, characteristic of the operas of Wagner
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Leitmotif
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In romanticism, the ____ was responsible to learn and play the piano in the house.
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daughter
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The Carnaval consisted of ___ piano pieces
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21
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Showed/eveloped a skill on the piano
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etude
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This person came up with the thought of thematic transformation
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Liszt
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Liszt's symphonic poem was instead in
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one movement
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Gerta was
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Schubert's favorite poet
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The father of musicology because he brought back baroque (through Bach & Handle) & did not write any operas
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Mendelssohn
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The first symphony to have a fifth movements
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Symphony Fastique
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One of the most famous Russian romanticism composer
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Tchaikovsky
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Tchaikovsky's mysterious benefactor was
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Monaque (don't know the spelling lol)
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Most famous piano concerto piece was
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Concerto No. 1 by Tchaikovsky
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What was Tchaikovsky's favorite piece?
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Serenade for strings
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Valhalla =
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where gods live in Wagner's "Lite Motif"
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Mendelssohn was a
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painter, linguist, and writer
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Mussorgsky's pictures at the exhibition was inspired by
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pictures in a memorial exhibit
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Liszt's music =
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symphonic poem, huge piece with no breaks, and its a bout a story
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When a piece is not programmatic it is
answer
absolute
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Berlioz wrote
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Symphony Fastastique
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The fifth movement in Symphony Fantastique =
answer
Dreamis of a Witches Sabbath
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The fourth movement in Symphony Fantastique =
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March of the Scaffold
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The second movement in Symphony Fantastique =
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is a waltz (fast/furious)
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Tchaikovsky's favorite instruments to play were the
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oboe and the english horn for the melody
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Dvorak visited which American state?
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New York
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Brahm's original source of inspiration was
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Bach
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The fourth symphony for Brahm was
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Allegro energico e passionato
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Ring cycle is an
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opera that lasts several days about Valhalla (where gods live)
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Mahler began his professional musical life as a
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conductor of musical comedies
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Which of the following statement is not true?
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Mahler; having spent the major portion of his life conducting operas, it is not surprising that his output is mainly in that genre
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Which of the following works was not composed by Gustav Mahler?
answer
Die Winterreise
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By supervising every aspect of its performances, Mahler brought the _______ to new heights of excellence.
answer
Vienna Opera
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Mahler's Lieder Eines Fahrenden Gesellen (Songs of a Wayfarer) is a
answer
song cycle