SOC Unit 4

What term is synonymous with applied anthropologists?
Practicing anthropologists

All of the following illustrates the kinds of work that applied anthropologists do except
borrowing from fields such as history and sociology to broaden the scope of theoretical anthropology.

Why is ethnography one of the most valuable and distinctive tools of the applied anthropologist? It
provides a firsthand account of the day-to-day issues and challenges that the members of a given community face, as well as a sense of how those people think about and react to these issues.

Which of the following is a distinguishing characteristic of the work that applied anthropologists do? They
enter the affected communities and talk with people.

Which of the following illustrates some of the dangers of the old applied anthropology?
anthropologists aiding colonial expansion by providing ethnographic information to colonists

Who was studied at a distance during the 1940s in an attempt to predict the behavior of the political enemies of the United States?
the Germans and Japanese

What is the postwar baby boom of the late 1940s and 1950s responsible for? It
fueled the general expansion of the U.S. educational system, including academic anthropology.

As an aid to applied anthropology, anthropological theory
promotes a systemic perspective that aids the successful implementation of development projects.

All of the following are proper roles for applied anthropologists except
placing the cultural values of the local people above everybody else’s cultural values.

This chapter’s “Appreciating Anthropology” account describes how applied anthropologists can help communities preserve their culture in the face of threat or disaster, such as Hurricane Katrina. For example, after the hurricane, anthropologist Shannon Dawdy proposed treating one of New Orleans’s most popular cemeteries among the city’s poor as archaeologists would handle an ancient site. In practice this meant that
the government should treat the votive artifacts of the cemetery not as debris but as the religious artifacts they are, making some effort to restore the damaged site, find the objects, and at least record where they came from.

What is the commonly stated goal for most development projects?
Increased equity

In a comparative study of 68 development projects, Kottak determined that
culturally compatible development projects were twice as successful as incompatible ones.

Which of the following is not a valid criticism of many economic development projects?
Project planners have no real interest in helping communities.

What term refers to the tendency to view less developed countries as more alike than they are?
Underdifferentiation

Development projects should aim to accomplish all of the following except
developing strategies with little input from the local communities.

Which of the following is a reason that the Madagascar project to increase rice production was successful?
Malagasy leaders were of the peasantry and were therefore prepared to follow the descent-group ethic of pooling resources for the good of the group as a whole.

The Malagasy development program described in this chapter illustrates the importance of
the local government’s ability to improve the lives of its citizens, when committed to doing so.

In an example of applied anthropology’s contribution to improving education, this chapter describes a study of Puerto Rican seventh graders in a Midwestern U.S. urban school (Hill-Burnett, 1978). What did anthropologists discover in this study?
The Puerto Rican students’ education was being affected by their teachers’ misconceptions.

Anthropology may aid in the progress of education by helping educators avoid all of the following except
tolerance of ethnic diversity.

Robert Redfield’s research recognized that a city is a social context that is very different from a tribal or peasant village. What did he study? Differences between
urban and rural communities