Safety, Infection Control and First Aid: Universal Precautions

question

Why are Universal Precautions observed?
answer

to prevent contact with blood and other potentially infectious materials
question

List the universal precautions. There are 13.
answer

extent of exposure to employee, work practice controls, PPE, task assessment, housekeeping procedures, spill cleanup, labeling requirements, laundry requirements, waste disposal, provision of vaccinations, training, medical records
question

When do you wash your hands?
answer

before each patient contact between procedures on the same patient before putting on gloves after glove removal before leaving lab before going to lunch or break before and after going to the restroom if visible contaminated
question

When do you wear gloves?
answer

when likely to touch body substances, mucous membranes, non intact skin, and all blood draws
question

When do you wear a lab coat?
answer

when clothing is likely to be soiled
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When do you wear mask/eye protection?
answer

when likely to be splashed with body substances
question

Where do you place needles, scalpels, disposable syringes, or any other sharp item?
answer

puncture-resistant container
question

What is the proper handwashing technique?
answer

1. turn on faucet using paper towel 2. adjust faucet to warm and discard paper towel 3. wet hands and obtain 1 teaspoon of soap in palm of hand 4. rub to form lather and distribute soap over palms and backs of hands in a circular motion constantly for 2 minutes 5. rinse well

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