Public Speaking Unit 1-5

question

Which of the following is NOT a skill that employers are seeking in potential employees?
answer

Ability to plan parties
question

Transforming ideas and thoughts into messages is called
answer

encoding.
question

The purpose of an informative speech is to influence the attitudes, beliefs, values, or acts of others.
answer

False
question

The medium through which the speaker sends a message is referred to as the ________.
answer

Channel
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When selecting a speech topic, a speaker should be guided solely by the audience’s interests.
answer

False
question

Outlines are based on the principle of
answer

coordination and subordination.
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Supporting material for a speech clarifies, elaborates, and verifies the ideas in the speech.
answer

True
question

Interference with the message is known as noise.
answer

True
question

______________ are objects, models, pictures, graphs, audio, video, etc. that can help listeners process and retain information, and make a speech memorable.
answer

Presentation aids
question

The practice of oratory, called rhetoric, began in Egypt.
answer

False
question

Noise is physical, psychological, or environmental interference that serves as a barrier to effective communication.
answer

True
question

A speaker should develop either a working outline or a speaking outline, but not both.
answer

False
question

The process of interpreting a message is referred to as
answer

Decoding
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______________ occurs between two people.
answer

Dyadic communication
question

What are the five (5) canons of rhetoric?
answer

Delivery, invention, style, memory, and arrangement
question

Delivery refers to adapting speech information to the audience in order to make your case.
answer

False
question

Which type of outline is used when practicing and actually presenting a speech?
answer

Speaking outline
question

The context refers to anything that interferes with the communication process between speaker and audience so that the message cannot be understood.
answer

False
question

Coordination and subordination are different speech structures whose purpose is twofold: to help the audience follow the speaker’s ideas, and to arrange those ideas to optimum effect.
answer

False
question

The _______is the person who creates and delivers a message through a process called_________.
answer

source; encoding
question

This is a single phrase or sentence that precisely states what a speaker wants the audience to learn or do as a result of the speech.
answer

Specific purpose
question

When selecting a speech topic, a speaker should first consider which of the following as a guide?
answer

his or her interests
question

The content of a message can be expressed both verbally and nonverbally.
answer

True
question

Which of the following is the least formal type of communication?
answer

dyadic communication
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An informative speech marks a special occasion, such as a wedding, funeral, or dinner event.
answer

False
question

Noise is the medium through which a speaker sends a message.
answer

False
question

The ___________ is the first part of a speech, in which the speaker establishes the speech’s purpose and its relevance to the audience and previews the topic and the main points.
answer

Introduction
question

Stephen began to panic as soon as his instructor gave the speech assignment to the class. Stephen experienced
answer

pre-preparation anxiety.
question

_________________ is anxiety experienced when a speaker begins to rehearse a speech.
answer

Pre-performance anxiety
question

Using relaxation techniques before, during, and sometimes after a speech rarely gives a speaker a sense of control over physical manifestations of anxiety by activating the relaxation response and overcoming the fight-or-flight response.
answer

False
question

Feeling _________ is one reason many people are uncomfortable about public speaking.
answer

different
question

For works created from 1978 to date, a copyright is good during the author’s lifetime plus ____ years, and can be extended thereafter.
answer

NOT: 20
question

The most effective speakers stand perfectly still behind a podium and do not walk around.
answer

False
question

Pre-preparation anxiety can present itself for some people the moment they learn that they must give a speech.
answer

True
question

The ____________doctrine permits the limited use of copyrighted works without permission for use in scholarship, criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, and research.
answer

fair use
question

Lack of positive experience is key to overcoming speech anxiety.
answer

False
question

What are some of the strategies that a speaker can use to boost their confidence?
answer

Prepare and practice. Modify thoughts and attitudes. Visualize success. ANSWER: All of the above
question

If a particular type of speech is legal, it is also ethical.
answer

False
question

Properly channeling one’s nervousness boosts a speaker’s performance.
answer

True
question

Recognizing and respecting the audience’s values are imperative to ethical speaking.
answer

True
question

What are some of the potential sources of public-speaking anxiety?
answer

Lack of positive experience Being the center of attention Feeling different ANSWER: All of the above
question

The Greek word ethos means character.
answer

True
question

Trustworthiness is a combination of honesty and dependability.
answer

True
question

________________is a combination of honesty and dependability; it is important for speaker credibility and ethical public speaking.
answer

Trustworthiness
question

Legal protection afforded the creators of original literary and artistic works is called
answer

copyright.
question

If something is common knowledge, it does not need to be cited.
answer

True
question

Public-speaking anxiety fear or anxiety associated with a speaker’s actual or anticipated communication to an audience.
answer

True
question

Gaining confidence in public speaking comes about through preparation and practice.
answer

True
question

Research reveals that people place their greatest trust in speakers who exhibit all of the following except
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regular use of emotional appeals.
question

The explicit aim of audience analysis is to enable the speaker to adjust or adapt the speech in ways that will be meaningful to the audience.
answer

True
question

Listeners tend to pay attention to all of the following except
answer

information that is unrelated to their interests.
question

\”Have you ever been to a professional hockey game?\” is an example of
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NOT: an open-ended question. ?scale question
question

The continual adjustment between speaker and listener is called the ________________.
answer

feedback loop
question

Demographics are the ways in which people perceive reality; they are our conceptions of what is true and what is false.
answer

False
question

Noise, movement, light, darkness, heat, and cold are all examples of internal distractions.
answer

False
question

Open-ended questions are designed to elicit a small range of specific answers supplied by the interviewer.
answer

False
question

When evaluating evidence, the listener should determine if the sources of the evidence are credible.
answer

True
question

When we engage in scriptwriting we focus on what the speaker will say next.
answer

False
question

Active listening, includes differences in dialects, accents, nonverbal cues, gestures, word choice, and physical appearance.
answer

False
question

Selective perception is the conscious act of receiving, comprehending, evaluating and responding to messages.
answer

False
question

This is a type of question that contains a limited choice of answers, such as \”Yes,\” \”No,\” or \”Sometimes\”.
answer

fixed-alternative question
question

What are some of the characteristics typically considered in the analysis of a speech audience?
answer

Age, cultural background, socioeconomic status, and gender
question

________________is the process by which a speaker gathers and analyzes information about an audience to discover the listeners’ needs and interests to the fullest extent possible.
answer

Audience analysis
question

In a survey questionnaire, fixed-alternative questions measure the respondent’s level of agreement or disagreement with specific issues.
answer

False
question

Though speakers should set goals, it is unimportant for listeners to do so.
answer

False
question

It is important for a speaker to understand an audience’s beliefs and attitudes, but not their values.
answer

False
question

During a speech, members of a voluntary audience may be less positively disposed toward the occasion than members of a captive audience.
answer

False
question

The physical setting in which a speech occurs can have a significant impact on the outcome of a speech.
answer

True
question

All audience members bring the same set of expectations and emotions to a speech event.
answer

False
question

Which of the following is NOT a common obstacle to listening?
answer

Minimize external distractions. Minimize internal distractions. ?Practice scriptwriting and defensive listening. NOT: Beware of laziness and overconfidence.
question

________________is the open sharing of ideas in an atmosphere of respect in order to achieve understanding.
answer

Dialogic communication
question

People’s most enduring judgments about what is good and bad in life are called attitudes.
answer

False
question

An example of an idiom would be
answer

the phrase \”king of the hill.\”
question

This is language specific to a certain region or group of people.
answer

Idiom
question

_______________, a technique that involves the spontaneous generation of ideas, is one of the most popular ways to select a topic.
answer

Brainstorming
question

To narrow a speech topic, you need to consider time constraints, audience expectations, and the nature of the occasion.
answer

True
question

What are statistics not useful for?
answer

providing firsthand information
question

________ are documented occurrences that include events, dates, times, people involved, and places
answer

Facts
question

The authors suggest restricting your main points to between ____ and ____.
answer

two; five
question

The mean is the most frequently occurring score in the distribution.
answer

False
question

Hypothetical examples are effective for making a point about something that has already occurred.
answer

False
question

Lay testimony can be considered either real or imaginary tales that help us make sense of our experience.
answer

False
question

In Western societies most people require some type of evidence before they will accept a speaker’s position or claims.
answer

True
question

A statistic illustrates something that could happen in the future if certain events were to occur.
answer

False
question

If a speech is informative, its thesis statement represents what you are going to prove in the address.
answer

False
question

The authors suggest selecting a topic that you are not interested in and don’t care about.
answer

False
question

A ________________is a story that illustrates a moral or religious lesson.
answer

parable
question

A thesis statement is a single statement that expresses the theme or central idea of the speech and serves to connect all parts of the speech.
answer

True
question

Which of the following is NOT suggested as a way to find a topic.
answer

Select a topic that your audience might be tired of hearing about
question

The purpose of a(n) _________ speech is to increase the audience’s understanding and awareness of a topic.
answer

informative
question

Speeches that try to change core values about highly charged topics tend to be successful.
answer

False
question

Which type of example offers a single illustration of a point?
answer

brief
question

Cherry-picking is one way to present statistics ethically.
answer

False
question

Most people require some type of evidence, usually in the form of facts and statistics, before accepting someone else’s claims or position.
answer

True
question

_______________is provided by professionals who are trained to evaluate or report on a given topic.
answer

Expert testimony
question

Word associations help a speaker generate topics by writing down words and phrases as they come to mind.
answer

True
question

A percentage is the quantified portion of a whole and can clearly express proportion, showing how similar or different categories are.
answer

True
question

Frequencies can help listeners understand comparisons between two or more categories.
answer

True
question

The thesis statement and the specific purpose are not related.
answer

False
question

Disinformation refers to something that is not true.
answer

False
question

Books of quotations and poetry collections are not examples of reference works.
answer

False
question

Secondary sources contain information about famous or noteworthy people.
answer

False
question

Any ideas not your own should be orally cited in your speech.
answer

True
question

A(n) __________ is a regularly published magazine or journal.
answer

periodical
question

Companies that pay engines or directories for inclusion in an index of results without a guarantee of ranking are practicing
answer

paid inclusion
question

_____________________is the practice some search engines engage in of charging for guaranteed higher rankings.
answer

Paid placement
question

Blogs can be searched through search engines such as __________ or _________________.
answer

Technarati; Google Blog Search
question

When conducting an interview, questions should not to be prepared in advance.
answer

False
question

This type of source has been evaluated by experts before being published and supplies citations for the information it contains.
answer

Refereed journal
question

The purpose of propaganda is to instill a particular attitude and to encourage you to think a particular way.
answer

True
question

Misinformation is the deliberate falsification of information.
answer

False
question

Some periodical databases are devoted to individual disciplines.
answer

True
question

Original or firsthand research conducted by the speaker is primary research.
answer

True
question

General search engines (e.g., Google Scholar) conduct a narrower but deeper search into a particular field.
answer

False
question

Secondary sources provide firsthand accounts or direct evidence of events, objects, or people.
answer

False
question

Primary research does not include
answer

information gathered by others.
question

___________ are words and phrases that describe the main concept of topics.
answer

Keywords
question

These types of sources include all information collected and produced by federal agencies.
answer

Government publications
question

Using a library portal allows you to access multiple resources such as full-text databases, reference works, books, and statistical resources.
answer

True
question

This consists of the large portion of the Web not available through general Internet search engines.
answer

The deep web
question

Individual search engines compile their own databases as well as scanning a variety of others.
answer

False
question

Which type of reference work summarizes knowledge that is found in original form elsewhere?
answer

encyclopedia
question

Atlases are collections of maps, text, and accompanying charts and tables. They are especially helpful when the topic involves a geographical location.
answer

True
question

Which types of search engines are devoted entirely to one topic?
answer

NOT: specialized search engines NOT: general search engines
question

Boolean operators are words placed between keywords in a search that specify how the keywords are related.
answer

True
question

Feedback from other people can help a speaker learn to do better in the next speech.
answer

True
question

A paraphrase is information that is a restatement of someone else’s statements, ideas, or written work in the speaker’s own words.
answer

True
question

Ethics are statements that are made verbatim and should always be acknowledged.
answer

False
question

Persuasion is any speech that involves issues of importance to the greater community at large.
answer

False
question

Which of the following are suggestions for offering constructive and compassionate feedback?
answer

Be fair and honest in your evaluation. Adjust to the speaker’s style. Be selective in your criticism. ANSWER: All of the above
question

Topic mapping lays out precisely what you want the audience to get from the speech.
answer

False
question

Preparation anxiety is the process of seeing yourself give a successful speech and is a highly effective way to reduce nervousness.
answer

False
question

In any given situation, no two listeners process information in exactly the same way.
answer

True
question

One of the most successful strategies a speaker can use in inspirational speaking is
answer

employing a dynamic speaking style.
question

How can speakers enhance their credibility?
answer

By being honest and straightforward.
question

Because controversial humor is popular on late-night television, you should make ample use of it when speaking on formal occasions.
answer

False
question

An excellent means of appealing to buyer psychology can be achieved through the use of the _________.
answer

motivated sequence

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