Psychology of Sport and Exercise CH 12

Flashcard maker : Lily Taylor
Which of the following is NOT a phase in Smith’s cognitive-affective stress management training?
post treatment assessment
Progressive relaxation was developed by
Edmund Jacobson
Stress inoculation training focuses on which of the following mental techniques to reduce stress?
imagery and self-talk
Athletes should make sure that when they are performing a skill under pressure, they
breathe out during execution of the skill
The elements necessary to achieve the relaxation response include
a quiet environment, a passive attitude,
a mental device,
a comfortable position
Both Ron Smith’s cognitive-affective stress management training and Don Meichenbaum’s stress inoculation training are examples of ___________ anxiety programs.
multimodal
Which of the following levels of effort produced the fastest running times of 400-meter runners?
95%
Which of the following statements is (are) true regarding research findings on coping in sport?
athletes use both adaptive and nonadaptive coping strategies, athletes who had more adaptive coping strategies had higher performance
Which of the following is (are) NOT a basic tenet of progressive relaxation?
tension and relaxation can occur simultaneously
Which of the following can be useful as an on-site strategy to help reduce tension?
smile when the pressure is coming on, slow down, stay focused in the present
An athlete who is under activated commonly experiences which of the following?
heavy feeling in the legs, mind wandering
The suggested ratio for the time of inhalation to exhalation when using breath control as a relaxation device is
1:02
Before starting progressive relaxation you should
dim the lights, lie down in a comfortable position
Which of the following is NOT a phase in the hypnosis process?
autogenic phase
Relaxation (anxiety reduction) techniques are usually classified as
cognitive and somatic
Which of the following is (are) NOT among the interventions for cognitive-affective stress management training?
systematic desensitization
The two sensations that are emphasized in autogenic training are
warmth and heaviness
Autogenic training was developed by
Schultz and Luthe
Which of the following statements regarding hypnosis is (are) true?
the more open individuals are to receiving suggestions, the more likely they will benefit from hypnosis, negative suggestions almost always result in a decrease in performance,
the deeper the trance, the more likely the hypnosis will be effective
A good way to increase awareness of psychological states in sport is to
monitor and record your psychological states immediately after practice and competition
Which of the following is (are) NOT a stage in autogenic training?
cooling of the extremities
The two most widely accepted coping categories are known as
problem-focused and emotion-focused coping
Excess anxiety can produce
inappropriate muscle tension, inappropriate thoughts, somatic (physiological) reactions
A good starting point for increasing awareness of arousal states is to
visualize your best and worst performances
Which of the following is NOT a coping strategy typically employed by elite athletes?
superstition
The matching hypothesis refers to
matching the type of anxiety management technique to the specific anxiety problem of each individual athlete
Ost has developed an applied relaxation technique using progressive relaxation that can be done at competitions in
20 to 30 seconds
The basic premise of stress inoculation training is to
expose the individual to increasing amounts of stress, thereby enhancing the person’s immunity to stress
According to the research on biofeedback by Landers and his colleagues,
biofeedback provides a mechanism for coping with precompetitive anxiety, biofeedback can improve the performance of rifle shooters, biofeedback provides shooters with a greater awareness of their heart and respiration rates
According to the study by Eubank and Collins, individuals perceiving their anxiety as
facilitative (as opposed to debilitative) use more, emotion-focused coping, problem-focused coping
Cognitive restructuring attempts to
identify and modify stress-inducing self-statements
The state of mind produced by the relaxation response is similar to that described during
transcendental meditation
The relaxation response was developed by
Herbert Benson
Using an electronic monitoring device that can detect and amplify internal responses not ordinarily available to us is known as
biofeedback
According to research by Gould and colleagues with elite athletes, athletes
prepared for unexpected events, placed a great deal of importance on mental training
Effective breathing occurs from the
diaphragm

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