Psychology chapters 10-13

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Which of the following accurately reflects Freud’s view of development in middle childhood
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To form emotional bonds with peers in to move beyond those developed with parents
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According to Erikson children resolve this site psychosocial task of middle childhood through their
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School relationships
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Rudolph is struggling with his math and reading skills but excels at soccer what would Erik and say about Rudolph sense of competence
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Rudolph was successfully resolve the conflict of the stage through his competence at soccer
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During middle childhood and new component of self is added to the categorical social and emotional self this new component include stains like personality traits what is the term for this new component
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Psychological self
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Which of the following best defines self- efficiency
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The belief in one’s ability to cause an intended event to happen
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Which of the following is a major influence in a child’s self-esteem
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The general support the child feels from her parents peers and others
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According to Piggy’s ideas about children’s moral development a child who insist that the rules of a game cannot be changed because they come from Authority such as parents or religious figures is demonstrating moral development at what stage
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Moral realism
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Which of the following is NOT one of the author’s suggestions to encourage moral reasoning
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Punish them immediately after they have done something wrong
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Which of the following is an implication of the resource dilution hypothesis
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That later born children in a family will not perform as well as first born children on achievement test
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Developmentalists have suggested that differences in the expectations of parents have for boys and girls may be responsible for
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Stronger standards of behavior for girls in later developmental periods
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Rejecting comments manipulation ordering challenging or defiance all define which of the following
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Controlling speech
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Psychologists have begun to believe that girls may not be less aggressive than boys or rather that girls may express themselves by using which form of aggression
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Relational aggression
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Which of the following is not a characteristic of victims of bullying
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A good sense of humor
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According to the text which of the following is a link to rejection and I’m popularity among children
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Aggression and disruptive behavior
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which of the following seems to be the most important element in a child’s acceptance by
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Social behavior
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Which of the following characteristics is more likely to be found in neglected children than in popular or rejected children
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Depression and loneliness
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At what age do most of elementalist agree that a child might begin self-care
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Nine or 10
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Which child is most likely to suffer from negative effects of self-care
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Darius who lives in a bad neighborhood in my stay inside with all the doors locked at all times
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How has the number of children living in poverty changed from the 1980 to now
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It has declined
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In the United States government define poverty as which of the following income levels for a family with
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13,461
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Your text suggest a reason why parents living in poverty are more likely to be stricter and place more emphasis on obedience what is that reason
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It is a logical response to the neighborhoods they are likely to be living in
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All of the following statements address typical ways that party in packs children except
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Children raised in poverty have increased capacity to deal with stress
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Many children who grow up in neighborhoods with street violence gang activity and overcrowded homes suffer from which of the following
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PTSD
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Which of the following would most likely be a resilient
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The child who lives in a neglectful environment but shows few adverse effects because she has the support of our teachers and extended family
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Which researcher conducted the Bobo doll studies to evaluate the effects of observing aggressive behavior on children
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Albert Bandura
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Which of the following best defines
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The transitional period between childhood and adulthood
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Which group of hormones is responsible for the development of sex organs
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Estrogen and females and testosterone in males
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At what ages do the two major growth spurts occur
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13 – 15 and 17 – 18
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During puberty the pituitary gland signals the adrenal glands to increase production of Anderson what is the term for this process
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Adrenarche
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Which of the following is the earliest sign of puberty for a female
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Changes in breasts and pubic hair
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According to current research which of the following accounts for the secular trend in development worldwide
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Improvements in nutrition and health care
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Which of the following is a true statement regarding obesity and puberty
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Obesity is likely to be positively correlated with early puberty in girls
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of the following events in boys puberty which typically occurs earliest
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Growth of genitals
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Which of the following groups is more likely to occupy leadership roles but also be at increased risk for alcohol or drug use
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Early maturing boys
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Which of the following factors is most likely to influence whether or not teens become sexually active across
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Social factors
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In the United States earlier initiation to adolescent sexual activity is associated with which of the following
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Earlier dating
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Which of the following statements is true regarding adolescent pregnancy in the US
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The number of births to unmarried team has increased over the past 4 decades
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How many teen pregnancies end in abortion
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About one third
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What is the concordance rate of homosexuality in fraternal twins
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20%
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Which of the following term applies to a person whose psychological gender does not match their physical sex
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Transgender
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What is the correlation between risk seeking behavior and the media
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Teens who are most strongly influenced by media portrayals of risky behavior are more likely to engage in sensation seeking
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Anorexia nervosa is characterized by
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Intense fear of weight gain extreme dieting and obsessive exercising
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The eating disorder bulimia nervosa is characterized by
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Episodes of binge eating that are followed by purging activities
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Which of the following is not associated with bulimia
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Excessive weight loss
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Why are girls less likely to complete suicide
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They tend to use means that are less successful such as poisoning
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All of the following are recognized as common factors among suicide completers except
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History of parentalDivorce
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What is piagets fourth stage of cognitive development
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Formal operations
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Which statement best describes the transition from elementary school to high school
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Students experience losses in academic achievement and self-esteem
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Which of the following is the best example of a child who has ability goals for academic achievement
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Cindy hopes to score higher on her college entrance exam than any of her brothers and sisters
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Which of the following best explains what shapes girls desire to take advanced math and science classes
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Their own abilities and believe in the acceptability of these subjects for girls
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Which of Freud’s psychosexual stages is reached in the post pubertal years
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Genital
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Which of the following represents Erik in central crisis of adolescence
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Identity vs role confusion
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Having a personal investment in a specific role value calor ideology describes which of the following components of marcias theory
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Commitment
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Which of the following might be an advantage of cultures which have clearly identified rites of passage into adulthood
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Teenagers are able to establish a clear transition from childhood to adulthood
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Which of the following differentiates teenagers descriptions of themselves from older children’s self descriptions
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Teens are more likely to describe themselves in terms of what they believe or feel
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Which of the following statements is true regarding adolescent self-esteem
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Teens of all ethnicities in the US are likely to experience a drop in self esteem as a transition from childhood to early adolescence
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What is the term used by developmentalists to describe the psychological aspects of sexual self
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Gender role identity
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The first stage of Phinney’s theory of ethnic identity is
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An unexamined ethnic identity
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At the preconventional stage of Kohlberg’s levels of moral development a child’s moral reasoning is based on which of the following
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The outcome or consequences of an action
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All of the following are necessary conditions for the development of advanced moral reasoning except
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Concrete operational and formal operational thinking skills
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Which of the following characteristics is both a cause and a consequence of moral development according to Nancy Eisenberg
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Empathy
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If you believe that there are distinct differences in the way that boys and girls perceive moral dilemmas which theorist would you most likely support
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Carol Gilligan
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Which of the following best defines the term anti social and psychological theories
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having a moral stance which disregard the norms of society
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Which of the following term best describes antisocial behavior that includes law breaking
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Delinquency
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Among adolescents peer group pressures are most likely to be
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Toward positive activities such as school involvement
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Which of the following best describes a combination of clicks which includes both male and female members
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Crowd
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Which of the following is the best example of a click as described by dunphy
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Bobby might George and Erik has share the good times and the bad times in each others lives since they were 12 years old
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The identity prototypes that are associated with reputation-based peer groups most likely serve the developmental purpose of
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Helping to create or reinforce adolescents sense of identity
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Which of the following is likely to be true of social interactions in later adolescence
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Mutual friendship and dating pairs become more important then click or crowds
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Which of the following is not a risk factor for early dating and higher levels of sexual experience among adolescent girls
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Having same sex parents
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Which of the following is not true of homosexual teens
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They’re likely to discover their sexual attraction is much later than their heterosexual peers
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Which of the following best describes the years between 18 and 40
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They are a time of optimal physical and cognitive functioning
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Researchers have identified two different types of aging what are they
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Primary and secondary
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What is the term that researchers used to describe the basic underlying inevitable process of physical change that affect all human beings
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Primary aging
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According to developmentalist which of the following most strongly influences length of life expectancy quality of health and incidence of chronic illness among adults
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Social class
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All of the following are lifestyle or behavioral change that will moderate the effects of primary aging on the body except
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Attending religious services
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Which part of the brain regulates emotional response
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Limbic system
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When people think of the brain they think of grey matter which of the following best defines white matter
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The collection of myelinated axons that connect one neuron to another
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Which two specific changes occur in the immune system beginning in adolescence
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Shrinking of the thymus gland and production of immune T cells
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Why do adults become more susceptible to disease as they age
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Pure antibodies are produced in T cells become less efficient
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Which of the following is the most common measure of overall aerobic fitness of the heart and lungs
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Maximum oxygen uptake
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When is a woman’s fertility at its peak
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Late teens and early twenties
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Which of the following best describes changes in reproductive functioning as men and women age
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Lower sperm counts in men are almost always related to a disease state while in women the inability to reproduce is almost always age-related
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Which of the following occurs in approximately 20% to 25% of IVF pregnancies
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They have twins
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Which of the following best illustrates Seligman view of optimism
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Although six banks rejected wheels application for a loan to start a computer software company he persisted in his efforts to convince people that his computer operating system would revolutionize personal computing
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Among which age group in the United States are STDs most common
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20 – 25 years old
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Which of the following STDs can lead to serious mental disorders and death if not treated
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Syphilis
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In which of the following groups is the rate of syphilis increasing
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White homosexual men
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All of the following are factors that increase susceptibility to infection with sexually transmitted diseases except
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Discussion of socially transmitted diseases in high school
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Surveys indicate that in the United States approximately ___ percent of women have been injured by a partner compared to ___ percent of men
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25% to 8%
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Which of the following groups is most likely to be a victim of partner abuse
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Women 16 – 24 years of age
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Which of the following is NOT one of the approaches suggested in your text in preventing intimate partner abuse
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Provide the victims with means to protect themselves such as weapons
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What are the most common mental disorder affecting young adults
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Anxiety and mood disorders
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Which mental disorder is characterized by the disturbances of thought such as delusions and hallucinations
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Schizophrenia
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What type of thinking would a young adult used to make decisions about ambiguous problems that may have multiple solutions
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Dialectical thought
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Which of the following would you utilize as quickly and accurately work a crossword puzzle
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Crystallized intelligence

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