Psych. Final Study Questions

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ends of a continuum
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According to your text, normal and abnormal behavior are best viewed as:
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Both B and C
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Based on your text’s discussion, most importantly, abnormal behavior
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All of these
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According to your text, the major perspectives on abnormality
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psychoanalytic perspective
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Which perspective on abnormal behavior places the greatest emphasis on early childhood and internal emotions and drives?
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cognitive
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“Some people are perfect! Why cant I be perfect? Why is everything I do wrong?” A________ therapist might encourage a client to change such irrational thoughts.
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Dr. Coates primarily prescribes psychotropic he or she seems to take?
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Which therapist is correctly labeled with the perspective he or she seems to take?
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psychoanalytic
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Which perspective on abnormality does the DSM most clearly or directly reflect?
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the potential effects of labeling people with the respect to inflexible categories
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Many of the criticisms of the DSM revolve around
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phobic
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Brett has an intense, irrational fear of needles and other sharp objects. Brett might be diagnosed with_______ disorder.
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Neither is correctly
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Which of the following potential explanations of anxiety disorders is CORRECTLY matched with the perspective it reflects?
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mood
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Disorders of emotional experience that impair everyday living are called_______disorders.
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biomedical
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Because of their purely biological, organic mental disorders are best approached from a_______ perspective.
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depression and alcohol dependence
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The two most common psychological disorders in contemporary America are, in order,
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self-defeating personality disorder
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Which of the following was completely taken out of the DSM-IV-TR after considerable debate?
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Both A and B
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Why was self-defeating personality disorder removed from the DSM?
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only four
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Of all the disorders in the DSM, how many are found in all the cultures of the world?
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twice as
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Women are _______ likely to experience major depression as are men.
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schizophrenia
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Patients diagnosed with _______ account for the largest percentage of those hospitalized with mental disorders.
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Type II; Type I
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________ schizophrenia is dominated by negative symptoms; _________ schizophrenia is characterized mostly by positive symptoms.
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antisocial personality disorder
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A manipulative, callous individual with no apparent conscience might be classified with which disorder?
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borderline
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Carrie is dramatic and emotionally volatile. She rapidly forms intense relationships that seem to blow up or fall apart just as quickly. Although she tends to distrust others, she also needs their attention. Carrie might be diagnosed with _______ personality disorder.
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Binge eating disorder does not involve purging or other attempts to prevent weight gain
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What is the relationship between binge eating disorder and bulimia?
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the explicit consideration of past experiences
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Psychodynamic therapy involves
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Therapists are more directive in today’s person-centered therapy than was the case in the past
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How is contemporary person-centered therapy different than it was in Roger’s day?
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they lack sufficient specificity to satisfy the critics
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One criticism of humanistic approaches to therapy is that
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psychodynamic; shorter and more directive
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Interpersonal therapy derives from _______ approaches to therapy, but it is _________.
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Any of these
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Which of the following therapeutic approaches is typical of group therapy?
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In group therapy, the therapist is usually highly directive
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Regarding group therapy, which of these statements is FALSE?
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meta-analysis
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A research technique in which the results of many studies are combined is known as
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Both A and B
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Which of the following might account for the fact that the effectiveness of psychotherapy is about the same, no matter the type of therapy?
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eclectic
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Using a ________ approach, therapists blend a variety of techniques to treat an individual’s disorder.
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chlorpromazine; schizophrenia
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The first major antipsychotic drug to be introduced was _________; it was used to treat __________.
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atypical; dopamine and serotonin
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The newest antipsychotics are called ________ antipsychotis; they influence the neurotransmitters ________.
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lithium for the manic phase, as well as an antidepressant for the depressive phase
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Ida has bipolar disorder. Most likely, she would be prescribed
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50%
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Approximately what percentage of U.S. families includes a member who has taken an antianxiety drug?
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observational learning
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A client with social anxiety watches a film in which an individual greets strangers in a crowded room, makes small talk, and smiles pleasantly. The individual in the film appears to gain pleasure from these activities. The behavior therapy technique used in this scenario is
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Research reveals that behavioral treatments produce actual changes in the functioning of the brain
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How might one best respond to the charge that behavior therapy produces only a superficial change in external behavior?
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It is loosely structured
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Characteristics of cognitive treatment approaches include each of the following EXCEPT:
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feelings of emptiness and alienation
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According to humanistic therapists, psychological disorders reflect
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1950s; Carl Rogers
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Person-centered therapy was developed in the mid-______by_______.
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empathetic
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Which of these terms best captures the essence of unconditional positive regard?
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Both A and B
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Psychoanalysts attempt to access the unconscious through
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transfer of strong feelings about parents or authority figures to a psychoanalyst
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What is transference?
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It assumes that patients are highly articulate and verbal
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Which of the following statements accurately identifies a disadvantage of psychodynamic therapy?
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systematic desensitization- gradual exposure to an anxiety-provoking stimulus is paired with relaxation
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Which behavior therapy technique is CORRECTLY matched to its description?
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new CR
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Recall the terminology of classical conditioning. In systematic desensitization, relaxation is best seen as a
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Both B and C
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A hierarchy of fears may be used in
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Both A and B are true
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Which of these statements is TRUE with respect to transcranial magnetic stimulation
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increased from 10% to 25%
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From 1989 to 2001, the proportion of college students taking medication for psychological disorders has
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Al of these
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Potential disadvantages of biomedical therapy include which of these problems?

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