Psych 101 Test 1

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Wernicke’s aphasia
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condition resulting form damage to wernicke’s area, causing the affected person to be unable to understand or produce meaningful language
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Psychology
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the scientific study of behavior and mental processes
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objective introspection
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the process of examining and measuring one’s own thoughts and mental activites
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structuralism
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early perspective in psychology associated with wihelm wundt and edward titchener, n which the focus of study is the structure or basic elements of the mind
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functionalism
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early perspective in psychology associated with William James, in which the focus of study is how the mind allows people to adapt, live, work, and play
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psychoanalysis
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the theory and therapy based on the work of Sigmund Frued
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Behavorism
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the science of behavior that focuses on observable behavior only
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psychodynamic perspective
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modern version of psychoanalysis that is more focused on the development of sense of self and the discovery of motivations behind a person’s behavior other than sexual motivations
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cognitive perspective
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modern perspective that focuses on memory, intelligence, perception, problem solving, and learning.
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cognitive neuroscience
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study of physical changes in the brain and nervous system during thinking.
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Sociocultural perspective
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perspective that focuses on the relationship between social behavior and culture
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biopsychological perspective
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perspective that attributes human and animal behavior to biological events occurring in the body, such as genetic influences, hormones, and the activity of the nervous system.
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evolutionary perspective
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perspective that focuses on the biological bases of universal mental characteristics that all humans share.
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psychologist
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a professional with an academic degree and specialized training in one or more areas of psychology
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psychiatrist
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a medical doctor who has specialized in the diagnosis and treatment of psychological disorders
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psychiatric social worker
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a social worker with some training in therapy methods who focuses on the environmental conditions that can have an impact on mental disorders, such as poverty, overcrowding, stress, and drug abuse.
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population
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the entire group of people or animals in which the researcher is interested.
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critical thinking
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making reasoned judgments about claims
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nervous system
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an extensive network of specialized cells that carres information to and from all parts of the body
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Central nervous system
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(CNS) part of the nervous system consisting of the brain and spinal cord
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Spinal cord
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long bundle of neurons that carries messages between the body and the brain and is responsible for very fast, lifesaving reflexes
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Reflex arc
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the connection of the afferent neurons to the interneurons to the efferent neurons, resulting in a reflex arc

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