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PSY 611 Group Process Essay

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A major difference between group therapy and group counseling lies in
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C. the goals of the group
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Which of the following is NOT true of psychoeducational groups?
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D. They tend to be long term.
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Which of the following is NOT a similarity between self-help groups and therapy groups?
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A. Both are led by qualified professionals.
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In self-help groups the focus tends to be on
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D. All of the above (discussing external causes, developing strategies to deal, stressing a common identity)
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If you are involved in group work with culturally diverse populations, it will be important for you to
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B. accept the challenge of modifying your strategies to meet the unique needs of the members
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Which of the following is an advantage of group work with multicultural populations?
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E. All of the above are advantages (gain from power and strength of feedback, modeling, not alone, cross-cultural universality)
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A limitation of group work in a multicultural context is that
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B. many ethnic clients consider it shameful to talk about their personal problems in front of others
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Which of the following is NOT an example of Western values?
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A. interdependence
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Assume that you are leading a group and a particular ethnic client tends to be very quiet. Which of the following might be explain this silence?
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C. The silence may indicate politeness and a sense of respect.
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If you are intending to form a group composed of culturally diverse members, it would be important to
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E. Do all of the above (prepare clients, general understanding, patience, help clients identify why they’re there)
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The “Best Practice Guidelines” developed by ASGW (2008) provide general suggestions for enhancing your level of competence as a group worker. Which of these suggestions is NOT included in the guidelines?
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D. None of the above; they are all suggested in the guideline
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The principle of informed consent applies to
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C. both voluntary and involuntary groups
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On the matter of coercion and pressure in a group, members should know that
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E. Both A and B are true. some pressure, right to be protected under pressure
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On the issue of psychological risks in groups, what can be safely said?
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B. Because groups can be catalysts for change, they also contain risks
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Advanced competencies have been specified by the ASGW for which groups?
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D. All of the above (task work, psychoeducational, counseling and psychotherapy)
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A ____________ group represents a microcosm of the social structure that exists in the everyday world and offers participants the opportunity to experiment with new behaviors, develop social skills, and get feedback from many diverse sources.
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A. heterogeneous
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Which of the following would NOT be considered one of a group member’s rights?
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B. The right to expect complete confidentiality
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What is the recommended course of action regarding the freedom to exit a group?
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E. All of the above are true
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Regarding the right to confidentiality, which statement is FALSE?
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C. Members who are in an involuntary group have no rights to confidentiality.
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Leaders who develop sexual relationships with current group members are
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D. Doing all of the above (unethical, jeopardizing license, degrading profession)
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Which is the correct sequence of the stages of a group?
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C. Initial, transition, working, final
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Which stage is characterized by dealing with conflict, defensiveness, and resistance?
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B. transition stage
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Inclusion and identity are the primary tasks of which stage of a group?
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A. initial stage
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Teaching participants some general guidelines of group functioning, developing group norms, and assisting members to express their fears and expectations are al group leadership functions during the
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C. initial and exploration stage
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Which stage is generally characterized by increased anxiety and defensiveness?
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B. transition stage
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Cohesion and productivity are most closely associated with the
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A. working stage
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Conflict and struggle for control are most likely to appear in the
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B. transition stage
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Resistance in a group can be seen as
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E. both A and B (common form of defense, material for productive exploration)
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When attempting to organize and begin a group in an agency, it is important to
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A. be aware of the politics involved in the setting in which you work
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When working with involuntary group members, it is important to
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B. discuss with them ways to use the time beneficially
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Those who seek the services in college counseling centers are increasingly older and diverse win terms of sociodemographic features and life experiences, making group work more challenging.
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True
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Structured groups are often based on a learning theory model and use behavioral procedures.
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True
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The terms self-help group and support group are often used interchangeable.
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True
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Essentially, self-help groups and therapy groups have the same goals.
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True
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Self-help groups often focus on exploring external causes of members’ problems as well as developing strategies to deal with environmental pressures and barriers.
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False
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The literature dealing with multicultural counseling indicates that ethnic and minority clients are making full use of mental health services.
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False
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Group leaders may encounter resistance from some ethnic or minority clients because they are using traditional White, middle-class values to interpret these clients’ experiences.
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True
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An advantage of group work with ethnic clients is that members can gain fro the power and strength of collective group feedback.
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True
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A disadvantage of group work with ethnic clients is their reluctance to disclose personal material or to share family secrets.
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True
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If an ethnic client displays silence in a group, this behavior is most probably a sign of resistance.
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False
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It is best not to inform clients of their rights as members before they join a group, for this generally reduces their commitment to work.
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False
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It is clearly unethical to form groups composed of involuntary members.
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False
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It is a good practice to remind participants from time to time of the danger of inadvertently breaking confidentiality.
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True
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One way to establish trust is to reassure members that whatever they disclose in a session will never go outside of the group.
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False
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It is realistic to assume that adequately led groups, by their very nature, eliminate psychological risks to the participants.
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False
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It is unwise to forewarn participants of the psychological risks of being in a group, for this is likely to create a tense climate and lead to extreme caution.
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False
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It is important that group leaders be clear about their own values and express them openly when it is relevant and appropriate to the work of the group.
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True
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As a group counselor, you may face the need in a malpractice action to justify the techniques you have used.
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True
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Group leaders who possess personal power generally meet their needs at the expense of the members and are therefore unethical.
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False
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Research findings on leader self-disclosure clearly indicate that the more leaders disclose of their personal lives, the more their groups become self-directed and cohesive.
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False
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Identifying with clients by assuming their internal frames of reference
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B. empathizing
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Expressing concrete and honest reactions based on observations of members’ behavior.
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E. giving feedback
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Attending to verbal and nonverbal aspects of communication without judging or evaluating.
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C. active listening
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Demonstrating desired behavior through actions.
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A. modeling
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Challenging participants to look at discrepancies between their words and action, or verbal and nonverbal communication.
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A. confronting
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Revealing one’s reactions to here-and now events in the group.
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D. disclosing oneself
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Promoting member-to-member interactions rather than focusing on member-to-leader interactions.
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B. linking
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Safeguarding members from unnecessary psychological risks in the group.
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E. protecting
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Preparing a group to close a session or end its existence
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B. terminating
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Planning specific goals for the group process and helping participants define concrete personal issues as the focus of work.
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D. goal setting
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a. life stages b. developmental crises c. psychosocial stages d. stress inoculation e. critical tasks
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D. developmental crises
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a. fictional finalism b. basic mistakes c. A-B-C theory d. social interest e. style of life
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C. A-B-C theory
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a. playing the projection b. the rehearsal experiment c. family modeling d. working with dreams e. making the rounds
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C. family modeling
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a. style of life b. openness to experience c. self-trust d. internal source of evaluation e. willingness to continue growing
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A. style of life
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a. total behavior b. mistaken goals c. private logic d. early recollections e. family constellation
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A. total behavior
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a. congruence b. redecision c. internal source of evaluation d. unconditional positive regard e. accurate empathic understanding
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B. redecision
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a. WDEP b. plan for action c. commitment d. unconditional positive regard e. quality world
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D. unconditional positive regard
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a. ABC theory b. irrational beliefs c. choice theory d. cognitive restructuring e. self-defeating thought patterns
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C. choice theory
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a. present-centered awareness b. the concept of the now c. unfinished business d. life script analysis e. bringing the past into the here-and-now
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D. life script analysis
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a. relaxation training b. the dialogue experiment c. exaggeration technique d. reversal technique e. present-centered dream work
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A. relaxation training
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a. injunctions b. existential anxiety c. early decisions d. games e. redecisions
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B. existential anxiety
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a. early recollections b. strokes c. lifescripts d. games e. early decisions
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A. early recollections
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a. social skills training b. cognitive restructuring c. modeling methods d. assertiveness training e. analysis of transference
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E. analysis of transference
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a. the dialogue experiment b. cognitive restructuring c. exaggeration experiment d. rehearsal experiment e. making the rounds
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B. cognitive restructuring
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a. games b. rackets c. scripting d. catharsis e. Parent, Adult, Child
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D. catharsis
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a. figure-ground b. unfinished business c. ego states d. contact and resistance to contact e. energy and blocks to energy
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C. ego states
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a. a “not knowing” person b. exception questions c. scaling questions d. formula first session task e. choice theory
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E. choice theory
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a. motivational interviewing b. the MI spirit c. transference d. the relational context of therapy e. reduction of ambivalence
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C. transference
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a. teleology b. games c. phenomenological orientation d. lifestyle assessment e. social interest
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B. games
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a. total behavior b. choice theory c. inner picture album d. rackets e. WDEP system
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D. rackets
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a. transtheoretical model b. maintenance c. Parent, Adult, Child d. preparation e. pre contemplation
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C. Parent, Adult, Child
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a. solution-focused therapy b. the miracle question c. exception questions d. focus on the future e. focus on the past
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E. focus on the past
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a. disputation of irrational beliefs b. cognitive homework c. rational emotive imagery d. shame-attacking exercises e. dialogue experiment
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E. dialogue experiment
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a. I/Thou relationship b. lifescripts c. redecisions d. injunctions and early decisions e. strokes
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A. I/Thou relationships
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a. reexperiencing one’s past b. developing an action plan c. getting a commitment d. refusing to accept excuses e. refusing to use punishment
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A. reexperiencing one’s past
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Many analytically oriented group therapists have a leadership style that is characterized by
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A. objectivity, warm detachment, and relative anonymity
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Adler stresses
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B. the purposeful nature of behavior
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Psychodrama was developed by
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C. J.L. Moreno
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An essential aim of existential-humanistic therapy is to
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E. all of the above
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The congruence of a group leader implies
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C. genuineness
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Which of the following is NOT a key concept of the Gestalt group?
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C. understanding one’s irrational beliefs
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The founder of transactional analysis is
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B. Eric Berne
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Which of the following techniques is NOT considered a behavioral technique?
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B. dialogue technique
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REBT methodology includes all of the following procedures EXCEPT
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C. analysis of one’s lifescript
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Which of the following is NOT a key concept of reality therapy?
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B. Members focus on early childhood issues.
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In an analytic group free association might be used for all of the following except
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E. getting clients to evaluate their quality world
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All of the following are key concepts underlying the Adlerian group except
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E. the ABC theory of personality
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Which of the following techniques is least likely to be used in psychodrama?
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A. lifestyle assessment
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In an existential group, which technique would be considered essential?
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E. none of the above
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Which best captures the role and functions of a person-centered group counselor?
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B. facilitator
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Which of the following is generally NOT a technique used in Gestalt groups?
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C. teaching rational thinking
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Which of the following is NOT a key concept of TA groups?
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A. lifestyle assessment
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During the initial stage of a behavioral group, the concern of the group leader is to
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E. do all of the above
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In an REBT group, role playing involves
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B. a cognitive restructuring of beliefs
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Which of the following is a typical procedure used in reality therapy groups?
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E. evaluating current behavior
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Dreams are explored in
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D. all of the above
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The object-relations theory is associated with
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E. none of the above
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Choice is stressed in
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D. all of the above
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Insight is stressed in all of these approaches except
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C. solution-focused brief therapy
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The process of skillful questioning would be used mostly by a group leader with which theoretical orientation?
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B. reality therapy
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Unfinished business and avoidance are key concepts of
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A. Gestalt therapy
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Which type of group serves the function of re-creating the original family so that members can work through their unresolved problems?
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C. pschoanalytic
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Individual Psychology is another name for
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B. Alderian therapy
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Contracts and homework assignments are most likely to be used in
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E. all of the above
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Which approach would be least interested in the exploration of early childhood experiences?
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A. solution-focused brief therapy
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Which of the following is NOT true regrind behavioral assessment?
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B. It focuses on the client’s past functioning and life conditions.
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Concepts of introjection, projection, retroflection, confluence, and deflection are part of
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C. Gestalt therapy
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The concept of basic psychological life positions is part of
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B. TA
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Which theory would be most concerned with understanding and exploring an individual’s developmental stages?
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B. psychoanalytic therapy
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The socioteleological approach that holds that people are primarily motivated by social forces and are striving to achieve certain goals is associated with
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D. Adlerian therapy
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Which type of group counselor would tend to give the least degree of direction?
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B. person-centered therapist
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The here-and-now is emphasized in
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E. all of the above
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Solution-focused counseling has parallels to ___________ which pays attention to what is right and what is working for people rather than dwelling on deficits, weaknesses, and problems.
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A. postive psychology
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The ABC theory is associated with
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D. REBT
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A focus on ego states would occur in
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C. TA groups
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In which type of group do clients choose the goals they wish to accomplish, and little attention is given to diagnosis, history taking, analysis of dysfunctional interactions, and exploration of the problem?
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C. solution-focused brief therapy groups
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Cognitive homework is most likely to be assigned in
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C. REBT groups
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Modeling would be important in which type of group?
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C. REBT
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Choice theory is a basic part of the practice of
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C. reality therapy
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The role of the family would be stressed most in which type of group?
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E. Adlerian group
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The miracle question is one example of
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A. a future-oriented exception questions
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Which approach would be most likely to focus on an expression and exploration of feelings?
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D. Gestalt therapy
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Significant developments in dealing with borderline and narcissistic personality disorders have occurred within which theory?
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E. none of the above
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Dealing with the present is stressed in
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E. all of the above
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Which approach does NOT emphasize techniques
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C. existential therapy
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The formula first session take (FFST) is a form of homework a group leader might give members
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E. all of the above
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The miracle question is technique used in
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D. solution-focused therapy
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A lifestyle assessment, which would focus on family background and would reveal a pattern of basic mistakes, would be used in
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B. Adlerian therapy
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Which type of group leader is most likely to focus on energy and blocks to energy?
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B. Gestalt leader
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The therapeutic conditions of congruence, unconditional positive regard, and empathy are emphasized in
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D. person-centered therapy
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Role playing is likely to be used in
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E. all of the above
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Which approach stresses the total behavior of doing, thinking, feeling, and physiology?
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B. reality therapy
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Which approach emphasizes the personal qualities of the group leader rather than the techniques of leading?
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E. Two of the above
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The approach that teaches members how to identify irrational beliefs and substitute for them with rational beliefs is
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B. REBT
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Social skills training groups most rely on which type of techniques?
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A. behavioral
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In which type of group would members focus on their life scripts through the process of script analysis?
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E. TA group
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Shame-attacking exercises are like to be used in which type of group?
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D. REBT group
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Motivational interviewing is best described as
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C. a style of helping and a method of communication
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The contemplation stage is associated with which of the following?
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B. transtheoretical model of the stages of change
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Which approach has the goal of uncovering unconscious conflicts and working them through?
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C. psychoanalytic therapy