PSY 121 ch 10

question

People can reduce cognitive dissonance by:
answer

forming new cognitions to justify their behaviors
question

Social Categorization
answer

is mostly automatic and occurs without conscious awareness of the process
question

A person tries to change the belief opinion, or course of action of another person through
answer

Persuasion
question

Which of the following statements is the most accurate with regard to attitudes?
answer

They were learned through experiences as we live and work with others
question

Justin walks into the morning meeting 15 minutes late. His boss, Marco, assumes that traffic was bad this morning. Marco is using an example of:
answer

situational cause.
question

Not long after moving to the United States with her family, Mariana changed her name to Mary, Refrained from speaking Spanish, her native tongue, and only hung with peers who were non- Hispanic. Mariana’s method of cultural adaptation can be referred to as____
answer

Assimilation
question

Cameron is interested in studying how our bodies and brains work during social behavior. Cameron is interested in the field of___
answer

Social neuroscience
question

If your roommate asks you for a ride to campus and you agree and then the next day asks if he can borrow your car, this is an example of
answer

foot in the door technique
question

Cindy tastes peas for the first time and realizes she does not like them. Cindy formed her attitude about peas through the process of
answer

direct contact.
question

Karen intentionally tries to hurt lisa by spreading rumors about her. Karen is engaging in
answer

agression
question

Shawn and Tanya start talking after they’ve ridden on the dorm elevator several times together. This is an example of which rule of attraction?
answer

proximity
question

The fact that kitty Genovese did not receive help was most likely due to___
answer

the presence of multiple witnesses
question

Jim jumped into the ocean to save a drowning man, risking his own life in the process. He did so without any expectation of reward or getting anything in return for his actions. This is an example of
answer

altruism.
question

___ is the attitude about members of a particular social group and ___ is the behavior that can result from that attitude.
answer

Prejudice; discrimination
question

Sternberg’s Triangular Theory of Love says that companionate love consists of:
answer

intimacy and commitment.
question

Scapegoats are:
answer

Typical members of the out group
question

Strategies for overcoming prejudice include
answer

Intergroup and equal status contact
question

Some research suggests that___ is one of the main factors that influence peoples choices for selecting people they want to know better
answer

Physical Attractiveness
question

According to Sternberg, love consists of intimacy, passion, and___
answer

Commitment
question

The sadistic behavior of the “guards” in Phillip Zimbardo’s Stanford Prison Study:
answer

highlighted the influence that a social role can have on ordinary people
question

The war in Iraq design of the ship Titanic, and the Challenger disaster are all given in the textbook as examples of
answer

group think
question

In the Milgram study and several similar studies,__ percent of the Participants went all the way up to the 450-volt shock level
answer

65
question

Research on conformity suggests that if a ___ response is required,___ show more conformity than___
answer

public, women, men
question

A person demanding___ has power or authority to command a behavioral change, rather than just ask for a change.
answer

obedience
question

In solomon Asch’s study confederates were instructed to
answer

give the incorrect answer to the line-matching task
question

In stenbergs theory, ___ encompasses the physical aspects of love
answer

passion
question

According to Sternberg love consists of intimacy passion and
answer

commitment
question

The “jigsaw classroom”
answer

question

scapegoats are
answer

typically in the out group
question

Strategies for overcoming prejudice include
answer

question

_____ is a cultural pattern in which a minority person rejects the majority cultures ways and tries to maintain their original cultural identity
answer

separation
question

In solomon asch’s study, confederates were instructed to;
answer

give the incorrect answer to the line-matching task
question

In Milgram’s study as the teachers became reluctant to continue the experimenter
answer

told them that they had to continue.
question

The Challenger disaster is a classic example of groupthink because
answer

some people knew the shuttle was not OK to launch but did not speak up and therefore disrupt group cohesion.
question

A person demanding____ has power or authority to command a behavioral change, rather than just ask for a change.
answer

obedience
question

The door-in-the-face technique involves
answer

asking for a large commitment and then, after being refused, asking for a smaller commitment.
question

In the Latane and Darley Smoke-filled room study, participants were most likely to report the smoke when
answer

they were the only ones in the room
question

Julie is a psychologist involved in figuring out how to get people to purchase a certain brand of computer. Julie is involved in:
answer

consumer psychology.
question

Sheri’s coworker, Stephanie, is very afraid of spiders and screams every time she sees one in the warehouse. After a few weeks of working closely with Stephanie in the warehouse, sheri is afraid of spiders too. this is an example of:
answer

vicarious conditioning.
question

Cindy tastes peas for the first time and realizes she does not like them. Cindy formed her attitude about peas through the process of:
answer

direct contact
question

Jim jumped into the ocean to save a drowning man risking his own life in the process. He did so without any expectation of reward or getting anything in return for his actions this is an example of
answer

altruism
question

Harry’s friend Logan studies a lot, so Harry assumes that Logan is smart. Harry’s belief is based on
answer

implicit personality theory.
question

A person tries to change the belief, opinion, or course of action of another person through
answer

persuasion
question

People can reduce cognitive dissonance by
answer

forming new cognitions to justify their behaviors
question

Studies have found that the___ is particularly active when people have made a decision that reduces dissonance and then acted on that decision
answer

left frontal cortex
question

In 1940’s clark study demonstrates the power of
answer

question

Social psychology
answer

how we are influenced by other people

Get instant access to
all materials

Become a Member